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Clinical Trial Summary

In patients with locally advanced hormone receptor positive (HR+)/HER2- breast cancer, neoadjuvant chemotherapy produces a pathologic complete response rate (pCR) of only 9-15%, and late recurrences often occur despite neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Therefore, there is an unmet clinical need to improve the outcomes of these patients. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) infiltration leads to poor outcomes in breast cancer patients by promoting angiogenesis, activating epithelial-mesenchymal transition, degrading the extracellular matrix, and suppressing the anti-tumor immune response. Pre-clinical studies, as summarized above, have shown that the breast cancer immune microenvironment may be reprogrammed by targeting colony-stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) to decrease TAM infiltration and increase CD8+ TIL infiltration, in order to foster antitumor immunity and improve response to therapy.

Here, the investigators propose a phase I dose-escalation study in patients with locally advanced HR+/HER2- breast cancer to determine the feasibility of adding MCS110, a CSF-1 inhibitor, to the standard neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimen of dose-dense doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel. The investigators will also include a dose expansion cohort for preliminary efficacy analysis and correlative studies. The investigators propose that if they can decrease the TAM-induced immunosuppression and TAM-induced chemoresistance observed in breast cancer patients, then the patients' own immune system could find and destroy the dormant and resistant tumor cells, and combined with enhanced chemotherapy efficacy, the investigators will see durable remissions and long term cures.


Clinical Trial Description

n/a


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT03285607
Study type Interventional
Source Washington University School of Medicine
Contact
Status Withdrawn
Phase Phase 1
Start date September 30, 2018
Completion date February 28, 2021

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