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Prospective, multicenter, single arm registry to monitor post-market clinical outcomes of patients treated with Inspiron Sirolimus-Eluting Stent with Biodegradable Polymer.
The PACO trial is a randomized clinical trial conducted in Heart Centers of Kuopio and Turku university hospitals. The coronary artery disease, aortic valve stenosis and mitral valve insufficiency patients preparing for elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), aortic valve replacement (AVR) or mitral valve repair (MVR) will be randomized to either intervention or control group. The specific operation groups (CABG, AVR and MVR) will be analyzed separately. The 7-day baseline measurements of sedentary behaviour (SB), physical activity (PA) and sleep will be conducted to the patients by using the RM42 accelerometer during the pre-operative month. After the cardiac procedure is completed and the patient is moved to post-operative ward, the control group patients will begin the standard post-operative rehabilitation program of the participating hospitals (activity guidance given by a physiotherapist). Patients in the intervention groups will follow the identical program but after discharge they will also receive personalized activity guidance through the combination of ExSed smart phone application, Suunto MoveSense accelerometer and cloud system during the first 90 days of post-operative rehabilitation. Weekly evolving daily goals to replace SB with PA (daily goals for steps, moderate PA, light PA and standing, and sitting time limit) will be designed for each patient of the intervention groups. A new daily step goal will be delivered from the cloud system to the patient's smart phone in the beginning of each week of the intervention. The daily step goal of the first intervention week is based on patient's walking distance assessed by a physiotherapist in post-operative ward. The following goals will be automatically evolved in the basis of patient's personal average step count of the previous week. The MoveSense accelerometer will measure accumulated levels of SB, PA and sleep, and transmit the data to user's ExSed application with Bluetooth. With information about accumulated levels of SB and PA, the application is able to guide the patient to accomplish the predefined activity goal. The guidance and motivation will be offered with pop-up notifications and histograms (columns are fulfilled according to patient's accumulated daily activity). The researches retain a remote access to the activity data of patients in the cloud system. The ExSed application will be connected to the cloud system with internet connection. In addition, the patients of the intervention groups will receive short video files (lasting from 1 to 3 minutes) containing exercise guidance from a physiotherapist specialized to cardiac operation patients. These videos are available on the ExSed application during the intervention. The physiotherapist will also contact each patient (by mobile phone) with structured contact form from 1 to 4 times in a month to make sure that the intervention is proceeding as designed.
The aim of this Real-world study in China is evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of Paclitaxel Eluting Balloon Catheter in Coronary de-novo lesions(target vessel diameter:2.5mm-4.0mm)Treatment. And the primary point of this study is the target lesion failure of 12 months after surgery.
Pre-habilitation programs that combine physical training, nutritional support and emotional reinforcement have demonstrated efficacy as presurgical optimization strategies in the context of digestive surgery. The experience in patients at risk for cardiac surgery, one of those associated with higher morbidity and mortality, is anecdotal. Main objective: to evaluate the feasibility, efficacy and cost-effectiveness of a pre-habilitation program for the improvement of preoperative functional capacity in high-risk and intermediate risk groups for cardiac surgery and its impact on the reduction of postoperative complications (primary endpoint). Secondary objectives: (i) in-hospital stay; (ii) symptoms, quality of life, (iii) evaluation of information and communication technologies (ICT) as a support for the pre-habilitation, and (iv) design and validation of indicators for a future large-scale implementation of this type of intervention. Design: Subproject: #1: Prospective study of the efficacy of prehabilitation in heart transplant candidates during the study period. The results will be compared with historical records; #2: Randomized controlled trial with a 1:1 ratio to assess the efficacy of prehabilitation in patients undergoing elective coronary revascularization or valve replacement surgery. Subjects: Subproject #1: 40 patients candidates for heart transplantation. Subproject #2: 80 patients in the prehabilitation group and 80 controls in which a conventional treatment will be performed. Intervention: (i) personalized supervised resistance training, and (ii) program to promote physical activity and healthy lifestyles. The overall duration of the intervention is estimated to be at least 4-6 weeks (variable in each subproject). The support with ICTs will be a significant aspect of the program in which the adaptation of the personal health folder of Catalonia (Cat@SalutLaMevaSalut) will be fundamental.
It is a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the Medtronic Resolute Onyx™ Zotarolimus-Eluting Coronary Stent System in comparison with the Medtronic Resolute Integrity™ Zotarolimus-Eluting coronary stent system in the treatment of subjects eligible for percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in China.
Background Physical activity (PA), is an effective means of protecting against cardiovascular disease (CVD) development. PA refers to any skeletal muscle bodily movement that requires energy expenditure. Research shows that low- to moderate-intensity muscle endurance exercise, such as walking or brisk walking for about 15-20 minutes per day, is associated with a significantly lower CVD risk regardless of body mass index. Mobile technologies such as smartphone physical exercise apps offer a potentially cost-effective platform for facilitating regular exercise, allowing individuals to set goals, receiving feedback on achievements and health information for facilitating regular exercise. "Zero-time Exercise" (ZTE) is a new concept for physical activities (PA) and exercise promotion and can easily attract attention especially when most people believe that extra time is needed to do exercise. ZTE can be done easily during most time of day, while sitting, standing, walking or waiting. These include simple movements, such as stretching and resistance (endurance) movements of the head, neck and shoulders, chest and abdominal muscles and the upper and lower limbs. When ZTE is integrated into daily life and sustained with increasing intensity, the effects could be substantial, especially for those who are sedentary and have difficulties to meet the minimal requirements of 150 minutes of at least moderate PA per week. The term is also intended to motivate people to start with simple exercises (the 'Foot-in-the-door' approach), change the mindset (that exercises need much time, money and sweats) and overcome the inertia from a sedentary lifestyle to become more active. It could also be a way to promote mental health (such as increasing happiness) through PA or exercises and enjoying the fun and satisfaction from the rapid improvements in fitness performances. Having brought some easily observable benefits quickly to those who are willing to try for a few days, ZTE might lead to more intensive or vigorous exercises requiring extra time for greater benefits. Objective: To test the feasibility [recruitment, dropout, and adherence to PA] of using whatsapp as an inertia reminder to promote the adherence of Zero-time Exercises (ZTE) in patients with CHD.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety of reducing dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) duration to 1 month after implantation of the everolimus-eluting cobalt-chromium stent (CoCr-EES) under the setting of acute coronary syndrome (ACS).
The purpose of this trial is to investigate the relationship between DNA methylation and hydroxymethylation and the expression of DNMTs, TET family gen and coronary heart disease.
Primary Objective: To assess the pharmacodynamic effects of SAR247799 on macrovascular endothelial function of the brachial artery using flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Secondary Objective: - To assess the pharmacodynamic effects of SAR247799 on microvascular endothelial function using laser Doppler perfusion monitoring in patients with T2DM. - To assess the safety profile of SAR247799 in patients with T2DM. - To assess the plasma pharmacokinetic profile of SAR247799 in patients with T2DM.
To evaluate the long-term outcome of chronic total occlusion (CTO) patients underwent contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) techniques, we design this single-center, large-sample, prospective registry with five-year clinical follow-up, based on the intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) finding.