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The primary objective of the trial is to establish the effectiveness of IAT (versus medical management) in patients with moderate-large infarcts (NCCT ASPECTS 2-5) at baseline, with adaptive enrichment to better define the upper limit of infarct volume for treatment eligibility. Furthermore, the investigators aim to determine whether certain subgroups of patients with large baseline infarcts will have a greater treatment benefit. Finally, the investigators will assess the agreement of ASPECTS scores between site investigators, the core imaging lab, and automated software.
To assess safety of single IV (bolus + infusion) doses of ACT017 in patients with an acute ischemic stroke in addition to best emergency standard of care (including fibrinolysis by rtPA with or without added thrombectomy), with a specific focus on hemorrhage, whether clinically symptomatic (NIHSS score + 4 points or death, without other explanation), or seen (excluding other diagnoses) on 24-hour (hr) CT scan, serious adverse events (SAEs), suspected unexpected serious adverse reactions (SUSARs), and medically important events and other safety items including biological and immunological tolerability.
The overall goal of this program of research is to develop and systematically evaluate an integrated smartphone and web-based intervention (HEARTPA♀N) to provide evidence-informed symptom triage and self-management support to reduce pain and increase health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in women with cardiac pain. The investigators will use the individual and family self-management theory, mobile device functionality and the pervasive information architecture of mHealth interventions, and follow the sequential phased approach recommended by the Medical Research Council (MRC) to develop HEARTPA♀N. Funding was received from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research to develop the HEARTPA♀N architecture and conduct usability testing (Phase 2, current proposal) to ensure it is easy to use, efficient and satisfying to operate. In Phase 3 (current proposal), feasibility in terms of implementation (accrual rates, acceptability and level of engagement) and initial estimation of effectiveness outcomes (estimates of magnitude of effect) will be evaluated in a pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT). The Phase 3 pilot study will enable the investigators to refine the prototype, inform the methodology, and calculate the sample size for a larger multi-site RCT (Phase 4, future work).
The fascia iliaca block (FIB) is an anterior approach to block the lumbar plexus. It disturbed mainly to the anterior region of the thigh by blocking the femoral nerve (LFC) and the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve. Moreover, FIB may possibly be extended to the obturator, ilioinguinal, genitofemoral, lateral cutaneous nerve of the thigh and over the psoas muscle but, rarely reaches the lumbar plexus. The fascia iliaca compartment could be detected by bony landmarks palpation and the loss of resistance technique. Feeling two tactile ''pops'' due to loss of resistance occurred during the needle passage through the fascia lata and the fascia iliaca. Ultrasound (US) guidance of FIB will increase the success rate and the efficacy of sensory blockade by decreasing the needed local anesthetic amount.
The study will investigate whether a new high resolution heart Magnetic Resonance Imaging scan, combining assessment of ischemia and viability by perfusion and Late Gadolinium Enhancement -Cardiac Magnetic Resonance is superior to Late Gadolinium Enhacement imaging alone in predicting functional recovery following revascularisation.
This is a pilot randomised control trial to assess the safety, compliance, and acceptability of delivering a 6-week programme of remote ischaemic conditioning (RIC) to stroke patients suffering with fatigue, and study feasibility. A minimum of 34 patients who have suffered an ischeamic or haemorrhagic stroke and who suffer from fatigue, will be recruited and randomised to receive a 6-week programme of either RIC or a sham intervention.
Evolocumab has been able to reduce the incidence of cardiovascular events in patients that had at least one cardiovascular risk factor . In patients with chronic HFrEF, as we mentioned before, treatment with statins is not recommended as it has not shown benefits in improving its prognosis. However, CAD control stands as an approach that could improve the course of the disease by preventing microlesions that further weaken the heart. A recent multicenter study, the BIOSTAT-CHF , was performed to determine whether the PCSK9-LDLR axis could predict risk in patients with HF. A multivariate analysis, which included BIOSTAT risk scores, LDLR, and statin treatment as covariates, revealed a positive linear association between PCSK9 levels and the risk of mortality and the composite endpoint (death or HF-related hospitalization). A similar analysis for LDLR revealed a negative association with mortality and the composite endpoint. Future studies must assess whether PCSK9 inhibition will result in better outcomes in HF. There is an unmet clinical need: blockade of the neurohormonal activation has provided advances in patients with HFrEF, yet mortality and morbidity remain unacceptably high. Approaching a strict control of lipid levels and CAD with evolocumab in stable HFrEF of ischemic ethology may represent a complementary pathophysiological pathway to reduce mortality and morbidity. The burden of CAD provides a solid rationale for testing the value of evolocumab in HF patients. Therefore, a pilot trial is proposed to evaluate the beneficial effect of evolocumab by surrogate biological markers before considering an event analysis study. Evolocumab reduces the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with established atherosclerotic disease, so this drug could play a role in HFrEF of ischemic etiology, by limiting macro- and micro-vascular coronary disease progression. In HFrEF patients due to ischemic etiology, there is a continuous troponin release due to persistent myocyte injury, which has been associated with adverse outcomes. Our hypothesis is that evolocumab may have the potential to reduce circulating hs-TnT levels, as a surrogate of myocyte injury due to atheroma progression in HFrEF. A positive result in this EVO-HF Pilot study may lead to the set-up of a large-scale multicenter prospective and randomized events study analyzing the role of lipid-lowering treatment by means of evolocumab in HFrEF of ischemic etiology
Despite numerous kinds of evidence on functional health and CNS protection of intermittent fasting after injuries were found in many brain-, and spinal cord-damaged animal models, there has yet to be any clinical study of intermittent fasting after acute ischemic cerebral infarction. The aim of this study is to evaluate the neurological, functional and clinical efficacy of intermittent fasting in patients after acute ischemic stroke.
Coexistence of Cerebral and Coronary Atherosclerosis in Acute Ischemic Cerebrovascular Disease Patients Registry (CoCCA) is a single-center observational registry of patients hospitalized for acute ischemic cerebrovascular disease (AICVD) with atherosclerotic changes in both cerebral and coronary arteries. This registry aims to establish quantified risk stratification and prognostic models, as well as suggest effective diagnostic and therapeutic strategies.
To date, no transplant has allowed pregnancy from a donor in a state of brain death. One of the main reservations lies in the ischemic properties of the uterine graft between the sampling time and the grafting time. Investigators propose to carry out a prospective monocentric study at the University Hospitals of Strasbourg in 2018/2019: the objective would be to study physiologically the time of ischemia of the uterine muscle The objective is to carry out a preparatory study on healthy uteri to study the ischemic properties of uterine muscle from living markers: study of mitochondrial respiration and free radical production on uterine muscle samples If the markers are reliable, they would then be used to measure the ischemia of whole uteri collected at the end of the multi-organ retrieval process from donors in a state of brain death and stored in tissue survival media.