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Clinical Trial Summary

A patient with a tumor lesion of the chest wall undergoes CT scan with a step width of less than 1 mm, then engineers design an individual model to replace the defect. Using a 3D printer, a model is made based on titanium alloy powder. Preoperative preparation takes an average of 14-21 days. The next stage is surgical treatment in the amount of resection of the chest wall with plastic defect with an individual titanium implant. In some cases, the titanium framework is separated from the pleural cavity by a polytetrafluoroethylene plate in order to seal and prevent the development of pulmonary hernias. The advantages of titanium individual prostheses include accurate matching of the implant to the size and characteristics of the defect, individual modeling allows you to repeat the anatomical features of the patient. This method helps to recreate the original shape of the chest, and most importantly, symmetrical, relatively healthy half. With the help of titanium, individualized prostheses are made based on 3D modeling, which will reduce the incidence of complications, accelerate rehabilitation and improve the quality of life of patients with tumor lesions of the chest wall. The postoperative period takes 15-30 days.


Clinical Trial Description

A patient with a tumor lesion of the chest wall undergoes CT scan with a step width of less than 1 mm, then engineers design an individual model to replace the defect. Using a 3D printer, a model is made based on the patient's anthropometric data. Manufacturing takes place by 3D printing on a titanium alloy powder certified for the manufacture of medical implants. The technology used is a type of SLS (Selective Laser Sintering) -technology, layer-by-layer laser melting of metal-powder compositions. The printing process begins with dividing the digital 3D model of the product into layers with a thickness of 20 to 100 microns in order to create a 2D image of each layer of the product (section). The industry standard format is STL (Stereolithography) file. This file enters a special machine software, where the information is analyzed and compared with the technical capabilities of the machine. Based on the data obtained, a production cycle of construction is launched, consisting of many cycles of building individual layers of the product. The cycle for constructing a layer (section) consists of typical operations: - applying a layer of powder of a given thickness to the construction plate; - scanning by a laser beam of the section of the product layer. The laser beam is a source of heat, under the influence of which the particles of the material are sintered along the profile of the section of the model; - lowering the platform into the depth of the construction well by an amount corresponding to the thickness of the construction layer. The process of building products takes place in the SLM (Selective Laser Melting) chamber of the machine, filled with an inert gas argon. After construction, the product is removed from the printer chamber and sent for heat treatment, annealing, to relieve internal stresses and improve mechanical properties. After annealing, the product is separated from the platform and undergoes finishing, which combines various types of machining. The final stages of the technological process are product cleaning and technical quality control. Preoperative preparation takes an average of 14-21 days. The next stage is surgical treatment in the amount of resection of the chest wall with plastic defect with an individual titanium implant. In all cases, the titanium framework is separated from the pleural cavity by a synthetic polyester (Dacron) plate in order to seal and prevent the development of pulmonary hernias. The advantages of titanium individual implants include accurate matching of the implant to the size and characteristics of the defect, individual modeling allows you to repeat the anatomical features of the patient. This method helps to recreate the original shape of the chest, and most importantly, symmetrical, relatively healthy half. With the help of titanium, individualized prostheses are made based on 3D modeling, which will reduce the incidence of complications, accelerate rehabilitation and improve the quality of life of patients with tumor lesions of the chest wall. The postoperative period takes 15-30 days. ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT05057143
Study type Interventional
Source Blokhin's Russian Cancer Research Center
Contact Alexander Salkov
Phone +79629346738
Email [email protected]
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date December 2021
Completion date December 2025

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