There are about 261 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Tunisia. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
A monocentric, prospective, randomized controlled trial, including patients proposed for a laparoscopic gynecologic surgery comparing the muscular relaxing effect of a bilateral ultrasound-guided Transversus Abdominis Plane block to usual neuromuscular blockade agent (Atracurium)
We conducted this study aiming to assess the performance of muscle Lactate and lactate to pyruvate (L/P) ratio clearance in predicting mortality in septic shock patients by using microdialysis.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most common diseases in the world. Acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD) refers to an exaggeration of the symptoms of the disease. Currently, the 3 Anthonisen criteria appear to be most satisfactory in defining the AECOPD: The increase in the volume of sputum, the alteration of its appearance which becomes purulent and The increase in dyspnea. Our recent study, showed that administration of levofloxacin is superior to placebo in the treatment of AECOPD; it is accompanied by a substantial reduction in mortality and a significant reduction in the residence time in hospital.The choice of antibiotic to be used in this situation is challenging to the clinician who must choose between traditional antibiotics (cyclins, aminopenicillins, cotrimoxazole...) and new antimicrobial agents. Antibiotic treatment duration was not based on a strong scientific rationale. Yet at the time of the dramatic emergence of bacterial resistance, reducing the selection pressure by reducing the exposure to antibiotic should be a major issue. In addition, the decrease in costs and associated side effects reinforces the interest of short treatments. Unfortunately, few studies with a satisfactory methodology are available in the literature. In fact, we present the rational and the interest in shortening the durations of antibiotic treatment of AECOPD by levofloxacin in patients admitted to the emergency for exacerbation of COPD and to study the epidemiology of viral and bacterial AECOPD.
Background: Large doses of propofol needed for induction and laryngeal mask (LM) insertion in children may be associated with hemodynamic sides effects. Co-induction with low doses of ketamine 0.5 mg/ kg has the advantage of reducing dose and therefore maintaining hemodynamic stability. Aim: To examine the effect of co-induction on LM insertion, hemodynamics and recovery in children
BACKGROUND: Spinal anesthesia (SA) induced maternal hypotension is the most frequent and troublesome complication in cesarean section (CS), compromising both maternal and neonatal well-being. Many strategies have been used to prevent its occurrence but no single technique has been confirmed to be completely effective. the investigators hypothesized that ondansetron, a serotonin-receptor-antagonist, could have beneficial effects on maternal hemodynamics during CS under SA. METHODS: In this prospective double-blind placebo-controlled study, one hundred healthy parturients were randomized to receive either 8 mg of intravenous ondansetron (group O) or the same volume of saline (group S), 5 minutes prior to the induction of SA. All women received a coloading volume of 500 ml of saline. Maternal hemodynamics: blood pressure, heart rate and cardiac output (CO) were measured with a non-invasive device based on pulse wave transit time: the esCCO device Nihon Kohden hemodynamic monitor. Ephedrine was administered to treat hypotension (systolic blood pressure less than 80% of baseline).
this study evaluates high flow oxygen therapy in addition to non invasive ventilation (NIV) to treat hypercapnic respiratory failure. Between sessions of NIV, half of participants will have high flow nasal cannula while the others will have standard low flow oxygen therapy.
Many drugs with various mechanisms of action are used for postcaesarean pain relief. Although the response to pain relief is sometimes believed to be individual, it is very important to establish the most effective with the least adverse effects type of oral analgesia for women after caesarean section. Optimal pain control post-caesarean section will benefit not only the mother and her baby, but also a healthcare system. Optimal pain control may shorten the time spent in hospital after caesarean section and, therefore, reduce healthcare costs.
The purpose of this multicenter randomized study is to compare efficacy and safety of dasatinib 50 mg once daily and dasatinib 100 mg once daily in patients with early chronic phase (CP) chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)
Purpose: To analyze the effects of Ramadan observance (RO) on pulmonary variables, exercise performance and postural balance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: Twenty COPD patients (age=72.7 ± 4.1 yr, non-smokers, without cardiac or neuromuscular complications) were evaluated. Tests performed one week before Ramadan (C), and during the second (R-2) and the fourth weeks of Ramadan (R-4) included standard spirometry, a quality of life questionnaire (VQ11), a 6-min walking test (6MWT), measurement of maximal voluntary contraction force of the quadriceps (MVC), Timed Get Up and Go (TUG), Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and Unipedal Stance (UST).
Selected patients will be randomised to either hydrocortisone or prednisolone. Each treatment period is of 14 days. Abnormal clinical symptoms, blood glucose and quality of life will be monitored.