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Clinical Trial Summary

Introduction: The distal radial technique which consists of canalizing the radial artery through the anatomical snuffbox has recently emerged as an alternative arterial intervention for diagnostic and therapeutic coronary catheterization.

Aims: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of the distal transradial approach (dTRA) as a default route for coronary angiography (CAG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Clinical Trial Description

Conventional transradial intervention is now considered the first intention technique for coronary access. The principal advantages are the increase in safety due to the reduction of major bleeding complications, as well as an increase in the patient's comfort due to the immediate post-procedure mobilization.

The safety of conventional transradial catheterization is determined mainly by the favorable anatomical relationship between the radial artery and the adjacent structures. No important vein or nerve is located near the artery, which minimizes the chances of damaging these structures. Due to the superficial trajectory of the radial artery, hemostasis can be easily performed with local compression. Traumatic or thrombotic arterial occlusion does not put the viability of the hand at risk while there is an adequate collateral blood flow from the ulnar artery, or from the interosseous artery.

Among the expected complications and limitations for future interventions is radial artery occlusion, which is estimated to occur in 1-10% of patients undergoing transradial intervention, and it has been considered the "Achilles heel" of transradial intervention for patients who eventually require new coronary interventions due to the complexity of their cardiac disease, because it originates in the sheath insertion site due to endothelial damage, blood flow cessation, and secondary thrombosis, and has an early occurrence after transradial catheterization. The radial artery occlusion is clinically silent due to the blood flow supply through the ulnar artery, which becomes a significant problem just at the time of the study execution, enhancing the interventionist cardiologist to perform a new vascular access.

The distal radial technique, which consists of canalizing the radial artery through the anatomical structure called the snuffbox (anatomical snuffbox, radial fossa, fovea radialis) on the dorsal aspect of the hand, has recently emerged as an alternative arterial intervention for diagnostic and therapeutic coronary catheterization, allowing the conservation of the radial artery for classical transradial intervention in patients who, according to the complexity of their heart disease, require new coronary interventions.

Another important characteristic of this technique is a proximal puncture of the short artery of the thumb and distally to the branch that irrigates the superficial palmar arch. This is because an occlusion at this site maintains anterograde flow towards the superficial palmar arch. This reduces the risk of formation of retrograde thrombus in the proximal radial artery located in the forearm, a frequent finding in patients who develop radial artery occlusion due to traumatic punctures or traumatic hemostasis at the traditional radial puncture site. Flow towards the thumb is maintained by way of the superficial palmar arch, preventing ischemia and disability of the hand.

This technique of distal transradial intervention has been performed in Mexico since 2017. The present research aims to describe the characteristics, complications, and benefits of this procedure carried out on a consecutive series of patients in a Latin-American centre. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT03948165
Study type Observational [Patient Registry]
Source CMN "20 de Noviembre"
Status Completed
Start date November 30, 2017
Completion date December 30, 2018

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