View clinical trials related to HIV.Filter by:
Background: There are many people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in Liberia. Most experts consider HIV an epidemic there. Researchers want to collect health data from Liberians with HIV over several years. This may help HIV prevention and treatment programs in Liberia. Objective: To learn more about how HIV affects people in Liberia. Eligibility: People with HIV in Liberia Design: Participants will be screened with a blood sample. Participants will visit the study clinic about 10 times over 3 years. They will need to return to the clinic after some visits to get test results. The visits will be closer together during the first part of the study and less frequent later. At each study visit, participants will: - Have a brief physical exam - Answer questions about how they are feeling and what medicines they are taking - Have blood taken from an arm vein by a needle - Give urine samples Participants ages 12 years or older may be asked questions about HIV risk behaviors. These include sex practices and drug use. Participants ages 18 years or older may be asked how their HIV infection makes them feel emotionally. Participants may be asked to join a research substudy. This will be about tuberculosis (TB) testing in people with HIV. For this substudy, participants will have a TB skin test. A small amount of liquid will be injected under the skin on the arm. Participants will return to the clinic a few days later. The test area will be checked. They will get their test results.
This is a phase III, multicenter, open-label, single-arm study of 190 virologically suppressed HIV-infected adults
This is a cluster randomized trial to determine whether a package of care including rapid antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation, as compared to standard ART initiation, improves mortality, retention in care and viral suppression among treatment naive people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Nepal. Package of care includes immediate screening and treatment of opportunistic infections (OIs), rapid ART initiation and enhanced retention in care using mobile health (mHealth) and weekly/biweekly home-based adherence/ retention support linked to community care centre. Standard of care includes screening and management of common OIs, baseline assessment (CD4, viral load and other tests), antiretroviral drugs and ART follow up.
Emerging data suggest that HIV-infected people have disproportionately higher risk of diabetes than HIV-uninfected people. Multiple factors may contribute to elevated diabetes risk including increased prevalence of conventional non-communicable diseases (NCDs) risk factors, use of some antiretroviral drugs regimens, and inflammation and immune activation secondary to environmental- and HIV-enteropathy. To date, enteropathy has been little studied in relation to HIV and diabetes in Sub-Saharan Africa. Enteropathy leads to systemic inflammation which may in turn result in insulin resistance and may reduce secretion of incretins, the gut hormones which stimulate synthesis and secretion of insulin. Both mechanisms could potentially result in higher diabetes risk in HIV patients. This study investigates the hypothesis that among HIV-infected patients environmental enteropathy increase the risk of diabetes. The findings of this study will provide information which could be used as a basis for developing clinical trials to address different aspects of environmental enteropathy in order to reduce the burden of diabetes among HIV-infected populations
This pilot study will examine the effect of a mobile health text messaging platform linked to a digital physical activity tracker on physical activity among persons living with HIV and frailty.
The goal of this proposal is to use a theoretically grounded approach to culturally-tailor a stigma intervention among just identified, pregnant HIV+ women in Botswana. This project will use empirically tested stigma interventions that have shown efficacy for serious mental illness and to adapt these to HIV. Additionally, a novel component of this intervention is the utilization of peers (i.e., mothers with HIV), which has been shown to be an effective stigma reduction agent for other conditions but has not yet been widely used with HIV. The investigators propose to leverage this middle-income context to conduct a Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) with HIV+ women (n=100 intervention group, n=100 control group). The investigators examine the stigma intervention for outcomes among mothers (including adherence to Antiretroviral therapy [ART] and antenatal treatment), and conduct exploratory birth outcomes among infants (e.g., birth weight, time of delivery) as well. Capacity building activities to transfer stigma intervention knowledge will occur throughout the project to enable investigators in Botswana to independently develop stigma interventions, thus serving as a model for other African countries. Finally, this pilot intervention will provide valuable data for future intervention trials to reduce stigma and improve ART adherence.
The term "CHEMSEX", short for "chemicals" and "sex", is used to define the consumption, regardless of the route of administration, of drugs or substances for recreational use, in a sexual context. No published data is currently available concerning this practice in Reunion Island. However, an upsurge in cases of acute hepatitis C was observed at the end of 2016 (4 in 6 months) of which 3 were related to the practice of chemsex (data CeGGID Réunion) and the recent years have been marked by many cases related to drug trafficking and the arrival of substances still unknown on the island. Given the rapid emergence of the phenomenon in metropolitan France and in the rest of the world, serious consequences that are both psychological, addictological and infectious, to take stock of this practice among MSM patients followed in Reunion Island seems essential. to establish a rapid, adequate and effective prevention and action plan.
Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among people living with HIV. Recent studies have demonstrated that patients with HIV experience a 50-100% increased risk of myocardial infarction and stroke compared to HIV-uninfected persons. They also face higher risks of stroke, sudden death, and heart failure. However, evidence-based statin therapy—which is safe in this population and highly effective at reducing cardiovascular risk—is under-prescribed. The investigators propose a multi-level intervention to increase evidence-based statin prescribing by addressing barriers at these levels. The implementation intervention includes two strategies: (1) tailored education at the leadership, provider, and patient levels, and (2) behavioral economics-informed feedback for providers.
This study aims to evaluate the immunogenicity, safety and tolerability of co-administration of vaccinations for meningitis B (Bexsero®) and meningitis ACWY (Menveo®) in adults and children aged 10-45 years living with HIV. All participants will be vaccinated with both Menveo® and Bexsero® on days 0 and 30. Immunogenicity will be determined on venous blood sampled at days 0 and 60. Adverse effects will be recorded to evaluate safety.
To determine the efficacy of an algorithm designed to recommend smoking cessation-related pharmacotherapy options to the primary care providers of smokers living with HIV/AIDS.