View clinical trials related to Stress.Filter by:
In hospitals, the improvement of working conditions is often considered secondarily to patient satisfaction. Previous studies, showing statistically significant relationships, suggested the impact of hospital departments' organization (staff / patient ratio, bed distribution, caregiver's assignment), of the work environment, and the working conditions on the infectious risk at the hospital departments. In addition, organizational hospital constraints and the organization of care could equally have a major impact on the physical and psychological health of care workers (stress, fatigue, job satisfaction). To date, available data suggest that determinants of occupational stress and fatigue are multifactorial. This research aims to develop an interdisciplinary approach to link two phenomena that are often studied independently while they are closely intertwined: working conditions and infectious risk in hospitals departments. Their main objective is to study the relationship between stress and caregiver fatigue at the work, organizational determinants and infectious risk for patients (healthcare-associated infections: HAIs) and for caregivers (blood exposure accidents: BEAs). The secondary objective is to analyze how the individual characteristics of the staff, the characteristics of their employment, and the overall organization in the hospital departments where they work interact to explain their physical and psychological state of health, on the one hand, and their behavior face to work (absenteeism, turnover and hand hygiene) on the other hand. The ultimate goal of this research is to be able to propose organizational strategies aimed at both reducing the probability of occurrence of healthcare-associated infections and preventing occupational risks for caregivers.
The study assess the effect of the VR technology (Pure Purr technology) on the recovery of the autonomic nervous system in healthy volunteers affected by moderate stress. Study subject randomized into two groups: in Group 1 volunteers first be tested with the VR headset A, and during the next visit- headset B. Group 2 volunteers first be tested with the VR headset B, and during the next visit- headset A. Before, after and during VR session was conducted stress modulation and ECG recording. The Pure Purr technology combines several audio and visual stimuli aimed at activation of the parasympathetic nervous system. Therefore, this study will investigate the effect of this technology on the recovery of autonomic nervous system performance after moderate stress.
Hispanic immigrants to the U.S. are more likely to experience negative health outcomes the longer they live in the U.S. For example, over time Hispanic immigrants engage in riskier behaviors such as substance abuse, violence, and risky sex, and experience more depressive symptoms. The stress associated with the acculturation process, acculturation stress, and resilience at the individual, family, community, and societal levels appear to play important roles in influencing risks. However, little is known about the causal mechanisms linking acculturation stress, resilience, and health outcomes among Hispanic immigrants. Further, little is known about what precise types of stressors (e.g., occupational stress vs. discrimination) and resilience factors (e.g., individual coping vs. family support) have the most important influence on health trajectories of Hispanic immigrants. The proposed longitudinal study (N = 385) will investigate the effects of acculturation stress and resilience on co-occurring substance abuse, intimate partner violence, HIV risk, and depression (i.e., syndemic conditions) and biological stress among young adult Hispanic immigrants in the U.S. More specifically, the proposed project aims to: 1) test theoretical links between the cumulative impact of acculturation stress and resilience on syndemic conditions and biological stress among recent young adult Hispanic immigrants over a two-year period, and 2) identify the specific types of acculturation stressors and resilience factors at the individual, family, community, and societal levels that are most important in predicting syndemic conditions and biological stress among this population over time. Young adult low-income Hispanic immigrant men and women within the first 10 years of immigration will be followed for two years. Biopsychosocial data will be collected from participants at baseline, and then 6 months (FU1), 12 months (FU2), 18 months (FU3), and 24 months later (FU4). Culturally specific measures of acculturation stress and resilience will be used to assess for individual, family, community, and societal risk and protective factors for syndemic conditions. Blood and urine samples will be obtained from participants to measure systemic inflammation (IL 6, IL8, and IL 18) and oxidative stress (F2 isoprostanes), previously validated biomarkers for psychological stress. Various descriptive, univariate and multivariate statistics, including latent growth curve modeling, will be used to address aims 1-2. The findings from this study have the potential to identify risk and protective factors for the decay in heath among Hispanic immigrants. A precise and culturally informed understanding of these phenomena is foundational for designing interventions that can ultimately promote the health and wellbeing of Hispanic immigrants, the largest immigrant group in the U.S. This study also has the potential to lay the theoretical foundation for biopsychosocial health disparities research in other populations.
