There are about 443 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Bangladesh. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Chronic Respiratory Disease (CRD), particularly asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorders (COPD) are leading causes of mortality and reduced quality of life due to its wide-reported association with other multi-morbidities.There is limited knowledge on the burden of CRD in the rural communities in Bangladesh due to poor awareness on the impact of CRD on quality of life and unavailability of diagnostic facilities due to weaker primary healthcare settings. The study aims to estimate the CRD burden in Bangladesh in a large representative population to draw the attention of policy makers to the creation of social awareness and improvement of primary healthcare infrastructure for respiratory disease in Bangladesh. The study is a prospective observational one in nature. The study will be implemented in Mirzapur, a rural sub-district of Tangail district in Bangladesh within the period of February to May 2021. A total of 981 participants will be enrolled from the study. Verbal consent will be taken initially. Participants who are assessed to be COVID-19 negative will be invited for a visit to the mobile clinic following national health guidelines to perform the spirometry. The study team will provide an information sheet (written in local language) that describes the study aim and objectives with potential risk benefits to the participants. All participants will be enrolled through written consent and satisfactory response to the patient information sheet. The Research Assistant (RA) will collect the relevant metadata such as demographics, information on risk factors, screening questionnaires relevant to asthma and COPD, reported health status and symptoms related to CRD etc. from the participant after obtaining the written consent. Data quality will be ensured by the Field Research Supervisor through checking all the collected information. The enrolled participants will undergo spirometry for the evaluation of their lung function. Spirometry will be collected by trained personnel and will be quality checked by an expert panel at CHRF. Repeated collection will take place in the event if the test results do not pass quality checking. Participant will also be invited to the study clinic within the next 10 days after assessment for any further clinical assessment that is deemed necessary by the study physician. The collected data and spirometry reports will be reviewed to evaluate the CRD patient in terms of their disease. The study will analyse the rate of CRD burden stratified by age, sex, and income group. The productivity loss will be measured in terms of work hours lost due to CRDs.
Introduction: Glycemic control in acutely ill stroke patients with hyperglycemia is vital. Although insulin is the choice of anti-diabetic agent during acute stage, it is not clear which insulin regimen is better in terms of glycemic control and prevention of hypoglycemia in hospitalized acute stroke patients who are usually on small frequent nasogastric tube feeding. The present study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of human insulin (regular insulin and neutral protamine hagedorn, NPH insulin) to analog insulin (basal insulin glargine and rapid acting insulin aspart) in hospitalized acute stroke patients with hyperglycemia. Justification: Analog insulins are developed by minor alteration of the amino acid chain which alters their pharmacokinetics and make them more physiological. However, these insulins are costly and are not widely available. Conventional human insulins are more commonly used in our country. Comparison of these two regimen is necessary in our own setting to optimize optimal glycemic management of hospitalized acute stroke patients. Methodology: In this single-center, open-label, randomized trial, 100 patients with acute stroke and hyperglycemia (capillary blood glucose ≥10 mmol/L on 2 or more occasions) or history of type 2 DM admitted in the in-patient Department of Neurology, National Institute of Neurosciences (NINS) & Hospital will be randomly assigned to receive human insulin or modern insulin therapy in 1:1 ratio. The study will be carried out from February to June 2021. Blood glucose (BG) will be monitored by standardized glucometer thrice a day and insulin dose will be adjusted daily. The primary outcome of the study will be the differences in glycemic control between groups, as measured by mean daily BG concentration during the hospital stay. Secondary outcomes include differences between treatment groups in any of the following measures: number of hypoglycemic events (BG <3.9 mmol/L), total daily dose of insulin, length of hospital stay, hospital complications and mortality.
