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Clinical Trial Summary

This research study is exploring chemotherapy in combination with immunotherapy (a therapy that uses the body's own immune system to control cancer) as a possible treatment for hormone receptor positive breast cancer. The interventions involved in this study are: - Pembrolizumab (MK-3475; Keytruda™) - Nab-Paclitaxel (Abraxane

Clinical Trial Description

This research study is a Pilot Study, which is the first time investigators are examining this study intervention. In this research study, the investigators are looking at how the participants body and tumor respond to the combination of Nab-paclitaxel and Pembrolizumab. Also, the investigators will be examining the participants tumor tissue to learn more about the disease. The FDA (the U.S. Food and Drug Administration) has not approved Pembrolizumab for this specific disease; but it has been approved in the United States for the treatment of other diseases. The FDA has not approved Nab-paclitaxel as a treatment option for this type of breast cancer; but it has been approved in the United States for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer (breast cancer that has spread to other parts of the body). Pembrolizumab is a medicine that may treat cancer by working with the participant's immune system. The immune system is the body's natural defense against disease. The immune system sends types of cells called "T cells" throughout the body to detect and fight infections and diseases, including cancer. For some types of cancer, the T cells do not work as they should and are prevented from attacking the tumors. Pembrolizumab is thought to work by blocking a protein in the T cells called PD-1 ("programmed death 1"), which then allows these cells and other parts of the immune system to attack tumors. Nab-paclitaxel (Abraxane) is part of a class of medications called antimicrotubule agents. It works by stopping the growth and spread of cancer cells by blocking the action of proteins called microtubules. The combination of Pembrolizumab and Nab-paclitaxel is investigational. "Investigational" means that the combination of study drugs is being studied. The study drugs, when given separately, work in different ways to stop the cancer cells from growing and spreading. However, it is not known if giving the two study drugs at the same time will have a better anti-cancer effect than giving each treatment on its own. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT02999477
Study type Interventional
Source Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Contact Sara Tolaney, MD MPH
Phone 617-632-2335
Email [email protected]
Status Recruiting
Phase Phase 1
Start date February 23, 2017
Completion date January 2023

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