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The majority of the over one million annual AHF hospitalizations originate from the emergency department. Admitting and re-admitting lower risk AHF patients who don't need prolonged hospitalization may increase their risk for poor outcomes and decrease their quality of life: Safe alternatives to hospitalization from the ED are needed. We propose a strategy-of-care, short stay unit management of AHF (i.e. less than 24 hours), will lead to improved outcomes for lower risk AHF patients.
Acute heart failure is a life threatening condition requiring rapid diagnosis and treatment. However, the differentiation between heart failure and other conditions presenting with acute dyspnea is notoriously difficult in the emergency room. Point-of-care lung ultrasound is a simple, rapid and noninvasive technique directly visualizing fluid content in the lung as evidence for acute heart failure. A number of publications showed the diagnostic utility of lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of heart failure, but many open questions remain. The goal of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of lung ultrasound to predict a cardiac origin of dyspnea in unselected patients in the emergency room as compared to standard evaluation. Further goals are to evaluate if lung ultrasound provides additional diagnostic information as compared to clinical examination, NT-proBNP and chest X-ray, to compare the diagnostic accuracy of lung ultrasound in different patient subgroups (heart failure with preserved vs reduced ejection fraction, de novo vs decompensated chronic heart failure, age ≥75 vs <75 years, women vs men and presence vs absence of concomitant pulmonary disease) and to compare demographics and clinical characteristics in different patient populations. 300 patients, aged ≥18 years presenting to the emergency room (ER) with acute dyspnoe as principal complaint will undergo initial clinical assessment of the likely etiology of dyspnea by the ER physician in charge. The second assessment by the same physician will include results of NT-proBNP according to predefined cutoffs. Final diagnosis ("Gold Standard") will be done by two experienced investigators after patient discharge taking into account the complete medical record except the results of lung ultrasound. Assessment of chest X-ray and lung ultrasound by investigators will be preforemd blinded regarding all other results.
Dynamic variations of bio-impedance measured cardiac output using pharmacologic (inhaled nitrate) and non pharmacologic intervention (sitting position, passive leg rising and valsalva maneuver) could be used to detect acute heart failure in patients admitted to the ED for dyspnea.
Safety and performance evaluation of the Doraya catheter in patients admitted with AHF.
There are always poor outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction(AMI) combined with elevated BNP/NT-proBNP level. An elevated BNP/NT-proBNP level highly indicates acute heart failure(AHF).Levosimendan is recommended in many clinical trials of heart failure and Chinese heart failure guidelines. As a result, the investigators form a hypothesis that when patients with AMI combined with elevated BNP/NT-proBNP level are in conditions before AHF, to use levosimendan may reduces the risk of heart failure and improve the outcome.
To determine if a strategy of early discharge using a novel subcutaneous delivery system for parenteral furosemide can improve clinical outcomes within 30 days of randomization (days alive and outside the hospital) compared to usual care.
This study evaluates whether tailored, peripheral ultrafiltration complementary to low-dose diuretics is associated with a reduction in cardiovascular mortality in 90 days after randomization and heart failure events in 90 days after discharge than usual care including stepped intravenous diuretics in acutely decompensated chronic heart failure with fluid overload (not fully responsive to diuretic therapy).
Burden of HF in India is approximate 2-5 million patients with an estimated prevalence of 2-3/1000 population. HF is responsible for approx1.8 million admissions annually in India. Very few studies are there in India which shows the detailed documentation of HF. Manipal Heart failure Registry (MHFR) is an institutional level Heart Failure disease registry. In MHFR the investigator will document the detailed information about heart failure patients admitted or referred to Department of Cardiology, Kasturba Medical College, a constituent college and teaching hospital of Manipal University. MHFR will include cohorts of patients with acute heart failure (AHF), with the intention of implementing a long-term follow-up, the use of health economic assessment to evaluate the degree of resource utilization; and quantifying the burden on quality of life for patients. Utilization of drug in HF patients will be evaluated as a part of this study to prevent the use of inappropriate drug therapy and to improve overall drug effectiveness and outcomes. Hence the protocol sought to identify the characteristics and long-term outcomes of Indian patients with acute heart failure admitted in an Indian tertiary care center in South India. There are no risks to patients participating in the registry study, as standard of care quality will not be affected. It is unlikely that there will be any direct benefit as a result of participation in the HF-disease registry. However, the information contained within this non-interventional registry study will be used for research studies directed at improving the knowledge and treatment of acute heart failure as well as improving patients treatment in the future. The potential impact of proposed research (Manipal Heart Failure Registry) is envisioned to be four-fold: 1. to enable a broad overview of the routine medical practices for HF treatment; 2. to assess the healthcare resource utilization and drug utilization review for heart failure patients 3. to assess the burden of disease (mortality, re-hospitalization) in the long term; and 4. to provide a novel overview of the impact of HF syndrome on quality of life as well as health economics.
LEDA (Lithuanian Echocardiography study of Dyspnea in Acute settings) is a prospective observational cohort multicenter clinical study. Project is carried out by Vilnius University together with a partner Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, in conjunction with a research protocol of international GREAT consortium (Global Research on Acute Conditions Team). The aim of this project is to find the specific novel biomarkers of acute heart failure (AHF), to evaluate their diagnostic and prognostic role in association with echocardiographic parameters of AHF. Primary endpoint is 1-year all-cause mortality and rehospitalization. Secondary endpoints are 1) in-hospital all-cause mortality 2) post-discharge 1 and 3 month all-cause mortality and rehospitalization 3) post-discharge 1 and 3 month cardiovascular mortality and rehospitalization 4) one-year cardiovascular mortality and rehospitalization. During the project a sizeable national database (2000 Lithuanian patients) will be integrated into database of GREAT network. Novel cardiac biomarkers together with ultrasound parameters of right ventricular (RV) function are in the focus of the study. During the acute phase of heart failure, up to 15 novel cardiac, vascular, renal impairment and inflammation biomarkers in plasma samples will be investigated in Lithuania and France (INSERM laboratory). Plasma samples will be taken during 4 hours after admission and frozen at -80ºC to allow batch analysis. The extensive evaluation of innovative ultrasound parameters of right ventricular structure and function will be performed in the early hospitalization period, along with standard echocardiography examination. The first database of AHF patients in Lithuania will provide demographic data and trends of morbidity and mortality, as well as analysis of diagnostic and prognostic value of novel biomarkers and echocardiography parameters in the Baltic region. Quantitative parameters of RV systolic function and deformation will be measured. It is expected that optimal use of novel biomarkers and reproducible echocardiography parameters in the setting of emergency and critical care would reduce unnecessary hospitalizations, cost and hospital length of stay without decrease in the quality of diagnostics and treatment. An estimation of correlation of echocardiographic parameters and biomarkers could help create an accurate algorithm for risk stratification and diagnosis of AHF in an emergency setting.
The Pilot study is designed to evaluate the overall safety and feasibility of a strategy based on subcutaneous delivery of furosemide. It will be used to inform the subsequent evaluation phase of the study (separate protocol). The primary objective of the study is to determine if a strategy of a novel subcutaneous delivery of furosemide is safe and feasible in patients with acute heart failure.