View clinical trials related to Breast Neoplasms.Filter by:
Fertility is of great importance to young women with cancer. Concerns about the ability to become pregnant after cancer treatment may influence treatment decisions and fertility decision-making is challenging. Despite these challenges, there is a lack of fertility decision support tools. Our team developed the Begin Exploring Fertility Options, Risks and Expectations (BEFORE) decision aid for young breast cancer patients in Canada. This study aims to evaluate the implementation of the BEFORE decision aid in hospital settings through a stepped wedge cluster randomized trial.
To determine the efficacy of ablative carbon dioxide laser in the treatment of the signs and symptoms of vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA) or genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) in women with breast cancer.
This study will look at the safety and effectiveness of the combination of palbociclib and letrozole and ovarian suppression for premenopausal patients who have ER-positive/HER2-negative breast cancer that has not yet been treated.
Prospective, multicentric, non-randomized phase II study evaluating the surgical treatment by mastectomy with immediate prosthetic breast reconstruction in patients with breast cancer and receiving adjuvant therapy by TomoTherapy +/-Chemotherapy. Patients with non-inflammatory and non-metastatic invasive mammary carcinoma will be included in this study. The study procedure will be a surgical treatment by mastectomy with immediate prosthetic breast reconstruction followed by an adjuvant therapy: TomoTherapy +/-Chemotherapy (radiation therapy alone or preceded by chemotherapy). The nature of the chemotherapy treatment will be decided according to the standards of each center. The patients will be followed for the study up to 36 months after the surgical procedure.
The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of a 6-mo individualized and specialized food-based nutrition intervention program in breast cancer patients' body composition, metabolism and antioxidant activity associated with micronutrients, during antineoplastic treatment. It is a quasi-experimental prospective follow-up study of women with primary diagnosis of invasive breast cancer in Sonora, Mexico. Conducted between September 2015 through July 2018. The Ethics and Research Committees of The Oncology State Centre and the Food and Development Research Centre, have approved the study's protocol and procedures. At baseline, all participants must sign an informed consent form and answer an oral interview, including self-reported questionnaires, for their nutrition record. At the beginning and 6-mo after, participants will be weighed during the morning in a digital scale and height will be measured using a digital stadiometer. Body mass index (BMI) will be calculated and classified according to the World Health Organization criteria. Waist and hip circumferences will be measured with a metal tape, according to the protocol of the International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK), by a certified anthropometrist. Body composition components will be measured in a dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (Hologic Corporation 4500 Waltham, MA) by total body, L1-L4, and femur neck scans. Blood samples will be drawn by a certified phlebotomist using sterile equipment and aseptic techniques. Breast cancer patients' total energy expenditure will be estimated using an algorithm for Mexican population. Diet plans and recommendations will be based on the individual's nutritional status, dietary habits, symptoms and treatment side-effects, socioeconomic and cultural preferences; as well as the WCRF/AICR guidelines adapting 1.5g/kg/d of dietary protein to avoid sarcopenic obesity and considering a caloric restriction (500-1000 kcal/d), when required. The individualized nutrition intervention program will be based on the macronutrient meal-equivalent menu method, and standard food servings will be based on the Mexican Food Equivalent System. To guarantee that the obtained content for each macronutrient (g/day) meets the theoretical calculations, protein ±1g/d, total fat ±1g/d, carbohydrates ±2g/d and energy ±15 kcal/d variations will be accepted. Breast cancer patients follow-up will be every 2-weeks and a different diet menu will be provided in each session by a specialized dietitian, unto 6-mo are completed, and initial measurements will be repeated. The differences in body composition determinants will be analyzed using paired Student's t-test analysis for each variable. A two-tailed P-value of 0.05 or less will be considered significant. Retinol, tocopherol and carotenoids determination will be performed using HPLC. Serum will be thawed and retinol will be extracted using chloroform:methanol (3:1) and hexane, extracted layers will be combined and then evaporated to dryness under a soft stream of nitrogen. Samples will be re-suspended in ethanol before injecting onto the HPLC using a YMC C-30 column (30 cm length, 4.6 mm internal diameter, 3 µm particle size and 100 mm pore size). The HPLC system is an Agilent 1200 with UV-Vis and PDA detectors. Commercial standards and internal standards will be used to assess concentration and extraction efficiency, respectively. Additionally, the investigators will use a standard NIST serum (National Institute of Standards and Technology; Gaithersburg, Maryland USA). The cut-off point for vitamin A deficient status will be set at < 1.05 μmol /L. The plasma antioxidant capacity will be determined by the trolox-equivalent antioxidant capacity test (TEAC) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity assay (ORAC). For both assays, results will be expressed as millimoles of Trolox equivalents per liter. The effect and their interaction on the response variables will be determined by ANOVA. Tukey's test will be used for the comparison of the means. Values of p<0.05 will be accepted as statistically significant. Human inflammatory cytokines and chemokines will be analyzed by using a panel of 12 pro-inflammatory cytokines as a conventional ELISA protocol all at once under uniform conditions. The cytokines and chemokines represented by this array will be IL1A, IL1B, IL2, IL4, IL6, IL8, IL10, IL12, IL17A, IFNg, TNFa, and GM-CSF. Plasma activities of both enzymes, glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) will be determined in baseline samples and after 6-mo, by using an ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) based upon a sandwich assay principle and can be used to detect levels of SOD as low as 0.066 ng/mL and 1.56 ng/mL for GPx.
The goal of this study is to evaluate an educational video intervention (called Starting the Conversation) aimed to enhance breast cancer patients' beliefs about and communication with respect to sexual concerns. In the current study, 128 breast cancer outpatients will be randomized to either participate in the video intervention and to receive a resource guide addressing sexual and menopausal health or to receive the resource guide alone. Patients will be asked to participate in the video and/or read through the resource guide prior to their clinic visit with their breast cancer provider. The investigators will examine effects of the interventions on patients' beliefs about communication about sexual health and on patients' communication about sexual health during clinic visits with their providers. Secondarily, the investigators will examine effects of the interventions on sexual outcomes and other health outcomes, including psychological well-being and health-related QOL.
The standard or usual treatment for this disease is to undergo chemotherapy to slow the spread of the disease and relieve some symptoms of cancer. Patients will have already had at least one chemotherapy treatment for their disease at this stage.
This phase II trial studies how well hypofractionated radiation therapy works in treating participants with breast cancer before surgery. Hypofractionated radiation therapy delivers higher doses of radiation therapy over a shorter period of time and may kill more tumor cells and have fewer side effects.
Prospective, single-center study in women who have recently had an abnormal mammogram followed by a breast biopsy or women who have recently had a normal screening mammogram
The purpose of this study is to find out how effective the combination of crizotinib and fulvestrant is in shrinking lobular breast cancer tumours. The investigators will also be assessing the side effects of the combination of crizotinib tablets and fulvestrant injections. The side effects and the doses of crizotinib and fulvestrant have already been evaluated in large clinical trials, but this is the first time these two drugs will be combined together.