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Clinical Trial Summary

The prospective observational study of radiation therapy is conducted on the nipple-areola complex(close resection margin at primary tumor site) or regional lymph nodes(including axilla and supraclavicular lymph node) with a high risk of local recurrence in nipple-sparing mastectomy with reconstruction, we're going to analysis the effects of radiation therapy and cosmetic effects. By evaluating survival rate, recurrence pattern(local lymph node and metastasis to the whole body), side effects, cosmetic effects, from the patients who have gone through Nipple Sparing Mastectomy with reconstruction.


Clinical Trial Description

For the last 20years, Breast Conservation Surgery and postoperative radiotherapy were the well established standard treatment, proven by various clinical trial studies, About 20-50% of breast cancer patients with large tumors, small breasts, or multiple tumors were still considered for Radical mastectomy. In this case, Nipple Areola Complex (NAC) removal, significantly increases the amputation sensation of the patient and reduces breast contour, cosmetic satisfaction, physical balance, and psychological burden. For this reason, recently, Nipple Sparing Mastectomy with reconstruction, which does not reduce treatment effect and maintain breast contour function is more considered. It is reported that from Radical mastectomy specimens, possible tumor cell invasion in Nipple-Areola Complex is about 20%(0-58%). local recurrence of breast cancer patient for nipple sparing mastectomy is reported to be about 0-28.4%. Also, while operating a conserved Nipple Areola Complex (NAC) specimen, the false-negative rate of frozen section examination is 1.5-9.3%. Therefore, due to the limitations of these pathological examinations, the possibility of residual tumor cells in the Nipple-Areola Complex cannot be excluded because that is unidentified and preserved in the tumor cell of the surgical specimen. Since radiotherapy has been proven to help reduce local recurrence and improve survival rate as postoperative adjuvant treatment in patients who have undergone Breast-Conserving Surgery, a study in Nipple-Sparing Mastectomy also has been conducted to reduce local recurrence. Benediksson's research team have reported, radiotherapy reduced the local recurrence rate in patients who had undergone Nipple-Sparing Mastectomy with reconstruction. Petit's research team reported, the local recurrence rate is 1.7% and there was no recurrence near Nipple-Areola Complex in patients who received Nipple-Sparing Mastectomy. Among the 486 patients who have undergone Nipple-Sparing Mastectomy with reconstruction from January 2012 to December 2017 in National Cancer Center in Korea, the local recurrence rate is 8.2%, 5% of the nipple-areola complex, 2.2% of axillary lymph node, 0.9% of the chest wall. And most of the local recurrence sites were nipple-areola complex and axillary lymph node. Despite reducing recurrence rate, as an influencing factor to postoperative complications and cosmetics, radiotherapy has a risk of side effects from the Nipple-Sparing Mastectomy with reconstruction-operated patients. Therefore, by conducting a prospective observational study of radiation therapy to the nipple-areola complex(close resection margin at primary tumor site) or regional lymph nodes(including axilla and supraclavicular lymph node) with a high risk of local recurrence in nipple-sparing mastectomy with reconstruction, we're going to analysis the effects of radiation therapy and cosmetic effects. By evaluating survival rate, recurrence pattern(local lymph node and metastasis to the whole body), side effects, cosmetic effects, from the patients who have gone through Nipple Sparing Mastectomy with reconstruction. ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT05213962
Study type Observational
Source National Cancer Center, Korea
Contact
Status Enrolling by invitation
Phase
Start date November 15, 2021
Completion date December 31, 2028

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