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Clinical Trial Summary

Patients receiving oxytocin for induction or augmentation of labor will be studied with uterine EMG. The results of the EMG will be converted to an oxytocin-associated uterine stimulation index (uSI), which is intended to guide decisions for changing the dose of oxytocin. An expert panel will review the results of the oxytocin dosing actions, then assigned optimized actions throughout the labor. The uSI will be correlated with the optimal dosing actions.

Clinical Trial Description

Background. Oxytocin stimulates the uterus, increases the strength and frequency of uterine contractions and facilitates delivery. The "dose" of oxytocin is the rate of IV infusion. In a typical labor where oxytocin is used, many dosing adjustments are performed over many hours. Finding the correct dose for a given patient is challenging because some women respond rapidly to low doses of oxytocin, others require high doses. The correct dose is important because the risks of adverse outcomes increase when doses are either too low or excessive. The dosing actions increase, hold, decrease or stop are typically performed every 30 minutes during oxytocin administration.

Dosing actions are performed based on the current level of simulation caused by the current dose. To assess the level of stimulation, current methods rely heavily on the output of the fetal monitor, which produces contraction frequency and fetal heart rate. Additional information for dosing decisions is obtained from subjective assessments such uterine palpation. Subjective measures are used because there is no objective method available to reliably guide a dosing action. Subjectivity is a major contributor to the long duration of labor for inductions and the high rate of excessive uterine stimulation with any oxytocin use.

The uterine stimulation index (uSI) is an objective measure of the current level of stimulation caused by the current dose of oxytocin in individual patients and can be used to guide oxytocin dosing actions. uSI is based on an electromyography (EMG) signal that is proportional to the effects of oxytocin on the uterine muscle. uSI is calculated from multichannel EMG to obtain a representative sampling of the effects of oxytocin on entire uterus. The range of values for uSI is from 0 (no oxytocin effects) to 10 (maximal oxytocin effects). Low values of uSI guide the end-user to increase the current dose of oxytocin. Intermediate values of uSI guide the end-user to hold the current dose. High values of uSI guide the end-user to decrease the current dose.

The purpose of this study is to establish the ranges of uSI values that correspond to the dosing actions increase, hold and decrease. To establish these ranges, 51 subjects will undergo current methods of dosing while having multichannel EMG recorded. uSI values will not be available to end-users, so all subjects will receive dosing actions determined by standard of care using current method. After delivery, a panel of experts will retrospectively assess each dosing action based on the outcome of the dosing action. These "optimized dosing actions" will then be correlated with the uSI value obtained at that time. This process produces paired data of optimized actions and uSI values. From the clustering of the uSI values, the ranges of uSI can be matched to the dosing actions increase, hold and decrease.

As a second goal, human factors will be studied with questionnaires and end-user interviews to improve the methods used for recording multichannel EMG during labor.

Procedure. Patients receiving oxytocin for clinical indications will be approached for participation. After obtaining consent, up to 8 proprietary EMG sensors will be placed over the subject's abdomen, spanning most of the surface of the uterus. Additionally, one ground sensor and one noise rejection sensor will be placed. Multichannel EMG recordings will be obtained throughout the labor, although the results of the EMG will not be available to the obstetrical providers. Subjects will be managed using current methods of monitoring and standard of care for oxytocin dosing decisions.

At the conclusion of the recording, the EMG sensors will be removed from the subject. Data will be analyzed after delivery, producing uSI values as a function of time for the duration of the labor.

An expert panel will be assembled, composed of clinicians trained in the art of obstetrics and managing oxytocin. The progress of labor will be assessed by examining the fetal monitor strip (i.e. uterine contractile activity and the fetal heart rate over time), cervical changes, and the dosing actions performed. No less than 72 hours after delivery the neonate's and subject's medical records will be reviewed to identify complications of the delivery that may have occurred.

The expert panel will assess each dosing action as optimal or not optimal. An example of a not optimal action would be increasing the dose and causing uterine tachysytole. In this example, "hold" will be assigned as the optimized dosing action. Each subject will have a list of optimized dosing actions and the time they were performed. Optimized dosing actions will then be linked with uSI values observed at that time, creating a paired data set of uSI values and optimal dosing actions.

The optimized dosing actions increase, hold and decrease will be correlated with uSI values and the range of uSI values that correspond with each dosing action will be established.

End-users will be interviewed 1 to 72 hours after delivery of the baby. The interview will identify barriers to EMG recording may influence the effectiveness of the information provided by the multichannel EMG recording. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT04548453
Study type Interventional
Source PreTeL, Inc
Contact Roger C Young, MD
Phone 16033598870
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase Early Phase 1
Start date April 2021
Completion date October 2021

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