There are about 153 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in United Arab Emirates. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
To examine the impact of health determinants at the individual (e.g. health related behaviors) and societal level (e.g. environmental factors, health related policy, quality of health systems) on health outcomes (e.g. death, non-communicable disease development) across a range of socioeconomic and health resource settings. Additional components of this study will examine genetic factors for non-communicable diseases. This will be examined both through a cross sectional component, and prospectively (cohort component).
It had been shown that high percentage of severe preeclampsia patients got a high cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) due to abnormal autoregulation of cerebral blood vessels with associated endothelial dysfunction and disrupted blood brain barrier. Moreover, patients with high CPP is more likely to present with headache compared to other patients with normal CPP.In this particular scenario, use of magnesium sulphate is associated with marked reduction of CPP and. hence prevention of cerebral damage.This hypothesis was confirmed by new magnetic resonance techniques that demonstrated brain edema in eclampsia/ severe preeclampsia patient mostly due to vasogenic edema and less commonly attributed to cytotoxic edema. Changes in the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) mirrors the changes in the Intracranial pressure(ICP), subsequently when the intracranial pressure increases the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONDS) also increases. The aim of this study is to determine the effect Magnesium sulphate infusion on intracranial pressure, in patients presented with severe preeclampsia by measuring changes in the ONSD using ultrasound examination.
Lupus Low Disease Activity State (LLDAS) study is an international, multi-centre prospective study, developed by the Asia Pacific Lupus Collaboration (APLC) to investigate whether the attainment of LLDAS is associated with improved outcomes in patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). SLE, or lupus, is the archetypal multisystem autoimmune disease, with an estimated incidence of 5-50 cases per 100,000 people. Patients with SLE, usually young women, suffer a marked loss of life expectancy, and severe morbidity, due to a heterogeneous range of clinical manifestations caused by autoimmune-mediated inflammation of multiple organs. The most severe manifestations of SLE are the accrual of irreversible organ damage, especially renal and central nervous system (CNS) involvement. As there is no effective targeted monotherapy for SLE, patients also suffer severe toxicity from the use of glucocorticoids and broad-spectrum immunosuppressive therapies. Despite combination therapy with current drugs, many studies show that the majority of patients suffer inadequate disease control and inexorably accrue permanent organ damage over time. The diversity of clinical features of active SLE has made quantification of disease activity problematic. Although there are a number of published systems in use to measure SLE disease activity, there are widely acknowledged problems with these instruments. Published definitions of remission are so stringent that they are met by less than 5% of patients. This lead to the realisation that rather than lupus remission, a lupus low disease activity state target may be more feasible, and that patients with low disease activity are more homogeneous than patients with active disease. Thus, the development of a definition of lupus low disease activity, which is feasible and has face validity, escapes the complexity of attempts to quantify heterogeneous states of active disease. In this study, the investigators will prospectively collect longitudinal data on consecutive SLE patients at each centre to evaluate the LLDAS definition. Protection from organ damage accrual as the primary endpoint.
Hemodialysis (HD) patients have decreased physical functioning, diminished muscle mass and altered muscle quality thus the increased mortality rate compared to their age-matched population. Risk factors include their sedentary lifestyle and altered nutritional status ; the sedentary lifestyle or the lack of exercise is known to be a risk factor for cardiovascular complications  and contributes to worsen protein energy wasting (PEW), which is described as the loss of body protein mass and fuel reserves . Therefore the health of the HD patients and consequently their quality of life (QOL) is deteriorated. Studies have shown that aerobic exercise during HD improves aerobic capacity, blood pressure, heart rate, muscular strength, dialysis efficacy and quality of life; however, such studies were not done on the United Arab Emirates (UAE) HD patients and there is no protocol for implementing exercise in the UAE HD units [3-4] Hypothesis: Intradialytic aerobic exercise will result in significantly improved clinical, cardio-metabolic and quality of life outcomes and reduced cost of care. Primary objective of the study: - To investigate whether the intradialytic exercise (IDE) within the routine practice of hemodialysis in the UAE will improve adequacy of dialysis. Secondary objectives of the study: - To study the effect of clinical and cardio-metabolic outcomes of the HD patients. - Explore whether the trial would improve the cost effectiveness of this patient population's health care - Define the nature of the IDE programs (intensity, duration, modality), and feasibility of its application in routine setting. Importance of this research: - Pioneering research in the Middle East and Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries where the effect of intradialytic exercise will be studied for the first time on Arab population. - It will contribute in identifying the exact strategies to integrate within the hemodialysis unit to improve clinical and cardio-metabolic outcomes, quality of life and healthcare cost. Usefulness of this research to the UAE - It will improve the health care cost and reduce cost wastage in the UAE (lean management). - It will put UAE on the pedestal in front of other countries in integrating innovative methods for a better care of hemodialysis patients.
To describe AMH serum levels dynamics during natural cycle using an automated assay.
A prospective, multi-centre, epidemiological observational study designed to evaluate the prevalence of BRCA1 and BRCA2 (BReast CAncer gene) mutations in current and newly diagnosed ovarian cancer patients across different countries in the Gulf region. This study will also describe the epidemiological features for the disease for the enrolled patients.
To determine the correlation between bioavailable Vitamin D values and euploid status of the embryos in larger size follicles from UAE women undergoing in vitro fertilization procedures.
To determine the impact of Midazolam levels in follicular fluid on morpho-kinetics and morpho-genetics. The reason to measure Midazolam levels in larger size follicles in this study is to maximize the chances to get a mature oocyte and therefore develop into a potential embryo to be analyzed.
This study will evaluate the use of autologous bone marrow derived stem cells (BMSC) for the treatment of retinal and optic nerve damage or disease.
This open-label, prospective, multi-center, non-interventional, observational, parallel cohort study intends to provide real life data on the treatment duration, effectiveness and safety of tedizolid and linezolid when treating ABSSSI hospitalized patients in a real practice setting.