There are about 11397 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Italy. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
High cholesterol is one of the major controllable risk factor for coronary heart disease. It is well demonstrated that drugs that reduce the intestinal absorption of cholesterol or block the synthesis of cholesterol or the association of both, can reduce cholesterol and reduce rate of cardiovascular events. The trial will evaluate natural alternative to this drug approach testing the effects of a combination of phytosterol, a nutritional that reduce cholesterol absorption, and fermented red rice, a nutritional that reduce the synthesis of cholesterol. Subjects with sub optimal blood cholesterol levels, matching all the inclusion criteria and none of the exclusion criteria, will be treated for 8 weeks with a nutraceutical combination of phytosterols and fermented red rice and will have to maintain, during the entire duration of the study, the Mediterranean-style diet provided. The study will evaluate as primary objective the changes in LDL cholesterol blood levels and more in general the modulation of lipid profile and of others clinical parameters as well as the tolerability.
Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability and has been described as a worldwide epidemic (1). Stroke survivors are affected by impairments and limitations of cognitive, language, perceptual, sensory, and motor functions. After a stroke, patients can improve spontaneously within the first 3 months (2) and then more slowly in the following year. The first day, decreased oedema and partial reperfusion of the ischemic penumbra may possibly explain these phenomena, but the improvement of neurological deficit in the following weeks suggests plasticity phenomena and brain cortical reorganization (3). While most recovery is thought to be made in the first few weeks after stroke, patients may make improvements on functional tasks many months after having a stroke (4). Restoring arm and hand skill after a stroke remains challenging, even though stroke rehabilitation programs have proven partial efficacy Repetitive task training has been shown to be effective in some aspects of rehabilitation, such as improving walking distance and speed and improving upper limb function (5). In this project, the investigators will use "Gloreha ARIA" (7) a new sensor-based therapy device designed for motor recovery of impaired upper limb Gloreha Aria offers specific programs that help patients to move arm, wrist and fingers. Therapists can customize therapy by focusing on a specific motor task.
The study evaluates the safety and efficacy of Neoprene-based glue in the management of pancreatic stump after pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) in patients at high risk for pancreatic fistula and early neoplastic recurrence, compared with a population of patients at conventional risk.
Vascular pattern of solid pancreatic lesions (SPLs) has been investigated by different abdominal imaging modalities and by contrast-enhanced endoscopic ultrasonography (CE-EUS). Compared with surrounding pancreatic parenchyma three different patterns have been described: hypo-, iso-, and hypervascular. The majority of SPLs are hypovascular, and the diagnostic relevance of hypoenhanced pattern to predict pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is well established. Differently, iso- and hypervascular pattern is not specific and can be expressed by several SPLs, with different clinical behavior and management. To date, poor is know about the role of EUS in differential diagnosis of non-hypovascular SPLs and features associated with malignancy.
This is a Phase III randomised, double-blind, multi-centre study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of durvalumab in combination with standard of care platinum based chemotherapy and bevacizumab followed by maintenance durvalumab and bevacizumab or durvalumab, bevacizumab and olaparib in patients with newly diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer.
Reconstructive surgery with breast implants after total mastectomy for breast cancer is invariably related to several possible complications, such as atrophy of surrounding tissues, skin thinning, capsular contracture, wound dehiscence and inframammary fold break. Such complications are promoted by elastic properties of tissues and their response to gravity forces exerted on breast implant weight, leading to microischaemic events. A poor cosmetic outcome may result up to breast implant exposure, and its removal may become necessary, thus compromising the quality of breast reconstruction. These complications are further favoured by post-mastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT), since irradiation could enhance microischaemia of peri-prosthetic soft tissues and muscle, with subsequent inadequate healing, fibrosis and thinning. Since PMRT has been associated to improved loco-regional control in node-positive breast cancer patients, its use has increased in recent years. On one hand, PMRT has improved loco-regional control but, on the other hand, it has increased the failure rate of breast reconstruction after total mastectomy. Change of timing in breast reconstruction (immediate vs. two-staged by use of tissue expander) has not decreased the complications rate after PMRT. Currently the failure rate of breast reconstruction after total mastectomy and PMRT ranges from 0% to 40%. The present study will recruit 80 participants affected by breast cancer candidated to total mastectomy with immediate breast reconstruction and subsequent PMRT or total mastectomy with reconstruction by tissue expander, subsequent PMRT and then definitive reconstruction with breast implant. Participants will be randomized in two experimental arms: 40 patients will receive final reconstruction by the use of standard silicone-based breast implant and the other 40 patients will receive B-Lite® light weight breast implant. Participants will be followed up at 1, 6, 12 and 24 months, and all patients will undergo breast MRI at 6 months. The primary goal of the present study is to evaluate the failure rate of breast reconstruction (i.e. the need of re-intervention for breast implant removal). Secondary end-points include the overall complications rate, MRI evaluation of breast implant and surrounding tissues, cosmetic outcomes and quality of life including participants' satisfaction with breast reconstruction.
Exercise is reported to have significant beneficial effects in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients, particularly with respect to cardiovascular function, aerobic capacity, muscular strength and ambulatory performance. Inflammation-mediated synaptic alterations have been measured by means of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and found to correlate with disability level in MS. Due to their plastic nature, synapses represent a good therapeutic target that is sensitive to environmental stimulation, such as physical exercise. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of exercise in reducing peripheral inflammation that drives the synaptic pathology and neurodegeneration occurring in the brain of MS patients. Recruited patients will be given a therapeutic exercise program, consisting of 3 hours of treatment per day, 6 days/week for 4 weeks. The program will be applied on hospitalised patients to ensure adherence to the program and reducing the risk of abandonment. The rehabilitation program will be planned by a physician specialised in physical and rehabilitation medicine and will consist of both passive and active therapeutic exercises specifically aimed at restoring or maintaining muscular flexibility, range of motion, balance, coordination of movements, postural passages and transfers, and ambulation. The day of recruitment (t0) patients will undergo radiological and neurological examination. The effect of exercise will be evaluated with respect to neurologic function, mood and neurophysiological parameters, autonomic system function, and peripheral marker levels assessed at t0 and after 4 weeks (t1). A second time point will be included (t2, 8 weeks after the end of the treatment) to address long-term effects, with analysis limited to neurologic and mood measurements and peripheral marker levels.
In this study phenylbutyrate is used for patients with pyruvate dehydrogenase complex deficiency. The aim of the study is to investigate the safety and efficacy of therapy.
The aim of this study is to collect data on efficacy and tolerability on a large series of patient of different Italian hospitals in order to support the validation of LifePearl with robust and consistent clinical evidence. Since TACE in treating HCC is considered a more common and accepted approach, this study will be focused on evaluating treatment efficacy and safety of LIFDOX for un-resectable hepatocellular carcinoma.
Sleep disruptions are prevalent complaints in cocaine use disorder (CUD) subjects, either during consumption or withdrawal. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) seem to be a promissing strategy in the treatment of chronic cocaine users. The aim of this study will be to assess the variation on self-perceived sleep quality and drug use variables in individuals with CUD undergoing a rTMS protocol over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC).