Clinical Trials Logo

Clinical Trial Summary

Paired associative stimulation (PAS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation protocol, where two stimuli (a peripheral and a cortical one, the latter delivered with transcranial magnetic stimulation - TMS) are repeatedly associated to enhance plasticity in the brain. In the present study, a new cross-modal, visuo-motor PAS protocol - called "mirror-PAS"- will be tested as a possible non-invasive brain stimulation treatment in neurological rehabilitation to promote motor recovery and pain reduction. Participants will perform the standard PAS targeting the motor system and the recently developed mirror-PAS in two separate sessions. The investigators will compare the possible effect of the protocols in terms of neurophysiological and behavioral outcomes to identify the optimal PAS method to enhance plasticity and promote sensory-motor function.

Clinical Trial Description

The motor recovery of the upper limb function, particularly of the hand, is challenging in neurological rehabilitation. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a form of non-invasive brain stimulation that can enhance motor recovery, though promoting brain plasticity of the brain. In this study, researchers will use a TMS protocol called Paired Associative Stimulation (PAS), in which two stimuli (e.g., a cortical stimulus - delivered with TMS - and a peripheral stimulus) are repeatedly associated to promote associative plasticity in the primary motor cortex (M1). The objective is to explore the clinical efficacy of a newly developed cross-modal PAS protocol -the so-called "mirror-PAS"- as a possible motor rehabilitation treatment in patients with upper limb motor disorders, investigating its neurophysiological and behavioural effects. The innovative aspect of mirror-PAS is to act on a more extended visuomotor network, featured by the functional properties of the mirror neuron system (MNS). Indeed, in the mirror-PAS, a visual stimulus depicting a hand movement is repeatedly paired with a TMS pulse over M1. In the healthy, this protocol was found effective in modulating neurophysiological responses of the motor cortex (i..e, MEPs), hence inducing these effects bypassing the afferent somatosensory pathway exploited by the standard PAS protocols. This may represent a clinical advantage allowing the promotion of motor recovery through the induction of a plastic reorganization in the damaged motor system by gaining access through a potentially spared MNS. The project's first phase aims to assess the motor and neurophysiological effects of mirror-PAS in stroke patients with upper-limb hemiparesis, compared to the standard excitatory M1-PAS (whose effects are well known in the literature, even if still debated). In the second phase, we will test the efficacy of the mirror-PAS in a population of amputated patients affected by phantom limb pain (PLP). ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05766059
Study type Interventional
Source Istituto Auxologico Italiano
Contact Nadia Bolognini, PhD
Phone +390261911
Status Recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date February 8, 2023
Completion date September 30, 2026

See also
  Status Clinical Trial Phase
Recruiting NCT04043052 - Mobile Technologies and Post-stroke Depression N/A
Recruiting NCT04101695 - Hemodynamic Response of Anodal Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Over the Cerebellar Hemisphere in Healthy Subjects N/A
Completed NCT04034069 - Effects of Priming Intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation on Upper Limb Motor Recovery After Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Trial N/A
Suspended NCT03869138 - Alternative Therapies for Improving Physical Function in Individuals With Stroke N/A
Terminated NCT03052712 - Validation and Standardization of a Battery Evaluation of the Socio-emotional Functions in Various Neurological Pathologies N/A
Completed NCT00391378 - Cerebral Lesions and Outcome After Cardiac Surgery (CLOCS) N/A
Recruiting NCT04535479 - Dry Needling for Spasticity in Stroke N/A
Recruiting NCT03985761 - Utilizing Gaming Mechanics to Optimize Telerehabilitation Adherence in Persons With Stroke N/A
Recruiting NCT00859885 - International PFO Consortium N/A
Completed NCT03622411 - Tablet-based Aphasia Therapy in the Chronic Phase N/A
Completed NCT01662960 - Visual Feedback Therapy for Treating Individuals With Hemiparesis Following Stroke N/A
Recruiting NCT05520528 - Impact of Group Participation on Adults With Aphasia N/A
Active, not recruiting NCT03366129 - Blood-Brain Barrier Disruption in People With White Matter Hyperintensities Who Have Had a Stroke
Completed NCT03281590 - Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases Registry
Recruiting NCT05503316 - The Roll of Balance Confidence in Gait Rehabilitation in Persons With a Lesion of the Central Nervous System N/A
Completed NCT04399759 - Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Approach in Home Environment for Patients With Stroke N/A
Completed NCT03698357 - Video Balance-based Exercise in Persons With Stroke N/A
Recruiting NCT05436366 - Soleus Loading Response During Walking N/A
Recruiting NCT05518305 - Platelet Expression of FcγRIIa and Arterial Hemodynamics to Predict Recurrent Stroke in Intracranial Atherosclerosis
Recruiting NCT05479006 - Determine the Effect of Targeted High-definition Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) on Reducing Post-stroke Upper Limb Motor Impairments N/A