There are about 9808 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Italy. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Osteoarthritis of the trapeziometacarpal joint (TMJ), also called rhizarthrosis is a common disease, mostly affecting post-menopausal women. Intra-articular therapy with hyaluronic acid (HA) was usually recommended as a second-line treatment after failure of non-pharmacological modalities, only in early stages of the disease .Aim of the present observational, retrospective, comparative study is the assessment of the efficacy and tolerability of i.a. injections of an hybrid HA formulation (Synovial H-L®) in comparison to triamcinolone in patients with TMJ Osteoarthritis (OA). We are analyzing the records collected in the departmental archives of outpatients affected by TMJ OA, according to the ACR criteria for the classification for hand OA and who were treated with i.a. Sinovial H-L or triamcinolone acetonide from December 1st, 2015 to December 1st 2016.The patient's assessment of spontaneous hand pain on a 0-100 mm VAS with 0 representing the absence of pain and the FIHOA score validated in Italian language were routinely recorded and documented in our centre prior to the injections (T0), at the time of the second i.a. administration (T1), after one month (T2) and after 3 (T3) and 6 months (T4) following the i.a. therapy. The primary outcome criteria of our study is the change of VAS and FIHOA from baseline to the end of treatment. Furthermore, we chose as secondary outcomes the duration of morning stiffness, the Italian version of Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) and the validated Italian version of the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form (SF-36) routinary registered in our medical record before the i.a. therapy, at the end of the treatment and after 1, 3 and 6 months. The chi square test, t test or Kruskal-Wallis test, as appropriated, will be used to evaluate differences between groups before i.a. treatment the clinical and demographical data. Mixed-effects linear regression models will be used to evaluate temporal trends and differences in the two groups for specific outcomes: VAS pain, VAS stiffness, FIHOA and PCS and MCS from SF-36 questionnaires. In these types of statistical models, the effects of the covariates and their standard errors are correctly estimated taking into account the hierarchical structure of the data (i.e., patients and visits). For the compute of SF-36s Z score will be used mean and SD of U.S. general population. Data analysis will be performed using Stata vers 13.0 software. Descriptive statistics will be used to summarize data as frequencies (categorical variables) or mean +/-SD (continuous variables) as appropriate. P values <0.05 is considered statistically significant.
Stroke is the third most common cause of death and the main cause of acquired adult disability in high-income countries. The most common deficit after stroke is motor impairment of the contralateral arm, with more than 80% of stroke survivors experiencing this condition in the acute phase, and only half regaining some useful upper limb function after six months. Within the European project RETRAINER (grant agreement No 644721), the consortium developed a platform for the rehabilitation of the upper limb after stroke, which combines a passive forearm-hand orthosis for hand-wrist motion stabilization, selective fingers constraining and grasp movement facilitation, Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) of the extrinsic hand flexor muscles and of the extrinsic hand extensor muscles, interactive objects, and voluntary effort. The system also provides a graphical user interface which helps the therapist set the training session and save the training data and parameters, and provides the subject a visual feedback about his/her active involvement in the exercise. The training consists of the execution of a series of exercises involving the affected arm during daily life activities. Typical exercises include controlled wrist flexion and extension, controlled fingers flexion and extension, anterior reaching and grasping on a plane or in the space, moving an object on a plane or in the space. The aim of this clinical study it to evaluate the efficacy of this novel training platform on patients between two weeks and nine months after their first stroke, who preserved at least a visible muscle contraction for the arm and shoulder muscles. Participants are randomized in an experimental and a control group. The control group is trained with an advanced rehabilitative program, including physical training, occupational therapy, FES, and virtual reality, while the experimental group is trained with the RETRAINER system for about 30 minutes, in addition to the same program of the control group. The daily training time is the same for the two groups. The intervention consists of three sessions a week for nine weeks. Patients are assessed at baseline, soon after the end of the intervention, and in a 4-week follow-up visits. It is planned to recruit 68 subjects for this study. Since the RETRAINER platform was built on the up-to-date theory of motor re-learning, which supports task-oriented repetitive training, a close temporal association between motor intention and stimulated motor response, and an intensive and frequent training paradigm, the study's hypothesis is that the experimental group shows a greater treatment effect than the control group.
