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Clinical Trial Summary

The purpose of this study is to understand the relationship between problems in sleep, genetic variations in the Aquaporin-4 gene (AQP4), and the development of Parkinson's Disease.

Clinical Trial Description

Parkinson's Disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by the abnormal deposition in the brain of aggregates called Lewy Bodies, packed with a protein called α-synuclein. The mechanisms why this protein accumulates in the brain of patients with PD, as well as its relationship with clinical symptoms, is unknown. Recently, an internal mechanism of drainage of waste proteins called glymphatic system has been identified and characterized. This system is silent during wakefulness and works during sleep. When it is active, a virtual space between the blood capillaries and cells of the brain called astrocytes opens and lets out waste products from the brain. This process is mediated by a protein of the astrocytes called Aquaporin-4 (AQP4). Preclinical studies have shown that the function of this system could be critical for the clearance of β-amyloid, a protein linked with the development of Alzheimer's Disease. Studies in humans have shown that genetic variations some parts of the AQP4 gene, defined as single nucleotide polymorphisms, may increase the likelihood to develop an aggressive form of Alzheimer's Disease. However, no studies in humans have ever been performed in Parkinson's disease and α-synuclein. In this study, the investigators aim to elucidate whether genetic variations in the AQP4 gene contribute to variations in the clinical presentation and progression of sporadic and genetic forms of Parkinson's disease. To do so, the genetic profile of patients will be determined through a small venous blood sample collection. This will be coupled with clinical and sleep assessment. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT04553185
Study type Observational
Source University of Exeter
Contact Edoardo r De Natale, MD MSc PhD
Phone 07503741242
Status Recruiting
Start date November 28, 2018
Completion date September 1, 2024

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