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Clinical Trial Summary

Transfusional practices evolved significantly over the last decades, but there are still important controversies regarding triggers that should be adopted in different clinical scenarios. Most international guidelines recommend using a hemoglobin (Hb) level around 7,0-8,0g/dL as the value to prompt a transfusion of red blood cell concentrates (RBC). Critical care patients usually are in a hyperdynamic state, working with an elevated cardiac output and compromised organ function. In these patients, the dependency on the arterial content of oxygen is greater, making lower Hb levels more associated with organ disfunction and compromised homeostasis. In our institution, this scenario involves patients with cancer, in post-operative care, sometimes receiving chemotherapy and presenting myelosuppression. With this study we hope to help clinicians to make decisions regarding transfusion of RBCs in critical surgical patients, establishing a transfusional trigger, without exposing patients to unnecessary additional risks. This is a prospective, randomized, controlled, interventional trial, with the aim of evaluating the impact of restrictive versus liberal transfusional strategy on mortality and severe clinical complications in post-operative oncologic critically ill patients. The primary outcome is mortality in 30 days. The interventions consist in transfusion of RBCs according to the allocation to a liberal or restrictive transfusional strategy. In the restrictive strategy arm patients will receive transfusion of RBCs if the Hb falls to a level equal to or below 7,0g/dL. In the liberal strategy arm patients will receive transfusions if Hb level is below or equal to 9,0g/dL. In both arms patients should receive only one unit of RBC per time, with measurement of Hb level after three hours to evaluate the need for additional units. The strategy should be maintained during intensive care unit (ICU) stay for a maximum of 90 days. In case of a permanence in the ICU for a period longer than 90 days, or if the patient is discharged from the ICU, the transfusional support will be determined by the assisting physicians, independently of the allocated study arm. If the patient returns to the ICU during the 90 days of randomization, then he should go back to receiving transfusions according to the liberal or restrictive strategy in use previously in the ICU.

Clinical Trial Description

Randomization: patients will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to one of the transfusion strategies, stratified according to age ≤65 years or > 65 years. Monitoring and follow-up: Study investigators will collect all of the necessary data with the use of specific forms during patient study follow up. In case of transfusional reactions related to the RBC transfusions the ICU team should contact the study investigators to notify the reaction. In cases where the termination of participation in the study occurs before completion of 90 days since randomization, a study investigator will contact the patient for collection of information of the final follow-up form. An independent data and safety monitoring committee (DMSC) will review study data every 6 months to check for the need for suspending or terminating the study. Blinding: It will not be feasible to mask the assigned transfusion strategy from health care providers. Information regarding frequency of outcome measures will not be available to the study investigators or health care providers, to minimize comparison of outcomes between study groups. Trial statistician will be blinded for the allocation during analysis. The members of the DMSC will remain blinded unless they request otherwise after the interim analysis provides strong indications of one intervention being beneficial or harmful. Interim analysis: an interim analysis will be performed when a total of 420 patients (half of the expected target sample) has completed 90 days of follow-up. The independent DMSC will recommend interruption of the trial if the difference in the primary outcome measure between groups has a P <0.001 (Haybittle-Peto criterion). The trial protocol may be temporarily suspended for an individual patient in case of arterial ischemic events (includes stroke, myocardial infarction, unstable angina, mesenteric ischemia, peripheral ischemia) or life-threatening bleeding, at the discretion of the attending physician. The patient may re-enter the trial protocol after stabilization, at the discretion of the attending doctor. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT04859855
Study type Interventional
Source AC Camargo Cancer Center
Contact Raissa PG de Molla, MD
Phone +5511984359482
Email [email protected]
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date May 2021
Completion date August 2022

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