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NCT ID: NCT05437783 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Comparative Bioavailability Study

Influence of Ethnicity and ABCB1 Gene Polymorphism on the Pharmacokinetics of Azithromycin in Healthy Bangladeshi Volunteers

Start date: January 1, 2020
Phase: Phase 1
Study type: Interventional

It is well recognized that different patients respond in different ways to the same medication. These differences are often greater among members of a population than they are within the same person at different times (or between monozygotic twins). The existence of large population differences with small interpatient variability is consistent with inheritance as a determinant of drug response; it is estimated that genetics can account for 20 to 95 percent of variability in drug disposition and effects. Azithromycin is frequently used worldwide irrespective of gender or ethnic populations therefore, to investigate the impact of gender and ABCB1 gene polymorphism holds clinical significance. As a correlation between azithromycin high plasma level and cardiac arrhythmia also exists . If we can prove the variation of pharmacokinetics of azithromycin due to ethnic differences and ABCB1 polymorphism dose adjustment can be done. No relevant study regarding this has been done before in Bangladesh. Therefore, this preliminary study would be of great benefit to formulate the individualized doses regiment design which may improve the efficacy of drug while reducing adverse reaction. At the same time, Genotyping may prove an essential tool for individualized treatment by optimizing the drug dosage for an individual's genetic variability. Further study regarding pharmacogenetics of various drugs may be possible in our country in the future .The present study design to investigate the influence of ethnic difference and gene polymorphism on the pharmacokinetics of azithromycin in Bangladeshi Bangalee and Bangladeshi minor ethnic volunteers.

NCT ID: NCT05437601 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Osteoarthritis, Knee

Effect of Astaxanthin in Moderate to Severe Knee Osteoarthritis

Start date: July 2022
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

This study will be 8 weeks randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trail to assess the effect of astaxanthin in 80 moderate to severe knee osteoarthritis patients. Participants will be assessed at baseline and after 8 weeks of intervention. Subjects will be randomized to receive either astaxanthin 12 mg capsule daily or placebo capsule identical to astaxanthin daily for 8 weeks. Evaluation of pain, stiffness and improvement of physical function will be measured by WOMAC index before and after intervention. Inflammatory markers serum IL-6 and hsCRP will be measured before and after intervention. Astaxanthin related adverse events will be identified. Study outcome will establish safety and efficacy of astaxanthin in knee osteoarthritis.

NCT ID: NCT05425030 Not yet recruiting - Hypertension Clinical Trials

A Community-Based LSSS Intervention in Bangladesh

Start date: September 1, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The sodium found in salt is a powerful cause of high blood pressure, and most sodium ingested by humans is from their diet. High blood pressure is known to cause heart attacks and strokes, so various public health programs have attempted to find ways for people to reduce their salt intake to avoid these complications. These programs, however, have proven challenging, as asking people to alter their food preparation practices is often met with resistance. As such, we wish to test the blood pressure-lowering effects of low sodium salt substitute (LSSS), a salt substance in which a third of the compound by weight is composed of potassium (which does not increase blood pressure) rather than sodium. We propose to study the effectiveness of an LSSS product by directly providing it (versus simply providing health education/information about LSSS and no LSSS, respectively) in 309 households in rural Bangladesh.

NCT ID: NCT05395195 Not yet recruiting - Encephalopathy Clinical Trials

Erythropoietin for Neonatal Encephalopathy in LMIC (EMBRACE Trial)

EMBRACE
Start date: December 1, 2022
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

One million babies die, and at least 2 million survive with lifelong disabilities following neonatal encephalopathy (NE) in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), every year. Cooling therapy in the context of modern tertiary intensive care improves outcome after NE in high-income countries. However, the uptake and applicability of cooling therapy in LMICs is poor, due to the lack of intensive care and transport facilities to initiate and administer the treatment within the six-hours window after birth as well as the absence of safety and efficacy data on hypothermia for moderate or severe NE. Erythropoietin (Epo) is a promising neuroprotectant with both acute effects (anti-inflammatory, anti-excitotoxic, antioxidant, and antiapoptotic) and regenerative effects (neurogenesis, angiogenesis, and oligodendrogenesis),which are essential for the repair of injury and normal neurodevelopment. Pooled data from 5 small randomized clinical trials (RCTs) (n=348 babies), suggests that Epo (without cooling therapy) reduce the risk of death or disability at 3 months or more after NE (Risk Ratio 0.62 (95% CI 0.40 to 0.98). Hence, a definitive trial (phase III) for rigorous evaluation of the safety and efficacy of Epo monotherapy in LMIC is now warranted.

NCT ID: NCT05395143 Recruiting - Hyperlipidemias Clinical Trials

Study to Assess the Effect of Zinc in Atorvastatin Treated Hyperlipidemic Patients

Start date: May 1, 2021
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

This study was 8 weeks randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to assess the effect of zinc in Atorvastatin treated hyperlipidemic 92 patients. Participants were assessed at baseline, and 8 weeks. Subjects were randomized to receive either atorvastatin+placebo in one arm or atorvastatin +zinc 30mg tablet in another arm daily for 8 weeks. The outcome was the measure of fasting lipid profile, sgpt, serum creatinine at baseline and after 8 weeks following the intervention.

