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Clinical Trial Summary

Headaches affect over 50% of patients annually, with close to 4% of ED visits for headache. Most headaches managed in the ED are benign, with 90% of these headaches classified as tension, migraine, or cluster. At present, the satisfaction with ED treatment of headache is low, and despite the multitude of available medications, the evidence- based treatment options are often quite limited. There are over twenty different types of medications available to the ED clinicians for managing headache, many with different routes of administration (parenteral, intranasal, subcutaneous, and oral). Many of these medications are provided in so-called "headache cocktail", which varies based on the physician, institution, and patient preferences.

Clinical Trial Description

STUDY OBJECTIVES: To compare analgesic efficacy and rates of side effects of a proprietary formulation of orally administered aspirin and ketamine (AOK) to a Nurtec ODT (Rimegepant) for pain management in adult ED patients presenting to the ED with acute headache. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesize that the administration of AOK will provide similar analgesia at 60 minutes post-administration in comparison to Nurtec (Rimegepant) in adult patients presenting to the ED with acute headache. The primary outcome of this trial is the difference in participant's pain scores at 60 minutes post-medication administration. STUDY DESIGN: Subjects: Patients 18 years of age and older presenting to the ED with acute headache (defined as HA lasting no more than 1 week) and an initial pain score of 5 or more on a standard 11- point (0 to 10) numeric rating scale and requiring oral analgesia as determined by the treating attending physician. Patients' screening and enrollment will be performed by study investigators and research assistants. All patients will be enrolled at various times of the day when study investigators will be available for patient enrollment and an ED pharmacist will be available for medication preparation. Design: This is a prospective, randomized, open-label, equivalence trial comparing analgesic efficacy and safety of AOK and Nurtec (Rimegepant) in patients presenting to the ED of Maimonides Medical Center with acute headache. Upon meeting the eligibility criteria, patients will be randomized into one of the two study arms: Group I will receive AOK, and Group II will receive Nurtec. Data Collection Procedures: Each patient will be approached by a study investigator for acquisition of written informed consent and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act authorization after being evaluated by the treating emergency physician and determined to meet study eligibility criteria. When English will not be the participant's primary language, a language- appropriate consent form will be used and non-investigator, hospital employed, trained interpreters or licensed telephone interpreters will assist in acquisition of informed consent. Baseline pain score will be determined with an 11-point numeric rating scale (0 to 10), described to the patient as "no pain" being 0 and "the worst pain imaginable" being 10. A study investigator will record the patient's body weight and baseline vital signs. All data will be recorded on data collection sheets, including patients' sex, demographics, medical history, and vital signs, and entered into SPSS (version 24.0; IBM Corp) by the research manager. Confirmation of written consent acquisition for all participants, and statistical analyses will be conducted by the statistician, who will work independently of any data collection. Expected Outcomes: The primary outcome will include a comparative reduction of pain scores on numeric rating pain scale (NRS) at 60 minutes from the baseline. The secondary outcomes will include a need for rescue analgesia, rates of adverse effects and change in pain score up to 120 minutes. With respect to unique adverse effects of ketamine, we will use Side Effect Rating Scale for Dissociative Anesthetics (SERSDA) and Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale (RASS) (ref) SERSDA Scale includes fatigue, dizziness, nausea, headache, feeling of unreality, changes in hearing, mood change, general discomfort, and hallucinations with severity of each graded by patients on a five-point scale, with "0" representing the absence of any adverse effects and "4" representing a severely bothersome side effect. RASS evaluates the severity of agitation and/or sedation in accordance with the nine-point scale with scores ranging from "-4" (deeply sedated) to "0" (alert and calm) to "+4" (combative). ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT04860713
Study type Interventional
Source Maimonides Medical Center
Contact Antonios Likourezos, MA, MPH
Phone 7182836896
Email [email protected]
Status Recruiting
Phase Phase 4
Start date April 22, 2021
Completion date December 31, 2021

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