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Clinical Trial Summary

Pulmonary dysfunction is a condition inherent in cardiac surgery because of various interventions, such as general anesthesia, a median sternotomy, cardiopulmonary bypass and establishment of internal thoracic artery dissection.

In situations when there is a deterioration in oxygenation, increased positive pressure on the airways end pressure (PEEP) can be used as therapeutic mode by reversing severe hypoxemia resulting pulmonary shunt. But the use of PEEP has been associated to reduced cardiac output, due mainly to decrease systemic venous return consequent to increased intrathoracic pressure, and thus might reduce tissue oxygenation. Moreover, the increased transpulmonary gradient may also impair right ventricular ejection exacerbating the hemodynamic consequences in some patients, which in clinical practice this diagnosis may be difficult to perform.

In hypovolemic patients or those with cardiac changes may become even more pronounced, resulting in accentuation of low flow and systemic hypotension entailing changes in markers of tissue perfusion commonly measured by venous saturation central difference venoarterial carbon dioxide and lactate. The hypothesis of the investigators is that PEEP of 10 cmH2O and 15 cmH2O can be applied to reverse lung damage in patients in the immediate postoperative myocardial revascularization without repercussion tissue importantly in markers of tissue perfusion.

The objective is to evaluate the effects of different optimization levels of PEEP on gas exchange and influences the tissue perfusion after coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

Clinical Trial Description

This is a prospective, randomized study and will be performed on patients who accept coronary artery bypass grafting with cardiopulmonary bypass, the conscious openness to participate in the study. Age, sex, body mass index (BMI), smoking habits, diagnosis, additional diseases, drugs used, surgery, intervention, peroperative supportive treatments, left ventricular ejection fraction, post operative blood and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time (min), cross clamp time (min), duration of operation, postoperative extubation period, intensive care day of hospitalization, day of hospitalization will be recorded.The study was planned in 3 groups. Group G5 (control group: no changes will be made to the value of PEEP). Group G10 [after 30 minutes of admission (time 0) the PEEP will be raised to 10 cmH2O (time1) for 30 minutes and then returned to 5 cmH2O (time 2)]. Group G15 [after 30 minutes of admission (time 0) the PEEP will be raised to 15 cmH2O (time 1) for 30 minutes and then returned to 5 cm H2O (time 2)]. At each time of protocol (0, 1 and 2) will be collected: arterial blood gas measurements (partial pressure of arterial oxygen [PaO2] and partial pressure of carbon dioxide ([PaCO2]), the ratio between the partial oxygen pressure, inspired oxygen fraction (PaO2/FiO2) and pH. Also, will be performed parameters of tissue perfusion: central venous oxygen saturation ([SVO2]), arterial blood lactate, venoarterial CO2 difference ([Dif VA CO2]) and vital signs. In all other respects, treatment will follow the standard of care. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT03753022
Study type Interventional
Source Federal University of São Paulo
Status Active, not recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date January 2012
Completion date December 2019

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