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Clinical Trial Summary

Diabetic kidney disease and cardiovascular disease remain the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in people with type 1 diabetes and are exacerbated with longer duration of diabetes and time outside goal glycemic range. Yet, type 1 diabetes is a complex disease with pathophysiology that extends beyond beta-cell injury and insulin deficiency to include insulin resistance and renal vascular resistance, factors that accelerate cardiovascular disease risk. We have shown that metformin improved peripheral insulin sensitivity and vascular stiffness in youth with type 1 diabetes on multiple daily insulin injections or standard insulin pumps. However, metformin's effect on kidney and endothelial outcomes, and the effects of type 1 diabetes technologies, with or without metformin, on any cardiovascular or kidney outcome, remains unknown. Automated insulin delivery systems combine an insulin pump, continuous glucose monitor, and control algorithm to modulate background insulin delivery and decrease peripheral insulin exposure while improving time in target range and reducing hypoglycemia. We hypothesize that automated insulin delivery systems, particularly when combined with metformin, may modulate renal vascular resistance and insulin sensitivity, thereby impacting cardiometabolic function. MANATEE-T1D is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 4 months of metformin 2,000 mg daily in 40 youth aged 12-21 years with type 1 diabetes on automated insulin delivery systems vs. 20 control youth with type 1 diabetes on multiple daily injections plus a continuous glucose monitor which will assess for changes in calculated renal vascular resistance and gold standard measures of whole-body and adipose insulin sensitivity, arterial stiffness, and endothelial function.


Clinical Trial Description

n/a


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT05065372
Study type Interventional
Source University of Colorado, Denver
Contact Lucy Hall, MS
Phone 720-777-2692
Email [email protected]
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase Phase 1
Start date October 1, 2021
Completion date August 31, 2026

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