Clinical Trials Logo

Clinical Trial Summary

The goal of this study is to develop a "bedside to bench" model of clinical and biological predictors for toxicity to adjuvant and neoadjuvant chemotherapy in older adults with breast cancer. The investigators will develop a predictive model using clinical and biological predictors of toxicity to adjuvant and neoadjuvant chemotherapy in older adults with breast cancer. The investigators will also determine the association between clinical and biological factors and reduced relative dose intensity of the prescribed chemotherapy regimen. In addition, the investigators will explore specific chemotherapy toxicities associated with reduced relative dose intensity of a prescribed regimen.

Clinical Trial Description

Although cancer is a disease associated with aging, there is no standard tool in oncology practice that incorporates clinical and biological factors to identify older adults with cancer who may be more vulnerable to the toxicity of chemotherapy. It is generally recognized that chronological age tells relatively little about an older adult's physiological age. Oncologists allude to this when they describe an older adult as: "a 'young' 80-year-old" or "an 'old' 80-year-old," implying factors other than age contribute to the health status of an older adult. Geriatricians address this by routinely performing a "geriatric assessment," which measures independent clinical predictors of morbidity and mortality in older adults. In addition, several potential biomarkers of aging have been described that are associated with functional decline and mortality among older adults. This study will identify whether novel biomarkers of aging can predict risk of chemotherapy toxicity. The current proposal will fill this knowledge gap by melding the principles of geriatrics with those of oncology to create a tool to assess the clinical and biological risk factors for chemotherapy toxicity in older adults.

Furthermore, this study will determine the association between chemotherapy toxicity and dose reductions and/or delays that decrease chemotherapy dose intensity. Maintenance of chemotherapy dose intensity is necessary to maintain chemotherapy efficacy. Older adults are at risk for chemotherapy toxicity and if this toxicity results in decreased dose intensity, the benefits of chemotherapy will be compromised. This study will identify the association between clinical and biological predictors of grade 2-5 toxicity and relative dose intensity. Furthermore, this study will identify the specific dose-limiting toxicities. These data will provide evidence-based criteria to identify those patients whose projected risk of toxicity would limit dose intensity and compromise the efficacy of standard treatment. These data could serve as the basis for "vulnerable elderly trials" which would study an alternate therapy regimen in patients who are predicted to have a significant risk of toxicity (and compromised efficacy) with the standard regimen.

This proposal unites the fields of geriatrics and oncology, incorporating geriatric correlates of vulnerability and studying their impact in an aging oncology population. These data will be used to develop a predictive equation for the risk of chemotherapy toxicity that can be utilized in daily oncology practice. These data will facilitate decision-making regarding the risks and benefits of adjuvant chemotherapy in older adults with breast cancer and ultimately serve as a foundation on which to identify older adults at risk for chemotherapy toxicity in order to guide interventions to decrease this risk. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT01472094
Study type Observational
Source City of Hope Medical Center
Status Active, not recruiting
Start date September 9, 2011
Completion date April 2019

See also
  Status Clinical Trial Phase
Recruiting NCT03095352 - A Randomized Phase II Study of Pembrolizumab, an Anti-PD (Programmed Cell Death)-1 Antibody, in Combination With Carboplatin Compared to Carboplatin Alone in Breast Cancer Patients With Chest Wall Disease Phase 2
Recruiting NCT03544762 - Correlation of 16α-[18F]Fluoro-17β-estradiol PET Imaging With ESR1 Mutation Phase 3
Recruiting NCT03284957 - Phase 1 / 2 Study of SAR439859 Single Agent and in Combination With Palbociclib in Postmenopausal Women With Estrogen Receptor Positive Advanced Breast Cancer Phase 1/Phase 2
Completed NCT00341939 - Retrospective Analysis of a Drug-Metabolizing Genotype in Cancer Patients and Correlation With Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamics Data
Active, not recruiting NCT01857193 - Phase Ib Trial of LEE011 With Everolimus (RAD001) and Exemestane in the Treatment of Hormone Receptor Positive HER2 Negative Advanced Breast Cancer Phase 1
Recruiting NCT03432429 - REI-EXCISE iKnife Study N/A
Active, not recruiting NCT02139358 - Phase I/IIa Trial of Gemcitabine Plus Trastuzumab and Pertuzumab in Previously Treated Metastatic HER2+ Breast Cancer Phase 1/Phase 2
Completed NCT03323333 - Psychosocial Intervention Pilot for Partners in BRCA Testing N/A
Terminated NCT01649258 - Fosaprepitant Dimeglumine and Granisetron Transdermal System in Preventing Nausea and Vomiting in Patients With Breast Cancer Undergoing Chemotherapy Phase 1
Recruiting NCT03473639 - A Pilot Study of the Combination of Entinostat With Capecitabine in High Risk Breast Cancer After Neo-adjuvant Therapy Phase 1
Not yet recruiting NCT03285607 - MCS110 Combined With Neoadjuvant Doxorubicin, Cyclophosphamide, and Weekly Paclitaxel in Patients With Hormone-Receptor Positive and HER2- Breast Cancer Phase 1
Completed NCT03384511 - The Use of 18F-ALF-NOTA-PRGD2 PET/CT Scan to Predict the Efficacy and Adverse Events of Apatinib in Malignancies. Phase 4
Recruiting NCT01992432 - Brain Functional MRI in Older Women With Breast Cancer (Brain fMRI-BC)
Completed NCT01943500 - Collection of Blood Specimens for Circulating Tumor Cell Analysis N/A
Not yet recruiting NCT03587259 - Innovation in Mammography: Tomosynthesis Pathways N/A
Not yet recruiting NCT03433313 - Efficacy and Safety Study of EG12014 Compared With Herceptin in Subjects With HER2 Positive Early Breast Cancer Phase 3
Completed NCT02371174 - Post-Marketing Surveillance Study of Eribulin on the Status and Factors for the Development of Peripheral Neuropathy in Japan.
Not yet recruiting NCT03273348 - Role of Oncoplastic Breast Surgery In Breast Cancer Treatement N/A
Active, not recruiting NCT02225470 - Eribulin Versus Vinorelbine in Subjects With Locally Recurrent or Metastatic Breast Cancer Previously Treated With Anthracyclines and Taxanes Phase 3
Completed NCT01881230 - Evaluate Risk/Benefit of Nab Paclitaxel in Combination With Gemcitabine and Carboplatin Compared to Gemcitabine and Carboplatin in Triple Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer (or Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer) Phase 2/Phase 3