The purpose of the present study is to compare the effectiveness of Rhythmic Reading Training (RRT), a computer-assisted intervention method that combines sublexical reading exercises with rhythm processing, and that of a multimodal intervention comprising different methodology, called 'Abilmente'. All interventions were delivered for a period ranging 1-2,5 months, in 60 minutes biweekly sessions.
Prospective, open-label, single arm, non-randomized, proof-of-concept study. Eligible patients will sign a written informed consent and will be followed-up at screening, baseline (ART interruption) and at 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 16, 24, 32, 40, 48 weeks thereafter or at ART resumption. The study visits will include: general clinical assessment, routine laboratory tests including: creatinine, phosphorus, calcium, alkaline phosphatase, AST, ALT, fasting glucose, total cholesterol, HDL- and LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, CD4+ cell count and CD4+/CD8+ ratio. Additional 30 mL of peripheral blood will be withdrawn at study visits for further virological, and immunological investigations and for bio-banking purposes. During follow-up, the occurrence of two consecutive HIV-1 RNA values >50 copies/mL or the occurrence of stage B or C AIDS-defining events or any serious non-AIDS clinical event at least potentially related to treatment interruption will be criteria for ART resumption. All patients with HIV-RNA<50 copies/mL at week 48 (end of the study) will resume their baseline ART regimen. The main demographic, clinical and therapy information will be accurately recorded at the study visits in an electronic Case Report Form.
The registry enroll all the patients who suffered an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the Province of Pavia with a follow-up up to five years after the event.
The primary aim of this study is to assess if the mobility dose that patients receive in the surgical intensive care unit (SICU) predicts adverse discharge disposition (primary endpoint), and muscle wasting diagnosed by bedside ultrasound (secondary endpoint).
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation is increasingly used to treat patients with severe aortic stenosis who are at increased risk for surgical aortic valve replacement and is projected to be the preferred treatment modality. As patient selection and operator experience have improved, it is hypothesised that device-host interactions will play a more dominant role in outcome. This, in combination with the increasing number of valve types and sizes, confronts the physician with the dilemma to choose the valve that best fits the individual patient. This necessitates the availability of pre-procedural computer simulation that is based upon the integration of the patient-specific anatomy, the physical and (bio)mechanical properties of the valve and recipient anatomy derived from in-vitro experiments. Patient-specific computer simulation may improve outcome of TAVI by proposing the valve size that best fits the individual patient. The aim of this study is to assess the added value of patient-specific computer simulation in valve size selection.
Diabetes mellitus is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Substantial clinical and experimental evidence suggest that both diabetes and insulin resistance cause a combination of endothelial dysfunctions, which may diminish the anti-atherogenic role of the vascular endothelium. Therefore, in patients with diabetes or insulin resistance, endothelial dysfunction may be a critical early target for preventing atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. It has been implicated as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and premature cardiovascular mortality for patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus, as well as for patients with essential hypertension. A complete biochemical understanding of the mechanisms by which hyperglycemia causes vascular functional and structural changes associated with the diabetic milieu still eludes us. In recent years, the numerous biochemical and metabolic pathways postulated to have a causal role in the pathogenesis of diabetic vascular disease have been distilled into several unifying hypotheses. The role of chronic hyperglycemia in the development of diabetic microvascular complications and in neuropathy has been clearly established. However, the biochemical or cellular links between elevated blood glucose levels, and the vascular lesions remain incompletely understood. A number of trials have demonstrated that statins therapy as well as angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors is associated with improvements in endothelial function in diabetes. Although antioxidants provide short-term improvement of endothelial function in humans, all studies of the effectiveness of preventive antioxidant therapy have been disappointing. Actually, control of hyperglycemia thus remains the best way to improve endothelial function and to prevent atherosclerosis and other cardiovascular complications of diabetes.
The purpose of this study is to provide continued treatment with alectinib or crizotinib as applicable to participants with ALK- or RET positive cancer who were previously enrolled in any Roche-sponsored alectinib study and who are deriving continued clinical benefit from alectinib or crizotinib in the parent trial at the time of parent trial closure.
To investigate the safety and efficacy of abatacept with steroid treatment in comparison to steroid treatment alone in up to a 28 week taper of steroid treatment to sustain remission of Giant Cell Arteritis in adults.