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The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effect of double antibiotic paste when compared to Ca (OH)2, in terms of RANKL and OPG levels in chronic periapical lesions and correlate the results with periapical bone healing findings after a follow up period of one year.
The investigators conducted a retrospective analysis of all measured concentrations performed in a large subset of laboratories located in the French Brittany from February 2010 the 17th to August 2015 the 30th, in adults over 20 years old. The investigators are aimed at studying physicians' use and eventually misuse of biomarkers dosage and the characteristics of a broad population based on some biomarkers concentrations.
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer mortality in the United States. The high mortality for these tumors is primarily attributed to the late stage in which most patients are diagnosed, leading to a dismal 5-year survival of 6% for all stages of PDAC. Surgical resection offers the best chance for survival, but most patients only present with symptoms after the tumor has metastasized, and as a result are not operative candidates. This creates a need to both identify patients at an earlier stage while their cancer is still resectable, and predict the aggressiveness of the disease in order to better target treatment. In addition, even patients who receive curative surgery are at a high risk of developing recurrence of disease. Thus, there is also a need to detect recurrence early so appropriate treatment can be provided. As several adjuvant chemotherapeutic regimens are now available, it will be important to identify as soon as possible that the cancer has become refractory to a given therapy. This will allow one to progress to second or third line therapy more quickly while the tumor burden is smaller. This purpose of this study is to identify biomarkers in the blood of patients with PDAC and determine how they can change over time in relation to treatment to assess for any correlation with patient outcomes, response to treatment, recurrence of disease and overall survival. This study will be limited to patients who present to the Johns Hopkins Hospital between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2018 with PDAC. Blood will be drawn from all consenting patients at the time of initial diagnosis and after treatment. Patients will undergo treatment for their cancer based on personal preference, standard guidelines and discussion with medical, radiation, and surgical oncologists. Patients who undergo surgical resection will also have an additional blood sample collected after resection, and patients who undergo chemotherapy and/or radiation will have an additional blood sample draw at the end of this treatment. A patient could have blood collected at multiple intervals, i.e. a pre-treatment sample, sample post-neoadjuvant chemotherapy/radiation, sample post-surgery, and sample post-adjuvant chemotherapy/radiation. In patients, who have undergone curative resection of PDAC blood samples will be collected till they develop clinical recurrence of disease. For the first 2 years following surgery samples will be collected every 3-4 months. Beyond that the investigators will collect samples every 6 months for the next two years. For all patients found to be alive and disease free beyond 4 years after surgery samples will be collected once every year. These patients will be followed to determine disease-free and overall survival. With this study, the investigators aim to assess the potential utility of blood biomarkers over time for pancreatic tumors which will help both with early detection of disease and also recurrence of disease after surgery. Biomarkers identified would have the potential to create a new method for early diagnosis of patients with PDAC, predict overall survival, response to treatment, or risk of metastatic spread, and predict recurrence of disease, all of which has the potential to drastically improve outcomes for this deadly disease.
The purpose of this study is to identify markers of increased risk for incident ventricular arrhythmias and cardiovascular events in patients already being treated with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) by exploring patient history and clinical findings, biological markers, ECG markers, and echocardiographic markers.
The primary objective of the planned Nutrition Research Cohort (NRC) n250 study is to develop and evaluate the open access Nutrition Researcher Cohort for gathering personal health data from nutrition researchers, including analytical methods, standards and operation procedures, data infrastructure, ethical and privacy aspects, and governance. Besides, the study aims to exploit and analyse data on food, nutrient and bioactive compound intake and exposure, biomarkers for food, health and/or disease and health and/or disease related measurements to study the relation between nutrition, health and development of disease (on individual level). In addition, data will be used to develop applications that visualise personal health risks based for example on (validated) recommendations and applications that predict individual health risks. The study is designed as an open, one-group, exploratory cohort study. The total NRC cohort will be composed of about 250 life sciences employees and students from different, predominantly European, countries. This allows optimal involvement of participants in shaping all aspects of the cohort and the ownership of data. We aim to recruit about in total 20 male and female scientists per participating country.
The primary aim is to perform the largest study worldwide to evaluate novel biochemical and electrocardiographic signatures alone as well as in combination with the standard 12-lead exercise ECG in the detection of exercise-induced myocardial ischemia (diagnostic endpoint). The secondary aim is to evaluate these innovative tools in the risk prediction for the occurrence of cardiovascular death and acute myocardial infarction during long-term follow-up.
The purpose of this research study is to evaluate the effects (good and bad) of supplementation with Glutamine to that of a placebo (L-alanine), on your child and their Short Bowel Syndrome. Researchers are doing this study to see if the addition of Glutamine to oral/tube feeding (nutrition therapy) will work better by preventing bloodstream infections, improving growth, and/or changing the make-up of bacteria in your child's intestine. Glutamine is approved by the FDA for use in adults with Short Bowel Syndrome. In this study, the investigators will be assessing how well Glutamine affects Short Bowel Syndrome in children.
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in Western societies. It is a complex genetic disorder with many genes involved and significant gene-environment interactions. The aim of the study is to identify novel genetic- and biological-markers of atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is assessed in the coronary arteries using coronary angiography as well as in the carotid artery (intima-media-thickness) and peripheral vessels (ankle brachial index). Association analysis of genetic and metabolic markers with atherosclerotic burden will be performed to identify novel factors of disposition to atherosclerotic vascular disease.