Develop a scalable approach for delivering water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) messages to households in areas with confirmed cholera patients in Dhaka, Bangladesh. This will be done by conducting formative research through in-depth interviews, focus group discussions, and intervention planning workshops with households in areas with confirmed cholera patients and government officials to identify perceptions of WASH behaviors and to inform the development of a mobile health intervention (mHealth) for this population. This intervention approach will then be piloted in a subset of households, and revised according to feedback. Then the investigators will conduct a randomized controlled of the refined mHealth intervention.
As part of the COVID-19 response, BRAC has built 1000 public handwashing stations in several hundred villages in 20 sub-districts of Bangladesh. The investigators investigate the effects of two sets of behavioural interventions on use of the handwashing stations, compared to no additional interventions. The first set comprises passive nudges installed on and around the handwashing station, aimed at attracting people to the station. The second set comprises actively delivered higher-intensity interventions, including free soap offered as an incentive for using the handwashing station and a community board used to display social proof. This set of interventions aims to increase motivation to use the station.
This is a secondary-use study based on previously-collected data and blood samples from a previously completed double-blind, dose-ranging trial of maternal prenatal and postpartum vitamin D supplementation in Dhaka, Bangladesh (NCT01924013). The aim of this sub-study is to examine the effect of vitamin D supplementation on iron status during pregnancy and early infancy.
Child marriage leads to pregnancy in adolescence, a root cause of both malnutrition and the intergenerational cycle of malnutrition. Two-thirds of Bangladeshi girls are married before 18 years, nearly half become pregnant before 19, and the rates of stunting and underweight are 26% and 36%, respectively. There are well-established risks of adolescent pregnancy for both mother (impaired growth and development due to nutrient reallocation for pregnancy and lactation), and infants (increased risk of low birth weight and small-for-gestational-age). Poor sexual and reproductive health (SRH), infant and young child feeding (IYCF), and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) knowledge could impair the nutritional and health status of the whole family, sparking intergenerational issues. The investigators propose to investigate the efficacy of a gender-transformative enhanced homestead food production (EHFP) program to prevent child marriage, and in turn, adolescent pregnancy-induced malnutrition among girls aged 13-15 years in a high-risk area for child marriage, Khulna Division, southern Bangladesh. The investigators will conduct a cluster-randomized controlled trial in which n=1200 girls in after-school Adolescent Clubs will participate in a 24-month program teaching women's empowerment through hands-on workshops. All participants (control and EHFP groups) will be exposed to SRH, WASH, and IYCF, while those in the EHFP group will also receive EFHP training and inputs intended to improve nutrient intake and provide an income source for the adolescent girls' family. Investigators hypothesize that girls in the EHFP group will have lower rates of marriage and pregnancy, and improved food security, dietary diversity, nutritional status, IYCF, WASH, and SRH knowledge/practices.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is very common functional gastrointestinal disorder in daily gastrointestinal practice. Its etiology is multifactorial and incompletely understood. Different types of treatment have been trying but no single drug is effective for every patients. After the discovery of 5HT4(5 hydroxytryptamine-4) receptor and its effect on gastrointestinal motility, 5HT4 receptor agonist becoming a good therapeutic tool in different functional gastrointestinal disorder. Prucalopride is a selective 5HT4 agonist and it has proven benefit in chronic idiopathic constipation but there is not enough evidence that it is effective in constipation predominant IBS. Objective: To assess the efficacy of Prucalopride in constipation predominant IBS patients. Material & method: Consecutive patients of both sexes, age more than 18 years attended the outpatient department of Gastroenterology meeting the inclusion Criteria of IBS-C will be initially enrolled for the study. Their clinical history, examination & initial investigations report will be noted on the standard data sheet. Any alternative diagnosis if proven by clinical examination or laboratory investigation will be excluded from the study. Randomization into two groups (Prucalopride and placebo) will be performed by lottery. Patients will be randomly assigned to receive either Prucalopride 2 mg or placebo for 6 weeks. IBS symptoms will be assessed by IBS-SSS (symptom severity score) and IBS-QOL(quality of life) at the baseline, 2nd week and 6th week of treatment (end of treatment). Any adverse effect due to drugs will also be monitored by base line ECG, calculation of corrected QT interval and ECG monitoring (2 weeks and 6 weeks) during the course of treatment. Data analysis By SPSS. IBS-SSS and IBS-QOL instrument scores will be expressed as mean ± standard deviation. Statistical analysis will be done by paired and unpaired 't' test. P value <0.05 will be considered statistically significant. Ethical Consideration: Every ethical issue will be discussed with the patient regarding the study and informed written consent will be obtained. There will be no chance of disclosure of information that will have been harmful to the patients or others. Permission have been taken from the concerned departmental ethical committee as well as ethical review committee of BSMMU in order to carry out the study.
