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The question this study is designed to answer is whether or not the use of a MUSE Meditation Device lowers student registered nurse anesthetist's perception of stress, anxiety, and burnout within the Mayo Clinic Doctorate of Nurse Anesthesia Practice Program.
In the last few decades, the world has seen a significant increase in the occurrence of occupational diseases related to Burnout Syndrome (professional exhaustion) and stress in educators. These disorders affect mental health and teaching activity. In this way, they need to develop socio-emotional skills to cope with the psychosocial stressors related to the school environment. Currently, mindfulness-based therapies have been recommended to help educators acquire emotional self-control, and to improve self-esteem, metacognition, attention, resilience and affectivity, in addition to better the social skills needed in the school milieu. The main objective of the proposed research project is to elaborate a program of Mindfulness-Based Health Promotion - educators (MBHP - educa) to be applied to a population of Brazilian public school educators. The efficacy of the program will be evaluated by cognitive testing. Blood tests for the above-mentioned stress-related molecules will be performed. The goal of developing the MBHP - educa Program is to promote and ameliorate the health care of public school teachers. Developing such a research proposal will contribute to debate and implement public health policies focussed on promoting the health of public school teachers in Brazil.
The main purpose of the pragmatic multicenter RCT is to investigate acceptance and commitment therapy groups in treatment of distress in parents to children with disabilities.in a clinical disability services context. Participants in the study are parents reporting symptoms of depression, anxiety or parenting stress due to parenting a child with disability. The participants have a child/children (0-17 years) currently enrolled in the disability services in Sweden.
The efficacy of guided self-help based on acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) to reduce subjective sense of stress will be investigated in a randomised controlled trial with two condition: 1) ACT-based self-help, and 2) Wait-list control. The outcome at the end of the treatment (week 10) and 6-month follow-up will be assessed. The wail-list condition will be offered ACT-based self-help after the post-assessment.
Patients attending the rapid access gynaecology clinic with a suspicion of endometrial cancer are understandably nervous. Few studies have quantified anxiety and distress of patients in this group. This study surveys anxiety and stress levels of women attending clinic (by filling in an anonymous questionnaire). Additionally, in women who need a tissue biopsy, women are asked to rate their pain scores.
Emergency medicine is notorious for its high rate of burnout and mental health issues. The emergency department (ED) is a high paced work environment dealing with life and death issues. Employees in the ED work shift times that are not conducive to a natural circadian rhythm. All of these factors lead to high rates of burnout and overall dissatisfaction with their career choice. These are known downsides of a career in emergency medicine, but little effort is put into addressing this issue in everyday EDs. Cell phones offer an easy and convenient means to participate in meditation. There are multiple evidence-based meditation apps available to cell phone users free of charge. Meditation has been shown to decrease burnout, rates of depression, and rates of anxiety. We hypothesize that weekly use of a meditation-based cell phone application will improve the mental health of emergency department employees as measured on various wellness inventories.
In India, music is predominantly used as entertainment. Despite ample vedic literature available on the beneficial effects of ragas in Indian music on human mind and body, scientific evidence for the same is extremely meager. This initial systematic study of 6 ragas, is an attempt to provide scientific evidence and validate the use of Indian classical music & thus present the scientific community with a new complementary therapy / non- pharmacological mode of treatment which could be used in prevention of various non-communicable diseases. In our previous study on prehypertensives and hypertensives, blood pressure (BP) reduced significantly after listening to Indian music [raga 'bhimpalas' (raga that normalizes BP)], daily for 3 months. Heart rate variability (HRV) recorded once on recruitment and end of study failed to show any change. On retrospection, we realised that the effect of only a single raga had been tested and the acute effects had not been elucidated. Specifically, EEG waves & cognitive ERPs were not studied. Hence a study encompassing all the 6 ragas that are known to normalize BP as given in literatures such as Gandharva Veda (Sama Veda) & Raga Chikitsa was planned. Among these, 3 ragas are now being studied & data analysis is in line. This proposal is to study the immediate electrophysiological changes with remaining 3 ragas. Music can be prescribed as a cheap and effective adjuvant in the treatment of hypertension along with other lifestyle modifications. To the best of our knowledge, there is scanty literature testing Indian ragas. Thus there is a great need to address this issue.
