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Clinical Trial Summary

Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes are effective measures to reduce recurrent ischemic events in post-acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. However, participation rates in CR programmes following myocardial infarction remain low and their long-term effects are uncertain. Home-based CR in combination with novel innovative e-Health applications could overcome barriers to accessibility and participation. Rehab+, a mobile cardiac rehabilitation (mCR) programme co-created with patients and rehabilitation centres, is designed to future-proof CR and to make CR more accessible to patients. Moreover, Rehab+ will be offered for 12 consecutive months after myocardial infarction and could therefore result in greater sustained effects. This prospective, investigator-initiated, multicentre, matched control, observational trial intends to enroll 900 post-ACS patients. Subjects following ACS will be enrolled in the hospital if they meet all the eligibility criteria. Each subject will be able to choose between one of the 2 treatment groups, i.e. 12 months of mCR or 6-8 weeks of traditional centre-based CR. The follow-up for each subject will take 12 months for both groups. The primary objective of this study is to assess whether mCR programme result in better sustained effects on physical, mental and social outcomes in post-ACS patients, as compared to post-ACS patients who follow the traditional CR programme. The main hypothesis is that mCR is expected to result in greater improvement in Quality of Life at 12 months as compared to traditional CR.

Clinical Trial Description

Subjects will be screened during hospitalisation following myocardial infarction. All eligible patients for CR will be informed about the study and requested to participate. Those fulfilling the eligibility criteria who have provided written informed consent will be allocated based upon patient preference to the mCR group with mobile tele-monitoring guidance or the control group following the regular CR programme. Patient data will be collected at three different time points, T0 at inclusion (baseline), T1 after 3 months and T2 after 12 months. Data will be administered from the patient's (electronic) health record collected during usual care. Extra data will be administered through questionnaires. Patients can leave the study at any time for any reason if they wish to do so without any consequences. The site investigator can decide to withdraw a patient from the study for urgent medical reasons. In order to assess the effects on sustained physical fitness after participation in the mCR programme it was determined that an inclusion of 300 patients per group would be sufficient to examine the aim of this study. This is based on the expected difference in increase in Quality of Life at 12 months between the mCR and matched traditional CR group with an estimated standard deviation of 7 units (Physical component score SF-36 questionnaire) in both groups. The base correlation is expected to be 0.5. Assuming 80% power and 5% two-sided significance level (alpha=0.05), the sample size (n) required to achieve a probability of 80% of detecting a difference in the QoL level between two groups, is n=268 per group. Based on 10% withdrawal or incomplete data, the investigators aim for a group size of n= 300 per group (n=600 in total). In order to find a control group of 300 matched patients, 600 consecutive patients following regular CR will be registered. The investigators expect patients choosing for mCR versus regular CR in a ratio of 1:2. Therefore a total of 900 patients will be included in the study. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05207072
Study type Observational
Source Maastricht University
Contact Vital Houben, MD
Phone 088 - 459 9718
Status Recruiting
Start date December 6, 2021
Completion date December 1, 2023

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