View clinical trials related to Hepatocellular Carcinoma.Filter by:
The primary objective of the study is to evaluate the clinical activity of neoadjuvant cemiplimab therapy in patients with resectable Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) lesions, as measured by pathological evaluations of resected tumors. The secondary objectives of the study are: - To assess the anti-tumor activity of neoadjuvant and adjuvant cemiplimab therapy as defined by multiple criteria - To determine the safety and tolerability of neoadjuvant and adjuvant cemiplimab therapy including delay to surgery - To assess the change in tumor-infiltrating CD8 T-cell density and to explore the correlation to the pathological response to therapy
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide. TBI 302 is being developed for the treatment of inoperable HCC by intravenous infusion. The objective is to determine the safety and tolerability of TBI 3002.
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common cause of cancer death among men. While several new treatment options have recently become available, they are costly and have a potential for significant, adverse side effects. Many patients diagnosed with HCC also suffer from underlying liver disease, including cirrhosis. As many as 80-90% of patients diagnosed with HCC also have cirrhosis. Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) in cirrhosis is as high as 65-90% and significantly increases the risk of morbidity and mortality as well as decreased quality of life. Branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) supplementation has been extensively studied for usefulness in liver disease, specifically to treat hepatic encephalopathy to and preserve and restore muscle mass. Maintenance of liver function and prevention of PEM are essential for improving outcomes in patients with HCC. Branched-chain amino acid supplementation in HCC has been studied extensively in China & Japan with multiple studies showing improvements in liver function, progression-free survival, and overall survival. Additionally, patients in treatment groups have shown improvement in quality of life indicators. However, these results have yet to be replicated in the United States. Branched-chain amino acid supplementation may be a safe, low-cost approach to improve survival, liver function indicators, and quality of life for patients diagnosed with HCC. In this study, patients with primary HCC will be randomized to either a treatment group, which will receive standard of care and BCAA supplement or to a control group which will receive standard of care and a maltodextrin placebo. Both groups will receive liver-directed therapy including transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and thermal ablation. All patients will complete a quality of life survey (FACT-Hep) at each visit.
It is estimated that over 50% of HCC cases worldwide are related to chronic HBV. There are approximately 350-400 million people across the world infected with HBV, the majority reside in or originate from Asia. Each year HBV accounts for 749,000 new cases of HCC and 692,000 HCC-related deaths. The annual incidence of HCC is estimated to be <1% for non-cirrhotic HBV infected patients and 2-3% for those with cirrhosis. While the most approved nucleos(t)ide analogues (NA) suppress HBV replication through inhibition of HBV‐DNA polymerase and are reported to reduce the risk of HCC incidence, however, such risk is not completely eliminated under NA treatment. The recent availability of commercial quantitative assays of serum hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) has enabled quantitative HBsAg to be used as a biomarker for prognosis and treatment response in CHB. It has been suggested that HBsAg decline during lamivudine or entecavir therapy is slower and less pronounced compared to interferon treatment, despite a higher effect on HBV DNA suppression. Based on HBsAg kinetics, it has been estimated that the predicted median time to HBsAg loss in patients treated with lamivudine or entecavir is more than 30 years. Thus, treatment that can induce rapid decline of HBsAg would have clear advantage in reducing the treatment duration required to achieve HBsAg-loss. Interestingly, in a recent preliminary study, 12-weeks of treatment with nivolumab has showed the modest effect on HBsAg decline in HBeAg negative CHB patients. Thus, in this clinical trial, the investigator will investigate whether immune checkpoint therapy is more effective in inducing HBsAg decline compared with target therapy in HBsAg-positive patients with advanced stage HCC.
Trans-arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is a standard treatment for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (also called liver cancer). This is where chemotherapy is injected into the arteries of the liver and liver cancer. Unfortunately, the tumour grows after TACE in many patients. A new treatment using a specialized radiation procedure called Stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SBRT) may increase the chance to control liver cancer. SBRT allows radiation treatments to be focused more precisely, and be delivered more accurately than with older treatments. The purpose of this study is to find out if TACE alone versus TACE plus SBRT is better for you and your liver cancer.
A Phase I Clinical Study of Chimeric Antigen Receptor T Cells Targeting Glypican-3 (CAR-GPC3 T Cells) in Patients with Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma
To assess the prognostic role of pretreatment LMR in hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC).
Hepatocellular carcinoma patients are mostly diagnosed at advanced stage. Nowadays, hepatic artery interventional therapy and/or systemic therapy are the main treatments options for these patients. Our previous study showed that compared to than conventional transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE), transarterial infusion chemotherapy (TAI) has better objective response, better safety profile, and increased resection rates. The PD-1 inhibitors emerged in recent years have shown good momentum in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma. The single-drug treatment on advanced hepatocellular carcinoma has a tumor response rate of 17%, the disease control rate exceeds 60%, and the overall survival time exceeds 12 months. And it has good tolerance and less adverse events. In studies of other cancer, combined with traditional chemotherapy can further improve the efficacy of PD-1 inhibitors. Our study is a prospective, single-arm, phase II clinical study for patients with locally advanced, potentially resectable hepatocellular carcinoma (tumor confined to the hepatic stenosis with one or more branches of the portal vein). Progressive survival (PFS) is the primary end point of study. The overall survival rate, degrading resection rate, pathological response, and safety are the secondary endpoints. The efficacy and safety of TAI combined with PD-1 inhibitor in the treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma will be discussed.
This study will investigate if Toripalimab (A PD-1 Inhibitor) will improve recurrence-free survival (RFS) compared to placebo in participants with HCC and are at high risk of recurrence after complete resection with no residual of tumour.
Background. The main risk factor for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is cirrhosis of any etiology, with an annual risk between 1 and 6%, being currently the leading cause of death in patients with cirrhosis and the third cause of death for cancer in the world. In our country there is little information about the incidence of HCC in this population. It has been shown that there is a change in the gut microbiome (set of genetic material of microorganisms that make up the intestinal bacterial flora) as the severity of the cirrhosis progresses. This change in the microbiome has been associated with clinical decompensation events of cirrhosis. However, there are no previous studies in the world that demonstrate an impact of the change of the microbiome in cirrhosis as a precursor to the development of HCC. Our team has compared the profile of the microbiome in patients with cirrhosis with and without HCC. We observed that patients with HCC present changes in the phylum Firmicutes, genus Fusobacterium and change in the bacteroides / prevotella ratio. This pattern was associated with a pro-inflammatory profile. In murine models, it has been postulated that modulation of the gut microbiome through the use of probiotics could have a clinical role in the prevention of HCC development. This research project aims to answer the following question: in patients with cirrhosis, does the nutritional supplement with probiotics prevent HCC development? Objective: To compare the incidence of HCC through intervention with probiotics in cirrhosis. Methods: A randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial of probiotics in patients with Child Pugh A-B cirrhosis at 3-year follow-up. Likewise, the type of microbiome found as a predictor of the risk of HCC development will be evaluated. It will include 280 patients, 140 in each branch. Basal blood and stool samples will be obtained and every 6 months. The typing and quantification of the microbiome in samples of fecal matter will be carried out by amplifying a specific region (V3-V4) of the bacterial 16s rRNA gene. Likewise, the presence of endotoxins (LPS) and cytokines (IL6, TNF alpha) in plasma will be determined to analyze the immune environment and the expression of the TLR4 receptor in mononuclear cells.