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The overall goal of this multicenter project is to characterize the expected normal range of Peripheral IntraVenous Volume Analysis (PIVA) values during a euvolemic state, and how those ranges may be altered by comorbidities; the relationship between PIVA and intravenous volume administration during resuscitation of infected patients with presumed hypovolemia; and, the relationship between PIVA and volume decreases during diuresis in acute heart failure patients with hypervolemia.
Introduction: Recent studies have suggested that the use of acetazolamide may assist in the vol- ume management of patients with decompensated heart failure (HF). However, prospective and randomized comparison in patients with HF and optimized diuretic therapy has not been described. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the use of acetazolamide versus placebo in volume control in patients with decompensated HF. Methodology: For this, a unicentric, randomized, double blind and prospective study will be performed in a comparative manner. Hospital data (test results, medical outcomes, drug dose, complications) of patients will be analyzed for safety and effectiveness. Expected results: The use of acetazolamide as an adjuvant treatment is superior to the standard strategy for volume control in patients with decompensated HF.
Heart failure is one of the major causes of hospitalization in Brazil and worldwide. Recent studies attempt to identify readmission and prognostic markers at the time of discharge from these patients. The reassessment and possibility of early therapeutic adjustment may be relevant in this context. Therefore, the prospective and randomized comparative use of early re-evaluation in Hospital-day versus non-intervention group has not yet been described. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact on the re-hospitalization rate in 30 days of the early re-evaluation of the patients in the day-hospital versus the non-intervention group in heart failure. For this, a unicentric, randomized and prospective study will be performed, in which the Hospital-Day strategy is performed versus no intervention in a comparative manner. Hospital data (test results, medical outcomes, complications) of patients will be analyzed for safety and effectiveness. The hypothesis of this study is that the Hospital-Day strategy is superior to the non-intervention strategy and causes fewer rehospitalizations within 30 days.
Objectives: To demonstrate the efficacy of care transition holistic intervention (Multilevel Guided Discharge Planning, MGDP) in reducing 30-day adverse outcomes among frail older patients with acute heart failure (AHF) discharged from Emergency Departments (EDs) and to validate the results of MGDP in real life. Method: Investigators will select frail patients ≥70 years with primary diagnosis of AHF discharged from EDs. The intervention will consist of MGDP implementation: 1) checklist that includes clinical recommendations and resources activations; 2) scheduling of early visit with the specialist; 3) communication with primary care; 4) providing a written instruction sheet to patient or caregiver. Phase 1: matched-pair cluster randomized clinical trial. EDs were randomly allocated to intervention (n = 10) or control (n = 10) group. Investigators will compare the outcomes between intervention and control groups. Phase 2: a quasi-experimental study. The 20 EDs will carry out the intervention. Investigators will compare the outcomes between phase 1 and phase 2 of intervention group and between phase 1 and phase 2 of control group. The main outcome is a 30-day composite endpoint (ED revisit or hospital admission for AHF and cardiovascular death) after being discharged.
This is a prospective multicentre (N=15), stepped-wedge randomized trial that aims to evaluate the benefit of a protocolised comprehensive care bundle for early management of acute heart failure in the ED.
To describe pharmacokinetics of levosimendan in neonates and children supported or not with extracorporeal circulation devices (ECMO, CRRT)
A prospective, multi-national, open-label clinical study which is conducted to asses the safety, feasibility and performance of the TRVD™ System in hospital-admitted patients with Acute Decompensated Heart Failure (ADHF) and evidence of reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. The study will include patients who present with significant venous congestion, as evidenced by clinical, laboratory and imaging signs of fluid retention. Study participation, for each enrolled subject, will last approximately 3 months post index procedure. Patients will be evaluated from enrollment until hospital discharge, then at 30, 60, and 90 days post procedure.
In this study the investigators are aiming to treat patients with acute heart failure with or without diabetes with Empagliflozin or placebo. Given the beneficial effects of Empagliflozin on heart failure hospitalization in the EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial, the investigators do expect a similar beneficial effect to be present in patients with acute heart failure. Acute heart failure is a state of hydropic decompensation resulting in dyspnea and congestions, caused by different etiologies of cardiac disease. Recompensation is reached by application of diuretic drugs and fluid restriction.
This is a dissertation study which is divided into three different studies in order to answer the main research question (Study 3). The primary aim of this research (dissertation) is to investigate all-cause 30-day hospital readmission using functional mobility (5mWT, 30STS, 6MWT, TUG), psychosocial attributes (KCCQ-12, HADS, ESSI), adherence to home exercise program, participation in a supervised exercise program, and number of follow up checkups with physicians or advanced health providers of patients with Acute Decompensated Heart Failure (ADHF) diagnosis who were discharged from a tertiary teaching hospital. Study 1: What is the effect of acute physical therapy on functional ability in individuals admitted with ADHF? Study 2: What is the effect of acute physical therapy on psychosocial attributes in individuals admitted with ADHF? Study 3: Which factors such as functional mobility (5mWT, 30STS, 6MWT, TUG), psychosocial attributes (KCCQ-12, HADS, ESSI), adherence to home exercise program, participation in a supervised exercise program, and number of follow up checkups with physicians or advanced health providers predict all-cause 30-day hospital readmission in patients discharged from a tertiary, teaching hospital with ADHF diagnosis?
Cardiac surgery can be not infrequently complicated by cardiac low-output syndrome due to critical preoperative conditions such as cardiogenic shock, poor left ventricular function and severe myocardial ischemia. Suboptimal myocardial protection, technical errors at graft anastomoses or of prosthesis implantation, and hibernating myocardium may further contribute to cardiac low-output syndrome occurring immediately or shortly after cardiac surgery. In this setting, veno-arterial extracorporeal oxygenation (VA-ECMO) is the only means to provide cardiopulmonary support to recovery or as bridge to transplantation. Data on the real benefit of VA-ECMO after cardiac surgery is limited and often derived from heterogeneous patient populations, which prevent conclusive results on the benefits of VA-ECMO in this setting. This issue will be investigated in the present retrospective European multicenter study. In this setting, veno-arterial extracorporeal oxygenation (VA-ECMO) is the only means to provide cardiopulmonary support to recovery or as bridge to transplantation. Data on the real benefit of VA-ECMO after cardiac surgery is limited and often derived from heterogeneous populations of patients who underwent different cardiac procedures. Patients with cardiac low-output after surgery for aortic dissection or valve surgery are expected to have different baseline characteristics (such as age and comorbidities) and underlying cardiac disease than patients undergoing isolated coronary surgery. Furthermore, available studies included patients operated two decades ago and this does not provide an exact measure of the benefits of this treatment strategy. The possible benefits of using VA-ECMO after adult cardiac surgery will be investigated in this retrospective European multicenter study.