There are about 10625 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Italy. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
This study prospectively compares the performance of an above-elbow cast (long arm cast) and a below-elbow cast (short arm cast) to maintain reduction in conservatively managed distal radius fractures.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), according to the Montreal classification, is defined as a condition that develops when the reflux of stomach contents causes troublesome symptoms and/or complications. GERD, as clinically defined by the presence of heartburn, acid regurgitation, or both, at least once a week, is a global disease, being one of the most common gastroenterological disorders worldwide that affects roughly 10-30% of the general population in the Western world and less than 10% of the Asian populations. GERD complications may be life threatening and range from reflux esophagitis to Barrett's oesophagus and, eventually, adenocarcinoma. Zinc L-carnosine (brand name in Italy: Hepilor®) is a chelate compound of zinc and L-carnosine, with a long history of more than 20 years of clinical use in Japan that has recently become available in Italy for the treatment of any condition that requires a mucosal protection and mucosal repair within the gastrointestinal tract, thus including GERD. However, clinical data in western countries are limited. The aim of this double-blind, placebo-controlled study is to demonstrate the efficacy of Zinc-l-carnosine in maintaining GERD clinical remission during a 12-week treatment.
microRNAs (miRNAs) regulate fundamental cell processes. Dysregulation of miRNA expression and function is reported in various diseases including cancer, metabolic disorders as well as neurological disorders. Circulating miRNAs have been proposed to mirror physiological and pathological conditions suggesting their use as biomarkers for various diseases. We will focus on a case-control study cohort (N=1000) of subjects recruited at the IRCCS Neuromed for which a deep clinical characterization and genome-wide sequencing data are available. This study will enable to identify novel circulating biomarkers for Parkinson's disease (PD). Further, the project will give new insights on the involvement of miRNAs in the etiology of PD and in the understanding of the genetics of the disease thus opening avenues for novel therapeutic strategies.
This is a Phase 1/2, multinational, open-label, escalating-dose study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of an intravenous infusion of GNT0003 in patients with Crigler-Najjar aged ≥10 years and requiring phototherapy. Patients will received a single administration of GNT0003 and will be followed for safety and efficacy for 1 year.
The purpose of this program is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of guselkumab in participants with Crohn's disease.
Lymphedema, primary or secondary, is a chronic disease that causes functional impairment and has an important impact on patient's quality of life. Lymphedema can be primary or secondary. Secondary lymphedema, which is more common, especially in industrialized countries, is often due to surgery and radiotherapy to treat cancer. There is no definite cure for lymphedema; conservative treatments such as elastic compression garments, bandages and manual lymphatic drainage help reducing the edema but do not resolve it. Many types of surgery have been used in the past, the most recent are lymphatic-venous anastomoses, a minimally invasive procedure that may be performed under local anesthesia. Briefly, after visualizing the lymphatic vessels with a fluorescent dye, one or more anastomosis are created between collecting lymphatic vessels and superficial veins in order to drain the lymph into the blood stream bypassing the obstacle. During this procedure, it is possible to take samples of the collecting lymphatic vessels that are to be anastomosed with veins and use them for histological and immunohistochemical studies, without causing any additional discomfort to the patient. These samples can be formalin fixed and paraffin embedded. The obtained sections will be stained with a lymphatic endothelium marker and a smooth muscle specific stain. A morphometric study will be conducted and, based on the results a statistical evaluation will be made. The analysis will be conducted on samples obtained from patients, affected by secondary or primary lymphedema willing to provide their free and informed consent. The aim of this study is to evaluate the histopathological characteristics of the collecting lymphatic vessels that have been anastomosed with adjacent veins during surgery, and relate the results with the obtained clinical response. The acquired knowledge will contribute to optimize the clinical approach to prevent and treat lymphedema, by helping to select the patients that will benefit more from the surgery, and to select vessels and anatomical sites that have better chances to provide efficient anastomoses.
Backround: No data on the adjunctive effects of hyaluronic acid (HA) in a post-surgery, chlorhexidine (CHX) - based plaque control regimen are available. Also, contrasting evidence is available regarding the efficacy of CHX-based formulations containing anti-discoloration system (ADS). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the post-surgery gingival healing as well as plaque, gingival inflammation, and staining levels following the use of a 0.2% chlorhexidine (CHX) solution with or without anti-discoloration system (ADS) and 0.2% hyaluronic acid (HA). Methods: Patients undergoing flap surgery at sites with an intact or reduced but healthy periodontium participated in a parallel-arm RCT. After surgery, patients used the assigned mouthrinse (CHX+HA+ADS or CHX) for 21 days. At day 7 and 21, the Gingival Healing Index (GHI) was used to assess the quality of flap closure at the interdental papilla. Plaque index (PlI), Gingival Index (GI), Angulated bleeding score (AngBS), tooth and tongue staining were also assessed.
BIOPSTAGE is a prospective, non-randomized, diagnostic, multi-cohort investigational study to evaluate the impact of pelvic Multi-parametric 3-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (mp-3TMRI) and whole-body 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT for diagnosis of clinically-significant prostate cancer and pre-surgical staging.
The social processes depend on complex cognitive mechanisms, which involve mainly the frontal and temporal lobe regions. Patients with early onset frontal and temporal lobe lesions might later develop important deficits in social integration. Accordingly, children with early onset temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) demonstrate altered emotion recognition.
The study wants to define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), safety and efficacy of a short course radiation therapy in patients with symptomatic advanced thoracic cancer.