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This study aims to establish the causal impact of two interventions - micro-incentives and a male-sensitive HIV- specific decision support app - on population-level HIV viral load and HIV-related mortality in men, as well as on population-based HIV incidence in young women.
The purpose of this study is to test the feasibility of writing interventions specifically designed for lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) emerging adults (ages 18-29) that are aimed at improving the outcomes: depression, suicidality, substance abuse and HIV risk behaviors.
Background: There are many people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in Liberia. Most experts consider HIV an epidemic there. Researchers want to collect health data from Liberians with HIV over several years. This may help HIV prevention and treatment programs in Liberia. Objective: To learn more about how HIV affects people in Liberia. Eligibility: People with HIV in Liberia Design: Participants will be screened with a blood sample. Participants will visit the study clinic about 10 times over 3 years. They will need to return to the clinic after some visits to get test results. The visits will be closer together during the first part of the study and less frequent later. At each study visit, participants will: - Have a brief physical exam - Answer questions about how they are feeling and what medicines they are taking - Have blood taken from an arm vein by a needle - Give urine samples Participants ages 12 years or older may be asked questions about HIV risk behaviors. These include sex practices and drug use. Participants ages 18 years or older may be asked how their HIV infection makes them feel emotionally. Participants may be asked to join a research substudy. This will be about tuberculosis (TB) testing in people with HIV. For this substudy, participants will have a TB skin test. A small amount of liquid will be injected under the skin on the arm. Participants will return to the clinic a few days later. The test area will be checked. They will get their test results.
This is a cluster randomized trial to determine whether a package of care including rapid antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation, as compared to standard ART initiation, improves mortality, retention in care and viral suppression among treatment naive people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Nepal. Package of care includes immediate screening and treatment of opportunistic infections (OIs), rapid ART initiation and enhanced retention in care using mobile health (mHealth) and weekly/biweekly home-based adherence/ retention support linked to community care centre. Standard of care includes screening and management of common OIs, baseline assessment (CD4, viral load and other tests), antiretroviral drugs and ART follow up.
INA-PROACTIVE is a multicenter, prospective, observational cohort study of HIV positive antiretroviral-naïve and treatment-experienced individuals. No investigational treatment or intervention will be used by this study. All participants will be managed according to the Indonesian HIV/AIDS Treatment Guideline and/or the Standard of Care (SoC) in local clinical setting, with the addition of rapid HIV viral load, CD4 cell count and syphilis testing.
Bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (B/F/TAF) is a single pill regimen that was approved by the FDA in February 2018 for treatment of HIV. The marketed name of the drug is Biktarvy. In two phase 3 comparative clinical trials, including one with ABC/3TC/DTG, it was found to be non-inferior to dolutegravir-containing regimens in terms of virologic outcomes. B/F/TAF was also well tolerated, with few discontinuations for adverse events. As a result, B/F/TAF is an ideal non-abacavir containing regimen to assess the effect of removing ABC on coronary flow reserve.
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection can be treated, but therapy is usually lifelong and has side effects, so a cure for HBV is a critical endpoint. This study examines the key steps to HBV cure in the setting of HIV-HBV co-infection, where rates of development of antibodies against HBV after starting HBV treatment are higher than in people with HBV alone starting treatment. In Asia both HBV and HIV are common so this provides a unique opportunity to study HBV. We will investigate how an effective immune response against the two main HBV proteins is developed. If we can understand how the immune response works against HBV, this could be used to develop new therapies towards a cure for HBV
In New York, the achievement of 90-90-90 goals is jeopardized not by limited access to affordable care and treatment, but by persistent disparities in HIV viral suppression (VS). Complex behavioral and structural barriers to achieving and maintaining VS require coordinated, combination approaches to meet medical and social service needs. In 2009, at 28 Ryan White Part A (RWPA)-funded agencies, the New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) launched a multi-component HIV Care Coordination Program (CCP) directed toward the most vulnerable, high-need persons living with HIV (PLWH) in NYC. A systematic CCP effectiveness study began in 2013 (R01 MH101028; PIs: Irvine, Nash). Findings to date suggest that the CCP is superior to usual care for high-need subgroups of PLWH, but there remains substantial room for improvement in short- and long-term VS. In an immediate evidence-to-practice feedback loop, the DOHMH is implementing a refined CCP model in 2018. Greater focusing, tailoring and cues for delivery of key components are expected to increase CCP engagement, reach, fidelity, scalability, effectiveness and impact. The aim of the proposed study is to estimate the effect of the revised (vs. original) CCP on timely VS (within 4 months of enrollment), using experimental methods.
This cluster-randomized trial aims to evaluate the efficacy of the use of oral HIV self-testing (HIVST) among individuals who are absent or who decline HIV testing during home-based HIV testing
Randomized, placebo-controlled trial of the effect of 84 days of daily iron supplementation on iron status, gut microbiome profile, infectious disease frequency, and HIV disease severity in moderately anemic [hemoglobin 9 - <11 g/dL (6-59 mo); hemoglobin 9 - < 11.5 g/dL (5 -12 years)], HIV-infected Ugandan children between the ages of 6 mos and 12 years.