View clinical trials related to Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.Filter by:
The purpose of this study is to understand the experience of living with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) as an active duty Service Woman. As part of a budding research program, this proposed study will lay the groundwork for future intervention studies targeting the management of PCOS in a military population.
This study is a randomized controlled clinical trial to compare the pregnancy outcomes of mild and minimal stimulation in infertile women with polycystic ovarian syndrome. The study population consisted of all infertile women with polycystic ovary syndrome based on Rotterdam criteria who have not succeed to achieve fertility despite multiple treatments such as drug therapy, laparoscopic surgery, and the frequent failure of induction therapy using gonadotropins and are now candidate for in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intra cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan institute, Tehran Iran.
Women with at least one uterine leiomyoma and polycystic ovary syndrome over 10 mm and women with normal ultrasonographic findings were included in the study. Blood samples were taken for biochemical analysis such as vitamin D, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), hemoglobin (hb), hematocrit (htc), platelet (plt), and albumin. The study groups were compared in terms of these biochemical markers and family history of patients, daily sunshine hours, clothing preferences and education level.
evaluation of the potential role of circulating Nesfatin-1 and Nicotinamide in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. and detection the correlation between Nesfatin-1 and body mass index (BMI), Waist hip ratio (WHR), blood glucose, insulin, insulin resistance, lipid profiles, prolactin, LH, FSH, estrogen, progesterone, testosterone and dopamine.
To determine if Inositol, a dietary supplement, will improve ovarian and adrenal androgen excess in women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome(PCOS).
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has a significant impact on women's health, but its pathogenesis is not yet clear. Dysbiosis of gut microbiota may play a role in the pathological change of PCOS. Most of the current researches are still limited to the use of amplicon sequencing to compare the basic taxonomic differences of gut microbiota between PCOS patients and normal controls. Overall analysis of microbiome species, genes, function, metabolism, and immunity in PCOS is still lacked. In this research, we would perform metagenomic sequencing to find the characteristics of gut microbiota of PCOS and to explore their correlations with metabolic, immune, and clinical symptoms. Finally, different interventions (lifestyle interventions, lifestyle interventions + oral probiotic, lifestyle interventions+ compound oral contraceptives) would be used to explore the change of gut microbiome in PCOS patients. This research will not only help the understanding of the pathophysiology of PCOS, but also provide a reference for the selection of clinical treatment options.
Reproduction requires from women enough energy depots to warrant an adequate nutritional supply to the fetus. Hence, adipose tissue is able to communicate with female hypothalamic-pituitary-ovary axis. The hypothesis of the project is that abnormalities in the quantity (absolute and relative to lean body mass), distribution and/or function of adipose tissue are associated with functional forms of female gonadal dysfunction in predisposed women, in a spectrum of anomalies that go from hypothalamic amenorrhea to the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). To challenge this hypothesis, the investigators will study 5 groups of 10 women each: women with exercise-associated hypothalamic amenorrhea, women without ovulatory dysfunction that exercise equally, non-hyperandrogenic patients with PCOS, hyperandrogenic patients with PCOS, and healthy control women comparable to those with PCOS. The aims of the study will be: Primary objective: To identify novel signalling factors originating from adipose tissue and muscle using targeted and nontargeted evaluation of the proteome and of gene expression of superficial subcutaneous fat, deep subcutaneous fat (which mimics visceral adipose tissue) and skeletal muscle. Secondary objectives: 1. To study the serum adipokine profile - including those identified by the primary objective - and circulating gut hormones during fasting and after a glucose load in the 5 groups of women, and their associations with sexual hormones and body fat distribution. 2. To study body composition and body fat distribution in these women and their relationships with: 2.1, Sex steroid profiles. 2.2. Classic cardiovascular risk factors: carbohydrate metabolism, lipid profiles and blood pressure. 2.3 Markers of low-grade chronic inflammation. 2.4. Oxidative stress markers. 2.5. Cardiovascular autonomic function. 2.6. Surrogate markers of subclinical atherosclerosis. 2.7. Circulating concentrations of endocrine disruptors. 2.8. Oral and gut microbiome. The results will provide a better understanding of the mechanisms linking body energy depots with the female reproductive axis and, hopefully, the identification of potential biomarkers for the diagnosis and treatment of the disorders studied here.
Ninety women with PCOS candidate for ICSI were randomized to 2 groups:Group A: fresh samples of PCOS patients undergoing IVF (no= 45) and Group B: frozen samples of PCOS patients undergoing IVF (no= 45). Morphologically good embryos will be cultured in a culture dish and the supernatants will be collected freshly from culture system at day 3 and stored at -20 ̊ c until being tested. Morphologically good embryos scheduled for freezing will be cryopreserved for less than one year and thawed, the supernatant will be collected and stored at -20 ̊ c until being tested. Quantification of mtDNA in fresh and frozen culture media using qPCR technique.The template DNA prepared and the dilution standards prepared will be used for qPCR to determine the amount of MtDNA and nuclear DNA in the sample using QuantiTect SYBR Green PCR Kit
polycystic ovary syndrome is a common gynecological problem
The mainstay treatment for females with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) has long been a combination of an oral contraceptive pill or OCP (containing both estrogen and progestin) along with an anti-androgen medication (such as Spironolactone) to not only prevent chronic anovulation but also suppress elevated testosterone levels and its clinical effects on the body. While there are multiple OCPs available on the market today and several studies that look at different progestins and their anti-androgenicity, not much is known about whether the length of active pills in OCP therapy (3 weeks versus 6 months) has any further benefit in continued suppression of testosterone and subsequently improvement in clinical findings of hyperandrogenism in the PCOS population. In this pilot randomized open label clinical trial, females between the ages of 16 and 35 years diagnosed with PCOS based on the Rotterdam Criteria, and not currently on medical therapy with an OCP will be enrolled in the study and randomized to either a continuous 6 month OCP or cyclical 21 day active OCP therapy. Our aim is to conduct a pilot randomized clinical trial to determine the effect of 6 months of active monophasic OCPs on testosterone levels and cutaneous findings of hyperandrogenism (hirsutism and acne) as compared to a traditional 21 day active/7 day placebo OCP in women with PCOS. These findings will be compared over a 6 month period.