This study pilots the feasibility and acceptability of a family-based lifestyle intervention for decreasing diabetes risk called "Salud sin Barreras" (meaning, "Health without Barriers") delivered in the community to Latino teens at risk for type 2 diabetes. This program combines traditional lifestyle intervention to change eating and physical activity with learning mindfulness-based stress reduction tools. We also are exploring how Salud sin Barreras lowers stress and improves insulin resistance in Latino teens, as compared to lifestyle-only intervention, the "La Vida Saludable" (meaning, the Healthy Living Program; HeLP).
Burnout and overwhelming stress are growing issues in medicine and are associated with mental illness, performance deficits and diminished patient care. Among surgical trainees, high dispositional mindfulness decreases these risks by 75% or more, and formal mindfulness training has been shown feasible and acceptable. In other high-stress populations formal mindfulness training has improved well-being, stress, cognition and performance, yet the ability of such training to mitigate stress and burnout across medical specialties, or to affect improvements in the cognition and performance of physicians, remains unknown. To address these gaps and thereby promote the wider adoption of contemplative practices within medical training, investigators have developed Enhanced Stress Resilience Training, a modified form of MBSR - streamlined, tailored and contextualized for physicians and trainees. Investigators propose to test Enhanced Stress Resilience Training (ESRT), versus active control and residency-as-usual, in mixed-specialty interns (from Emergency Medicine, Internal Medicine, Pediatrics, Family Practice, OBGYN and Surgery Departments) evaluated for well-being, cognition and performance changes at baseline, post-intervention and three or six-month follow-up.
Conflict in Syria and Iraq has created a humanitarian crisis that includes hundreds of thousands of refugees who have experienced trauma and suffer from a greater incidence of trauma-related disorders as compared to the general population. The need for intervention is clear: our research team has determined prevalence of probable PTSD, anxiety, and depression in adults at rates of 32.2%, 40.3% and 47.7%, respectively and children at rates of 6.3% for PTSD and 52.9% for anxiety. Barriers to treatment include cultural ideations surrounding psychiatric treatment, language barriers posed to psychotherapy, and high dropout associated exposure therapy—the standard treatment for PTSD. To overcome these challenges, the investigators developed a behavioral health program that addresses not only the psychological but also the somatic components of trauma-related disorders which are common but often less addressed by traditional treatment. This 12-week family-based program offers weekly, 90 minute sessions in Dance/Movement Therapy (DMT) or Art Therapy for children, mindful yoga for mothers, and High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) for fathers as well as complimentary transportation to and from sessions. Self-report questionnaires and biological specimens (hair cortisol; saliva or blood inflammation markers) are collected at the beginning, middle, and end of the intervention phase, as well as 3, 6, and 12 months afterwards to measure acute and long-term effects of these treatments. By collecting psychological and biomarker data the investigators seek concrete scientific evidence supporting these non-pharmacological, cost effective, and accessible programs as reliable treatment options.
In this project, the investigators propose to evaluate the impact of a Mindfulness-Based Intervention (MBI) Program on the well-being of University of Miami (UM) clinicians and faculty/staff. If successfully implemented and proven to be effective, this training program may be disseminated to other interested medical personnel.
This is a 12-Week, multicenter, double-blind, controlled, randomized study assessing change in psoriasis severity and level of stress in patients with moderate to severe psoriasis treated with TEN. Psoriasis severity and stress levels will be measured at Weeks 0, 4, 8 and 12.
The aim of this study is to identify risks for work-related stress, stress reactions and long-term consequences among nurses, physicians, medical-technical and medical-therapeutic professions in Switzerland and to reduce those factors by an educational intervention for the supervisors.
An intervention study was designed to examine the impact of impact of community home-based care intervention on mental health and treatment outcome in HIV-positive people. The intervention comprised a home-based counseling on anti-retroviral therapy (ART) adherence, psycho social support, basic health care services at the home of HIV-positive people. The intervention started in March, 2018 and completed in August 2018. The major measurements of the interventions were ART adherence, status of depression, anxiety, and stress levels.