Gratitude - an emotion felt when an individual receives something beneficial from other people or entities - has been shown to positively affect well-being. Beginning in 2003, "count your blessings" interventions - in which participants list items they are grateful for, and gratitude letter writing interventions were designed to cultivate gratitude. Gratitude interventions have many positive outcomes; they can increase well-being and life satisfaction (Froh, Sefick, & Emmons, 2008) and increase self-esteem (Rash, Matsuba, & Prkachin, 2011) to name a few. Gratitude interventions have been replicated in different populations, such as with adolescents and clinical groups. Knowing the benefits of gratitude prior to an intervention could affect participant behavior and health outcomes. Past studies have illustrated that sharing information about treatments changes expectations and improves outcomes (Zion & Crum, 2018). For instance, overt medical treatments are more effective than hidden ones (Colloca, Lopiano, Lanotte, & Benedetti, 2004). The proposed study is designed to evaluate whether expectations about intervention efficacy can enhance the benefits of a brief gratitude intervention. Specifically, the investigators will test if providing information on the benefits of gratitude will enhance intervention outcomes. This 3-armed randomized controlled trial will have the following conditions: gratitude + expectation, gratitude, and events control. Participants will be undergraduate college students and the online intervention will last two weeks. Participants in the two gratitude conditions will login to an online form three times a week for two weeks and make entries of up to five things they are grateful for. The form for participants in the gratitude + expectation condition will also provide information about benefits of gratitude. An everyday events control will be used to provide a neutral comparison condition. This group will be instructed to type up to five things or events of note from their day on their form. Outcome measures will be collected via an online survey before and immediately after the intervention. The primary outcome is well-being and the secondary outcomes are sleep quality and quantity, state gratitude, positive affect, healthcare self-efficacy, stress, and depressive symptoms. The investigators predict that participants in the gratitude + expectation condition will have enhanced intervention outcomes compared to participants in comparison conditions.
It is anticipated that Audio-Visual-Perception-Enhancement (AVWF®) method leads to pain reduction and a decrease of inflammatory markers in chronic pain patients. Also an improvement of quality of life, self-perceived disability and depression in chronic pain patients is expected.
In Finland about 50% of surgical operations for all under 16 years of age are made as day surgery which means that the patient comes to the hospital and is discharged on the day of the operation. Day surgery will continue to grow in the next few years. Its benefits include shorter hospitalization, family reunion and rapid recovery. The preschool children and their parents who come in for day surgery feel fear, anxiety and stress, which depend on the amount of knowledge and its quality. By developing the preparation of preschool children and their parents for day surgery, and by testing new methods more attention can be paid to the special features of day surgery, supporting the families, and increasing family involvement in the whole process. The purpose of this study is to describe and evaluate the effectiveness of a new mobile application intervention compared to the effectiveness of the traditional preparing method when measuring preschool children's fear and pain and their parents' anxiety and stress. The aim is to produce new information and to develop day surgery of preschool children. The study consist of two phases. The first phase of the research is a systematic literature review and meta-analysis. The purpose of the review is to assess and describe the methods previously used in the preparation of parental day surgery and their effectiveness for preschool children fear and pain and parents' anxiety and stress. The second phase of the study is carried out as a randomized controlled trial (=RCT). The parents of the preschool children are randomized to the mobile application group (n = 50-60) and the control group (n = 50-60). The sample size is based on power-analysis, with anxiety as the primary outcome. The material for the second phase of the study is collected at the day surgery department of the Oulu University Hospital. The study group is prepared for day surgery with a new mobile application and the control group according to the traditional preparing method. The study examines the effectiveness of a new intervention compared to the effectiveness of the traditional preparing method when measuring preschool children's fear and pain and their parents' anxiety and stress. The collected data are analyzed using the Mann-Whitney, t-test, Khi square test, and Fisher's accurate test.