View clinical trials related to HIV.Filter by:
Background: There are many people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in Liberia. Most experts consider HIV an epidemic there. Researchers want to collect health data from Liberians with HIV over several years. This may help HIV prevention and treatment programs in Liberia. Objective: To learn more about how HIV affects people in Liberia. Eligibility: People with HIV in Liberia Design: Participants will be screened with a blood sample. Participants will visit the study clinic about 10 times over 3 years. They will need to return to the clinic after some visits to get test results. The visits will be closer together during the first part of the study and less frequent later. At each study visit, participants will: - Have a brief physical exam - Answer questions about how they are feeling and what medicines they are taking - Have blood taken from an arm vein by a needle - Give urine samples Participants ages 12 years or older may be asked questions about HIV risk behaviors. These include sex practices and drug use. Participants ages 18 years or older may be asked how their HIV infection makes them feel emotionally. Participants may be asked to join a research substudy. This will be about tuberculosis (TB) testing in people with HIV. For this substudy, participants will have a TB skin test. A small amount of liquid will be injected under the skin on the arm. Participants will return to the clinic a few days later. The test area will be checked. They will get their test results.
This is a cluster randomized trial to determine whether a package of care including rapid antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation, as compared to standard ART initiation, improves mortality, retention in care and viral suppression among treatment naive people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Nepal. Package of care includes immediate screening and treatment of opportunistic infections (OIs), rapid ART initiation and enhanced retention in care using mobile health (mHealth) and weekly/biweekly home-based adherence/ retention support linked to community care centre. Standard of care includes screening and management of common OIs, baseline assessment (CD4, viral load and other tests), antiretroviral drugs and ART follow up.
INA-PROACTIVE is a multicenter, prospective, observational cohort study of HIV positive antiretroviral-naïve and treatment-experienced individuals. No investigational treatment or intervention will be used by this study. All participants will be managed according to the Indonesian HIV/AIDS Treatment Guideline and/or the Standard of Care (SoC) in local clinical setting, with the addition of rapid HIV viral load, CD4 cell count and syphilis testing.
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection can be treated, but therapy is usually lifelong and has side effects, so a cure for HBV is a critical endpoint. This study examines the key steps to HBV cure in the setting of HIV-HBV co-infection, where rates of development of antibodies against HBV after starting HBV treatment are higher than in people with HBV alone starting treatment. In Asia both HBV and HIV are common so this provides a unique opportunity to study HBV. We will investigate how an effective immune response against the two main HBV proteins is developed. If we can understand how the immune response works against HBV, this could be used to develop new therapies towards a cure for HBV
In New York, the achievement of 90-90-90 goals is jeopardized not by limited access to affordable care and treatment, but by persistent disparities in HIV viral suppression (VS). Complex behavioral and structural barriers to achieving and maintaining VS require coordinated, combination approaches to meet medical and social service needs. In 2009, at 28 Ryan White Part A (RWPA)-funded agencies, the New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) launched a multi-component HIV Care Coordination Program (CCP) directed toward the most vulnerable, high-need persons living with HIV (PLWH) in NYC. A systematic CCP effectiveness study began in 2013 (R01 MH101028; PIs: Irvine, Nash). Findings to date suggest that the CCP is superior to usual care for high-need subgroups of PLWH, but there remains substantial room for improvement in short- and long-term VS. In an immediate evidence-to-practice feedback loop, the DOHMH is implementing a refined CCP model in 2018. Greater focusing, tailoring and cues for delivery of key components are expected to increase CCP engagement, reach, fidelity, scalability, effectiveness and impact. The aim of the proposed study is to estimate the effect of the revised (vs. original) CCP on timely VS (within 4 months of enrollment), using experimental methods.
This cluster-randomized trial aims to evaluate the efficacy of the use of oral HIV self-testing (HIVST) among individuals who are absent or who decline HIV testing during home-based HIV testing
Randomized, placebo-controlled trial of the effect of 84 days of daily iron supplementation on iron status, gut microbiome profile, infectious disease frequency, and HIV disease severity in moderately anemic [hemoglobin 9 - <11 g/dL (6-59 mo); hemoglobin 9 - < 11.5 g/dL (5 -12 years)], HIV-infected Ugandan children between the ages of 6 mos and 12 years.
The purpose of this research study is to look at the brain's efficiency and ability to make up for deficits in the front of the brain to see if people living with HIV (PLWH) are still able to perform well on various cognitive tasks even though there are other underlying processes at work, like inflammation, that affect the brain in a negative way. Results of this study may provide insight into the pathophysiology of disease and may reveal arenas for future possible interventions in PLWH who have impaired neuropsychological performance.
Cross-sectional study of patients consulting in the emergency room of the Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM), to assess the implementation of an "opt-out" screening program for HIV and HCV and prospective follow-up for 3 months of positive cases.
This is an observational retrospective cohort in real world to describe RAL data, including NUC-sparing regimens, in aged HIV patients. It is a phase IV study. 90 patients will be enrolled from the Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases of "Sapienza" University of Rome. In this retrospective analysis all naïve patients on raltegravir-based regimens and all patients switched to raltegravir-based regimens will be considered.