NCT ID: NCT05391867 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Assessment of the Efficacy of Lenvatinib Versus Sorafenib in the Management of Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Start date: January 1, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common type of liver cancer, which is the 3rd leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. The incidence is expected to increase as a consequence of chronic liver disease with its multiple risk factors, including chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections, excessive alcohol consumption, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, hemochromatosis, and aflatoxin B1.It is estimated that 70%-90% of patients with HCC have chronic liver disease and cirrhosis, which limits the feasibility of surgical procedures in advanced cases. There are limited treatment options for HCC patients who are ineligible for surgical resection. Locoregional therapies, such as radiofrequency ablation, transarterial chemoembolization (TACE), transarterial embolization (TAE), or hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC), are primarily recommended, and if one of those fail, then systemic therapy is considered. The 2013 Japan Society of Hepatology HCC Guidelines outlined that the factors influencing treatment decisions should be based on the degree of liver damage (Child-Pugh), presence or absence of extrahepatic spread and macrovascular invasion, the number of tumors, and tumor diameter. Sorafenib has been the standard of care since 2007, when the SHARP trial demonstrated that sorafenib improved median overall survival (OS) compared to placebo in patients who had not received prior systemic therapy (10.7 vs 7.9 months, HR =0.69, P<0.001). In patients from the Asia-Pacific region taking sorafenib, the median improvement in overall survival compared with placebo was 2.3 months (6.5 months vs 4.2 months; HR 0.68; p=0.014). Drug development for hepatocellular carcinoma in the past 10 years has been marked by four failed global phase 3 trials (of sunitinib, brivanib, linifanib, and erlotinib plus sorafenib) that did not show non-inferiority. Sorafenib, an oral multikinase inhibitor, has been the only systemic therapy demonstrated to extend overall survibility as a firstline treatment, showing a median improvement of 2.8 months compared with placebo (10.7 months vs. 7.9 months; hazard ratio [HR] 0.69; p\0.001).6 Inpatients from the Asia-Pacific region taking sorafenib, the median OS (mOS) improvement compared with placebo was 2.3 months (HR 0.68; p = 0.014). The use of other molecularly targeted agents has not demonstrated efficacy via non-inferiority or superiority to sorafenib; thus, until the appearance of lenvatinib, sorafenib has also been widely used as the first-line treatment for uHCC patients in Japan. Recently, regorafenib and Nivolumab were approved as a second-line systemic treatment for patients who do not respond to the first-line treatments. Otherwise, best supportive care or participation in clinical trials is recommended in the second-line setting by treatment guidelines. Chemotherapy in combination with sorafenib (doxorubicin) and radioembolization with SIR Spheres Y-90 resin microspheres failed to demonstrate a survival benefit or showed a worse safety profile compared to sorafenib in the first-line setting. Eventually, the PhaseIII non-inferiority REFLECT trial showed that lenvatinib was non-inferior compared to sorafenib.

NCT ID: NCT05389540 Not yet recruiting - Infections Clinical Trials

Rural South and Southeast Asia Household Health Survey

SEACTN-HHS
Start date: June 2022
Phase:
Study type: Observational

A cross-sectional household survey with two-stage cluster-randomized sampling. This cross-sectional household survey design to recruit a random sample of households that is representative for each of the study sites. From the selected households, all consenting, household members will be included in the study. This study is funded by the UK Wellcome Trust. The grant reference number is 215604/Z/19/Z

NCT ID: NCT05380479 Recruiting - Anorexia Clinical Trials

Mirtazapine Versus Megestrol Acetate in Treatment of Anorexia-cachexia in Advanced Cancer Patients.

Start date: June 1, 2022
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

This study was 8 weeks randomized, double-blind trail to assess the effect of mirtazapine versus megestrol acetate in treatment of anorexia-cachexia in advanced cancer patients in 80 patients. Participants were assessed at baseline, 4 weeks and 8 weeks. Subject were randomized to receive either mirtazapine 15 mg tablet daily or megestrol acetate 160 mg tablet daily for 8 weeks. The primary outcome was the measure of FAACT(A/C) score and the secondary measure includes weight, BMI, quality of life and evaluate adverse effects.

NCT ID: NCT05372068 Not yet recruiting - Diarrhea Clinical Trials

Effects of Household Concrete Floors on Child Health

Start date: April 2023
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This randomized trial in rural Bangladesh will measure whether installing concrete floors in households with soil floors reduces child enteric infection. The trial will randomize eligible households to receive concrete household floors or to no intervention and measure effects on child soil-transmitted helminth infection, diarrhea, and other enteric infections. The study will collect longitudinal follow-up measurements when children are aged 6, 12, 18, and 24 months.

NCT ID: NCT05354479 Recruiting - Pain Control Clinical Trials

Breastmilk Alone or in Combination With Paracetamol for Reducing Pain

Start date: October 20, 2021
Phase: Phase 4
Study type: Interventional

Efficacy of Expressed Breast Milk Alone or in Combination with Paracetamol in Reducing Pain during ROP Screening.