In line with BRAC's overall goals to limit the COVID19 transmission, BRAC has constructed 1,000 handwashing stations coupled with other supports i.e. in-person demonstration, hygiene meetings, and soap distribution in Bangladesh. The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of public handwashing stations (HWSs) on people's hygiene behavior and health outcomes in response to the COVID-19 situation. For this, at the household level, we will collect information on self-reported handwashing practices, income, health status, and HWSs along with other relevant socio-demographic variables in detail. In addition, we will observe people's mobility, mask usage at public places, and the HWSs usage; and will associate the observed HWSs usage with their self-reported health outcomes. This study will conduct surveys on households (7,760) and public (5,820) in 20 sub-districts of Mymensingh, Khulna, and Dhaka divisions. Overall, this study is expected to directly benefit study participants and their communities by unveiling new evidence to inform BRAC's existing hygiene behavioral change programming in these communities. In addition, this information will yield future societal benefits by generating evidence on how to effectively implement and disseminate infrastructure and information that people can trust, believe, and use to form healthy hygiene habits.
Diarrhea is one of the leading causes of under-five childhood mortality and accounts for 8% of 5.4 million global under-5 deaths. The coexistence of sepsis and hypovolemic shock in children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) having diarrhea is common. At Dhaka hospital of icddr,b, the death rate is as high as 40% and 69% in children with severe sepsis and septic shock respectively with co-morbidities such as severe malnutrition. The conventional management of SAM children with features of severe sepsis recommended by WHO includes administration of boluses of isotonic saline followed by blood transfusion in unresponsive cases with septic shock; whereas the Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) guideline recommends vasoactive support. To date, no study has evaluated systematically the effects of inotrope(s) and vasopressor or blood transfusion in children with dehydrating diarrhea (for example, in cholera) and SAM having shock and unresponsive to WHO standard fluid therapy. This randomized trial will generate evidence whether inotrope and vasopressor or blood transfusion should be selected for severely malnourished children having hypotensive shock and who failed to respond to WHO standard fluid bolus.
Rabies is a viral infectious disease of mammals including humans. Early symptoms of rabies include fever and tingling at the site of exposure, followed by one or more symptoms such as fear of water, violent movements, confusion, uncontrolled excitement, inability to move parts of the body, and loss of consciousness. Once symptoms of the disease develop, rabies is invariably fatal. It is one of the oldest human diseases. It continues to be a major public health problem in developing countries. Rabies is the 10th biggest cause of death due to infectious diseases worldwide. Rabies is endemic in Bangladesh with high public health significance and ranked third highest among rabies-endemic countries for human rabies deaths. In Bangladesh, an estimated 200 000 animal bite cases with more than 2000 human rabies deaths are reported annually. Most importantly, most of the victims are children below 15 years old coming from poor rural communities. Rabies is a vaccine-preventable viral disease and is highly effective when given pre- or post-exposure to a bite from a potentially rabid animal. Currently there is no locally manufactured Rabies vaccine available in Bangladesh. The results of this study will provide information regarding the immunogenicity and safety of the locally manufactured Rabies vaccine 'Rabix VC' as a test vaccine using 'Rabipur' as a comparator vaccine in a non inferiority study design.