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This study will evaluate the pharmacodynamic (PD), safety, antitumor activity, and PK of eFT508 in female subjects who have pathologically documented, radiographically measurable, metastatic or locally advanced and unresectable TNBC and have received prior cancer therapy regimen for metastatic disease, and in male and female subjects who have histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced HCC not amenable to surgical resection and have failed systemic therapy.
This project involves the collection and analysis of retrospective and prospective data on patients diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in which the Surefire Precision Infusion System was used/will used be to deliver transarterial chemoembolization with doxorubicin-eluting beads (DEB-TACE). The purpose is to compare tumor and medical response in a real-world setting as well as identify potential areas for future clinical research.
In light of this new technology and preliminary findings of low toxicity of online, adaptive, magnetic resonance (M)-guided stereotactic radiation on a single arm prospective study, the investigators propose to compare this technique to online MR-guided stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) without adaptation. Online plan adaptation increases treatment times for patients and comprises an increased burden on technical and clinical staff. Although preliminary trial results are encouraging, it remains unclear if the dosimetric benefits of online-adaptive planning studies will translate to measurable improvements in clinical outcomes that merit its routine use. In our preliminary study, plan adaptation was most often required when tumors were adjacent to the gastrointestinal tract (the esophagus to the sigmoid colon), as those structures were most commonly the dose-limiting structures and were noted to change in location on a day-to-day basis. For these reasons, abdominal disease sites have historically highlighted the limitations of SBRT. Specifically, the investigators will enroll patients with oligometastatic or unresectable primary disease of the non-liver abdomen to a randomized, prospective trial. Patients will be randomized to one of two treatment arms, in which they will receive either online-adaptive, MRI-guided SBRT or non-adaptive MRI-guided SBRT. Both patient groups will undergo MRI simulation and MRI treatment localization with online MR monitoring and/or gating. All patients will be treated in five fractions over one to two weeks. By adhering to strict normal tissue constraints, the investigators expect toxicity to be within the current standard of care for the non-adaptive arm, with reduction in toxicity in the arm of patients who undergo adaptation based on daily anatomic changes.
The aim of the current study is to study the safety and effectiveness of TACE using a high dose of cisplatin for treatment of HCC. It is hypothesized that the formulation is safe and it improves the therapeutic effect of conventional TACE.
The study demonstrated that either statin or metformin served as notable use in reducing the incidence of many cancers.
Patients enrolled in this study have been diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and are scheduled to have a procedure called drug-eluting bead trans-arterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE). During the DEB-TACE procedure, very small beads are mixed in with a chemotherapy drug, doxorubicin, and delivered to the tumor through an arterial catheter. The DEB-TACE procedure allows the treatment to be delivered directly into the liver. It also causes arterial embolization, the process in which a blood vessel is blocked. Treatment of HCC using DEB-TACE may help delay tumor progression and can downstage (decrease the size) the cancer in order to meet the criteria which may allow patients to become candidates for liver transplantation. The purpose of this study is to compare tumor response and medical outcomes for patients who undergo DEB-TACE with standard endhole catheter versus Surefire® Infusion System.
This single-center, prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) is designed to compare the outcomes and clinicopathologic results of trans arterial embolization (TAE) and microwave ablation (MWA) combination therapy with MWA monotherapy for the treatment of early (stages 0 and A) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The primary aim of this study is to test the following hypothesis: 2-year intrahepatic disease-free survival does not differ between patients receiving the experimental therapy (MWA + TAE) and patients receiving the standard therapy (MWA alone) as treatment for early stage HCC. Secondary aims are: 1) to determine the clinical feasibility of TAE + MWA in HCC patients with a small tumor burden using patient demographics and disease characteristic data and 2) to determine the effect of TAE on radiographic tumor characteristics in this patient cohort.
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer worldwide with an incidence of 500 000 cases per year. HCC most commonly appears in a context of liver chronic disease (patient with chronic viral hepatitis (hepatitis B or hepatitis C) or with cirrhosis). Surgical resection and liver transplantation concern patients with early stage and are the only curative treatments. Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization, Radiation Therapy and antiangiogenics treatments concern patients with inoperable lesions (palliative treatments). Antiangiogenic treatments enable to inhibit the angiogenesis process and thus interrupt the blood supply to the tumor. In clinical practice, the efficacy of anti-angiogenic agents is usually assessed by methods based on morphological medical imaging. The measures of each target lesion are obtained by Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumor (RECIST) criteria and WHO. However, these morphological measures are not fully evaluated. An alternative to these is the functional medical imaging which assess changes before that a diminution of tumor size is detectable. Since these treatments induce generally necrosis without modification of initial tumor size, the new technologies of functional medical imaging are particularly adapted to an early evaluation of the response to treatments which may improve patient management. In this context, liver Perfusion MRI needs to be assessed in its capacities to early predict the response of antiangiogenic treatments. Positive results will enable to adapt therapy in order to improve overall survival of patients and avoid expensive treatments which may turn out to be inefficient and generating important side-effects.
It is thought that PET of the abdomen with 11C Acetate will provide new information regarding whether or not patient's have benefited from radiotherapy. To test this theory, the project will evaluate the potential of 11C acetate to serve as an earlier and/or better signal of treatment success.
This is a prospective, multicenter study that will be conducted at up to 40 centers in the United States and Outside United States (OUS). Participants in the study will be randomly assigned to receive either ONCO-DOX or sorafenib treatment. This study will evaluate the study participants' outcomes (medical condition) after being treated with ONCO-DOX and compare it to those treated with sorafenib alone.