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This trial studies the side effects and how well liposome-encapsulated daunorubicin-cytarabine and gemtuzumab ozogamicin work in treating participants with acute myeloid leukemia that has come back or that does not respond to treatment or high risk myelodysplastic syndrome. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as liposome-encapsulated daunorubicin-cytarabine and gemtuzumab ozogamicin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading.
This Phase IV, multicenter trial is designed to assess the efficacy of prasugrel in preventing the formation of blood clots in Taiwanese patients with ACS who have been treated with PCI.
In this randomized controlled trial, we intend to determine whether electrical pudendal nerve stimulation is more effective than intravesical instillation in urethral pain syndrome.
Extracorporeal shock wave is a novel treatment for peripheral nerve entrapment. This study was designed to compare the efficacy of focused and radial extracorporeal shock wave for carpal tunnel syndrome.
The purpose of this study is to compare clonidine versus phenobarbital as adjunctive therapy in those infants who have failed monotherapy with morphine sulfate for neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS).
The study is aimed to optimized the dose-adjusted regimen of beta-blockers in patients with acute coronary syndrome by investigating therapeutic and curative results of target doses Beta-blockers using the dose-adjusted pathway of beta-blockers.
Coronary artery disease is defined as a disease of the arteries that vascularize the heart, resulting in myocardial ischemia, i.e. insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle. Eventually, it may be responsible for acute coronary syndrome that includes unstable angina (chest pain) and myocardial infarction (necrosis of the heart muscle). The main cause of this disease is atheroma, and management involves reducing modifiable cardiovascular risk factors (sedentary lifestyle, smoking, obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, dyslipidemia). Every year, this disease affects more than 120 000 people in France, aging 65 years on average. In this real public health problem, there is a significant discrepancy between the excellence of the management of the acute incident and the inadequacy of the re-adaptive and educational management of the care suites. In fact, it is noted that hospitalization times are short given the progress of myocardial revascularization, associated with a low intra-hospital mortality rate, 3% but the places in rehabilitation programs ("Soins de Suite et de Réadaptation" or "SSR") are too limited (25% of the patients are included in these programs). Physical rehabilitation has proven effective for decades, with robust evidence of decreased recurrence and mortality (-20%). At the Groupe Hospitalier Mutualiste of Grenoble, France, patients are offered two courses of treatment in post-myocardial infarction: - A therapeutic education program: SCarabée, - A rehabilitation program (SSR) The therapeutic education program aims to help the patient identify his needs, acquire knowledge, strengthen his resources and finally develop with him a project to improve his quality of life. SSR offers physical rehabilitation as a treatment for infarction, which improves cardiovascular function, which is assessed by the cardiorespiratory test. Is the Scarabée therapeutic education program is sufficient to help the patient improve his physical abilities? This study aims to answer this question, by setting up a reinforced monitoring of the evolution of the cardiovascular function of the patients included in the SCArabée program, via cardiorespiratory tests. The results of this first pilot study will potentially lead to a second randomized study comparing therapeutic education associated with Adapted Physical Education versus therapeutic education alone for the improvement of cardiorespiratory functions and the quality of life of these patients.
Whether and to what extent burnout risk is actually higher in surgical specialties than in non-surgical specialties is still unknown. Little is also known about what factors are associated with burnout between surgical residents and non-surgical residents. In this context, the present study has a three-fold aim: 1) to measure the prevalence of burnout among a sample of Italian medical residents; 2) to contrast the prevalence of burnout and psychological distress in surgical residents and non-surgical residents, and 3) to identify the work-related factors associated with burnout between surgical residents and non-surgical residents.
Background: Rounded shoulder posture (RSP), associated with altered scapular kinematics and imbalance of muscle activation, is one of potential risks for shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS) due to alignment deviation of scapula. Evidence showed shoulder brace improved degree of RSP by postural correction. However, it is unknown whether shoulder brace with different characteristics (tension and direction) is optimal for muscle activation and scapular kinematics in patients with SIS and RSP. Objective: There are 4 objectives for the present study: (1) to investigate the relationships among degree of RSP, scapular kinematics and muscle activation in SIS patients with RSP; (2) to compare the effect of shoulder brace on degree of RSP, muscle balance ratios (Upper trapezius/Lower trapezius, Upper trapezius/ Serratus anterior) and scapular kinematics (upward/downward rotation, anterior/posterior tilt, external/internal rotation) during arm movements; (3) to compare the effect of two tensions of brace strap (self-comfortable and forced tension) in symptomatic impingement patients with RSP; (4) to compare the effect of two types of direction of strap (paraspinal muscle and diagonal orientation) in symptomatic impingement patients with RSP. Design: Patients with SIS and RSP will be recruited in this study. Participants will be randomly assigned into 2 groups (self-comfortable following forced tension and forced following self-comfortable tension groups) with 2 directions of strap in each tension wearing shoulder brace. Each patient has the assessment 2 times with 1-week interval. Pectoralis minor, acromial distance, scapular index and shoulder angle will be used to assess degree of RSP. Three-dimensional electromagnetic motion analysis and electromyography muscle activity will be used to record the scapular kinematic, absolute muscle activation and muscular balance ratios during arm movements with or without shoulder brace. Main outcome measures: Scapula kinematic (upward/downward rotation, anterior/posterior tilt, external/internal rotation), absolute muscle activation (Upper trapezius, Middle Trapezius, Lower trapezius, Serratus anterior) and muscle balance ratios (Upper trapezius/Lower trapezius, Upper trapezius/Serratus anterior) are main outcomes of the study.
The present study aimed to evaluate and compare the efficacy of a 1 month clinical trial of 50% AS for the treatment of severe dry eye syndrom (DES) based on Schirmer's Test, tear break-up time (TBUT), fluorescein staining, and ocular surface disease index (OSDI) scores, as compared to conventional preservative-free artificial tears (PFAT) plus 0.05% COE treatment in patients with severe DES