There are about 10117 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Italy. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Mortality of Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (AECOPD) patients underwent invasive mechanical ventilation is demonstrated to be higher than in patients who underwent only non invasive mechanical ventilation (NIV). There is an increased need to detect more predictive factors for NIV failure, in order to better identify patients most at risk of facing negative outcomes. The aim of this experimental pilot study is to evaluate the feasibility of the ultrasound of diaphragm in AECOPD patients underwent non invasive mechanical ventilation ( primary endpoint ). Furthermore the secondary aim is to observe any relationship between diaphragmatic function (excursion), diaphragmatic thickening and the timing of arterial blood gases (ABGs) compensation in patients with AECOPD undergoing NIV treatment; additional outcomes are: correlation with dyspnea level, time of mechanical ventilation, NIV failure, rate of tracheostomy, length of stay in ICU and in-hospital and 90-day mortality.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the long-term clinical acceptability and overall satisfaction with the IC-8 IOL at least 12 months post-IOL implantation.
This is a Phase II, randomized, multi-centre study aiming at comparing the efficacy of Olaparib and Cediranib vs. weekly Paclitaxel in terms of progression free survival (PFS) in platinum refractory or resistant recurrent ovarian cancer. Patients will be randomised in a 1:1:1 ratio to three treatment arms: - Arm A: Paclitaxel 80 mg/mq every week - Arm B: Cediranib 20 mg/day + Olaparib 600 mg / day (i.e. 300 mg BD) given every day - Arm C: Cediranib 20 mg/day given 5 days per weeks + Olaparib 600 mg / day (i.e. 300 mg BD) given 7 days per weeks
A Phase III, single-centre, randomized, 2-arm, parallel-group, double blind, placebo-controlled study, consisting of a screening phase (Days -14 to -1), a 4-week double-blind, placebo-controlled treatment phase and a 4-week follow-up phase. Subjects: Type 2 diabetic patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) not requiring revascularization, with sub-optimal glycemic control (HbA1c 7.5-8.5%) on their current anti-hyperglycemic regimen Subjects will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to dapagliflozin or placebo. Subjects will undergo screening assessment in the 14-day period preceding administration of the first dose of study drug on Day 1. Primary Objective The primary objective is to assess the effect of dapagliflozin on myocardial insulin sensitivity Secondary Objective The secondary objective is to assess global heart function, and metabolic systemic effects of dapagliflozin, and glycemic control. The study aims to enroll patients with type 2 diabetes with poor glycemic control, and with coronary artery disease not requiring revascularization, who have already undergone, under routine cardiological assessment, a positron emission tomography (PET) 13NH3 scan in order to assess the cardiovascular function. Thus, the study aims to assess whether the improvement in cardiac metabolism obtained with dapagliflozin is greater than that obtained with normal clinical practice (according to Standards of Care).
This will be a randomized, placebo-controlled, clinical trial carried out on moderately hypercholesterolemic subjects who will consume 3 g per day of beta-glucans, in order to evaluate the effects on lipid profile, glycemia and intestinal function
Chronic hepatitis HCV-related is the most common cause of chronic liver disease in Italy. Patients with chronic hepatitis C present a prevalence of depressive disorders higher than that of the general population; moreover, it has been repeatedly demonstrated the presence of cognitive deficits and poor quality of life. Chronic hepatitis C therapy was based on the combined use of pegylated alpha-interferons (PEG-INF), and ribavirin. Recently, new therapeutic protocols have been introduced, and while some antiviral drugs, including the first-generation ones, were used only in combination with PEG-IFN and ribavirin, the second and third generation antiviral drugs protocols are interferon-free. However, because of the high cost, the access to interferon-free protocols is only for patients with advanced fibrous stages, or with concomitant extra-hepatic HCV-related diseases, or for transplanted patients. Many side effects, such as flu-like symptoms, and psychiatric symptoms (depression, anxiety, irritability, insomnia) are common during antiviral therapy with IFN. However, in patients with chronic hepatitis C, a high lifetime prevalence of major depressive disorder, panic disorder, and brief recurrent depression have been observed, irrespective of IFN treatment and the use of alcohol and narcotics; such associations between mood and anxiety disorders and chronic hepatitis C may reflect a high prevalence of bipolar spectrum disorders. The presence of severe psychopathological symptoms requires the reduction of posology and causes high rates of discontinuation of antiviral therapy. This project represents an innovative psychiatric and neuropsychological screening program for patients with chronic hepatitis C, eligible for antiviral therapy. 1. Primary objectives: 1. to verify the medium-term impact of new antiviral therapies on quality of life, psychological well-being and cognitive function in subjects with chronic hepatitis C; 2. to verify the predictability of specific psychopathological components and specific determinants on compliance with new antiviral therapies. 2. Main secondary objectives: 1. to verify the evidence of association between various psychiatric disorders and cognitive deficits and chronic hepatitis C; 2. to evaluate the relative weight of psychopathological and/or cognitive disorders on the efficacy of antiviral therapy and on quality of life.
ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients affected by multivessels coronary artery stenosis, represent a clinical relevant problem. The management and prognosis of these patents are supported by few literature data. Therefore, in this study authors enrolled real world diabetic vs. non diabetic patients admitted for STEMI and associated to multi vessels coronary disease. Then these diabetics were divided in incretin users (6 months of incretin treatment before study enrollment) vs. never incretin users. In these patients authors studied all cause mortality, cardiac mortality, and major adverse cardiac events at 12 months follow up.
CPFA is currently used in the treatment of severe sepsis with the intention of removing the proinflammatory mediators from the systemic circulation. Some evidence exists about the bilirubin adsorbing ability of the neutral styrenic resin which is part of the extracorporeal circuit of CPFA. The aim of this study is to assess efficacy and safety of CPFA in extracorporeal detoxification of liver toxins in patients affected by acute or acute-on-chronic liver failure.
Macrophage Activation Syndrome (MAS) is a rare, life-threatening condition characterized by uncontrolled hyperinflammation which may develop on the background of systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (sJIA). NI-0501 (Emapalumab) is a monoclonal antibody neutralizing interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), a key cytokine which contributes to the inflammation and tissue damage seen in MAS. The purpose of this study is to assess the safety, tolerability and efficacy of NI-0501 in sJIA patients developing MAS, presenting an inadequate response to high dose glucocorticoid treatment.
This prospective randomized study will compare the regression rates of women managed with watch-and-wait approach and of those treated with 3 cycles of luteal 25mg subcutaneous progesterone from 18 to 25 days of menstrual cycle