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Clinical Trial Summary

Almost half of the patients diagnosed with COVID-19 pneumonia develop ARDS and most of these patients are treated in the intensive care unit. In the management of COVID-19 ARDS, prone position is applied to improve physiological parameters by facilitating better distribution of tidal volume and drainage of secretions. It has been reported that awake patients in COVID clinics could not adapt their prone position due to anxiety . Jiang et al (2020) reported that awake patients may not tolerate the prone position and may experience anxiety due to posture habits and discomfort. It was determined that anxiety developed on the second day of hospitalization in the intensive care unit, state anxiety was associated with trait anxiety and pain, and anxiety was low in patients receiving mental health care/treatment . And also not to change position himself of patient in prone position due to care equipment etc it can cause loss of self-control and anxiety. Twelve-sixteen hour prone position recommendation for clinical improvement, positioning difficulties in patients who cannot position themselves may also trigger anxiety in awake patients It has been suggested that music therapy may be effective in reducing anxiety related to weaning from mechanical ventilation in COVID-19 patients. Music therapy intervention in ICU has been tested in sessions of at least 30 minutes, 1-30 days, with options such as western music, classical Chinese music, nature-based music. In the study of Chu and Zhang (2021), it was shown that the recovery time for tomography findings, the number of days of hospital stay and the rates of transfer to the intensive care unit were lower in the patient group who received holistic mode including traditional Chinese medicine, music therapy, and emotional support in COVID-19 patients. Studies evaluating the effectiveness of music therapy alone in the COVID-19 intensive care process could not be reached. It is thought that music therapy applied in the prone position in the COVID-19 intensive care unit will reduce the anxiety of the patients, adapt to the prone position and improve their clinical parameters.


Clinical Trial Description

The Corona virus disease 2019 Pandemic (COVID-19) has caused a psychosocial depression in the world. Acute severe or critical condition has been observed in 20% of individuals diagnosed with COVID-19. It is stated that viral pneumonia or Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) and organ failures develop in these individuals. Almost half of the patients diagnosed with COVID-19 pneumonia develop ARDS and most of these patients are treated in the intensive care unit. In the management of COVID-19 ARDS, prone position is applied to improve physiological parameters by facilitating better distribution of tidal volume and drainage of secretions. It is thought that the prone position will be more effective in the early stages of the disease and awake patients. It is recommended that the prone position especially in moderate to severe ARDS cases be applied for at least 12 hours after symptoms stabilize. Elkattawy and Noori (2020) reported that at least 6-8 hours of prone position improves oxygenation in the COVID-19 case without ARDS criteria. Mac Sweeney et al. (2020) reported that clinical parameters improved, intubation and ventilator requirement were delayed in an awake, self-prone COVID-19 case. However, Somagutta et al (2021) reported anxiety, back pain, adjustment and tolerance problems in awake and not mechanically ventilated patients. Bastoni et al, in the study which they evaluated prone adapt at emergency department in Italy; it is reported positioning could not be maintained in four out of ten patients due to unconformity, pain, and rejection of prone position. It has been reported that awake patients in COVID clinics could not adapt their prone position due to anxiety. Jiang et al (2020) reported that awake patients may not tolerate the prone position and may experience anxiety due to posture habits and discomfort. It was determined that anxiety developed on the second day of hospitalization in the intensive care unit, state anxiety was associated with trait anxiety and pain, and anxiety was low in patients receiving mental health care/treatment. And also not to change position himself of patient in prone position due to care equipment etc it can cause loss of self-control and anxiety. Twelve-sixteen hour prone position recommendation for clinical improvement, positioning difficulties in patients who cannot position themselves may also trigger anxiety in awake patients. Music therapy is applied as a non-pharmacological nursing intervention in the anxiety management of patients in intensive careIt is stated that music therapy is effective in stress-anxiety management, improves vital signs and sleep quality, and may have a muscle relaxant effect in interventions applied in covid-19. It has been suggested that music therapy may be effective in reducing anxiety related to weaning from mechanical ventilation in COVID-19 patients. Music therapy intervention in ICU has been tested in sessions of at least 30 minutes, 1-30 days, with options such as western music, classical Chinese music, nature-based music. It has been reported that music therapy applied with all types of music provides normal heart rate, respiratory recovery and muscle relaxation. Golino et al. listened to music for 30 minutes according to the preferences of the patients in the intensive care unit and their vital signs, pain and anxiety were evaluated. While there was an improvement in heart rate and respiration, oxygen saturations did not change. At the same time, patients reported less pain and anxiety. In the study of Chu and Zhang (2021), it was shown that the recovery time for tomography findings, the number of days of hospital stay and the rates of transfer to the intensive care unit were lower in the patient group who received holistic mode including traditional Chinese medicine, music therapy, and emotional support in COVID-19 patients. Studies evaluating the effectiveness of music therapy alone in the COVID-19 intensive care process could not be reached. It is thought that music therapy applied in the prone position in the COVID-19 intensive care unit will reduce the anxiety of the patients, adapt to the prone position and improve their clinical parameters. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of music therapy applied in the prone position on anxiety, compliance with the prone position, and vital signs in patients diagnosed with COVID-19 in the intensive care unit. ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT05038514
Study type Interventional
Source Kutahya Health Sciences University
Contact Senay TAKMAK, PhD
Phone 0 (274) 260 00 43
Email [email protected]
Status Recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date September 1, 2021
Completion date December 31, 2021

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