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The proposed project is the first pilot test to examine interoceptive function as a mechanistic biomarker underlying Mindful Awareness in Body-oriented Therapy (MABT). MABT, an empirically-validated and manualized protocol is explicitly designed to teach interoceptive awareness skills for emotion regulation and is thus an ideal intervention approach in which to address this gap in research. This study uses a two group, randomized design to examine neural and physiological biomarkers in response to MABT. Twenty-four individuals reporting moderate stress will be recruited from the community and randomized to 8-week MABT intervention or the control condition. The study aims are to: 1) evaluate whether interoceptive training improves interoceptive function in the MABT vs control condition, and 2) explore whether changes in interoceptive function correlate with improved health outcomes. Analyses will include within and between-group ANOVA of brain activity with symptom change as a covariate. This is the first study to test whether a clinical intervention aimed specifically at cultivating interoceptive awareness effects change on interoceptive biomarkers. The results will support larger NIH proposals to more comprehensively validate neuro and behavioral biomarkers of interoceptive training to enhance mental health, particularly targeting depression and substance use disorder that have identified interoceptive dysfunction and poor emotion regulation.
Dietary choices, quality of life and stress will be evaluated in a sample of 100 undergraduate students who are in their first year of university. Students will be randomized into the following two groups; intervention arm (students who will use a preventative self-care program for 12 weeks) vs. control arm (students who will not use a preventative self-care program for 12 weeks).
Stress can lead to obesity via inappropriate eating. In addition, obesity is a major stress factor. Furthermore, stressed people are also those who have the greatest difficulties to lose weight. The relationships between obesity and stress are biological via the action of stress on the major hormones regulating appetite (leptin, ghrelin). International recommendation proposals suggest to implement stress management programs in obesity for a sustainable weight loss. Moreover, stress and obesity are two public health issues. Among the multiple physical and psychological consequences of stress and obesity, increased mortality and cardiovascular morbidity seem the main concern. Many spa resorts are specialized in the treatment of obesity in France but actually no thermal spa proposes a specific program to manage stress in obesity. The main hypothesis is that a thermal spa residential program (21 days) of stress management in obesity will exhibit its efficacy through objective measures of well-being and cardiovascular morbidity.
This project explores whether meditation increases breastmilk supply in mothers who are pumping milk for infants in the NICU. Mothers will be randomly assigned to daily meditation while pumping using an app designed for meditation for new mothers, and their breastmilk volume will be measured after one week of meditation versus a control group with measurements at the same time points. Investigators will also determine whether mediation improves breastfeeding confidence and reduces stress, anxiety and depression symptoms in these mothers. Finally investigators will examine the effect on biomarkers obtained through blood and saliva tests of stress, mood and milk production.
Mindfulness-based Interventions (MBIs) are a family of standardized cognitive and behavioral therapies that focus on cultivating mindfulness-related skills for improving maladaptive cognitive, emotional, and behavioral processes. MBIs have been developed for a wide range of problems, disorders, and populations and are increasingly available in a variety of health settings. This mixed methods study proposes to investigate proposed neurobiological, physiological, psycho-social-behavioral, and cognitive mechanisms by which MBIs may improve health outcomes.
This study is to evaluate the effects of the SMART-3RP (Stress Management and Resiliency Training Relaxation Response Resiliency Program) on physician and academic faculty well-being, perceived stress, burnout, compassion, and job satisfaction.
Mothers who deliver prematurely (<37 weeks of gestational age) experience intense stress and anxiety given that their child's survival and development might be compromised. From the existing literature, it is known that a heart rate variability biofeedback (HRVB) program increases heart rate variability (HRV), which in turn, is related to significant reductions in perceived stress and anxiety. This study's aim is to evaluate the feasibility of an HRVB program in a sample of mothers who delivered prematurely.
The purpose of this study to to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and satisfaction of a telehealth cognitive behavioral stress management (CBSM) intervention among adults with cystic fibrosis (CF) who exhibit elevated anxiety and/or depression symptoms.
Grip&Health: randomised trial which will examine the effect of theory-based multicomponent behavioural intervention for reducing stress, smoking and improving financial health and perceived health of low-SES residents in Rotterdam. Between January 2018 and July 2018, a total of 300 participants will be recruited and randomised either to a stress management program (SM), stress management with a buddy program (SM-B) or a control condition. The investigators hypothesise that compared to participants in the control condition, participants in the intervention arms will demonstrate reduced stress, reduced smoking and improved financial health and perceived health.
The integrity of interoceptive networks is linked to resilience against depressive symptoms, whereas degradation of these networks is linked to apathy and deficits in emotion processing. The goal of this study is to compare two major styles of yoga and cardiovascular exercise through a 10-week training program to promote interoceptive awareness. The researchers hypothesize that improvement in affective symptomatology will be correlated with better interoceptive development. Changes in mood related symptoms and interoception will be assessed at baseline, week 12 and week 14, in a cohort of adults aged 18-55.