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Clinical Trial Summary

Childbirth is associated with labour pain and can be regarded as one of the most serious kinds of pain. Labour pain management methods include pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods. There is increasing evidence that virtual reality (VR) is effective in the reduction of labour pain. The aim of this qualitative study is to explore the experience, preference, and satisfaction of the use of two different VR scenario's during labour. The secondary outcome parameter is the effect of VR on pain reduction and anxiety during labour, measured by NRS score.

Clinical Trial Description

Epidural Analgesia (EA) has been regarded as the most effective method of labour analgesia. Pharmacological analgesia methods are known to have adverse side effects, such as nausea, vomiting and drowsiness in parental opioids; pruritus, nausea, desaturation, respiratory depression and apnea in patient-controlled remifentanil analgesia; and maternal fever, maternal hypotension and urinary retention in EA. Furthermore, routine EA is likely resulting in more operative deliveries. Considering these possible adverse effects, it is worth exploring alternative methods for labour pain relief. There is increasing evidence that virtual reality (VR) is effective in the reduction of labour pain. This VIREL study aims to examine the experience, preference, and satisfaction of VR in women during labour. The study is set up as a single centre, qualitative study in a non-university teaching hospital in The Netherlands with 2800 deliveries annually. Participants will experience an immersive guided relaxation VR (VR1) and an interactive game (VR2) during labour. VR1 consists of a video of an exotic location guided by the sound of the waves and a calm English-speaking voice. VR2 requires women to use the controller to throw snowballs in order to catch presents and reach the next level. Patients are allowed to stop using the VR at any moment during the intervention. When the participant is declared to be in labour, defined as having regular painful uterine contractions, cervical effacement and at least 3cm dilatation, VR1 will be offered for ten minutes. Before and immediately after VR1, the patient is asked to fill out a Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) score for pain. During the 30-minute intermission after VR1 the patient fills out the post-intervention questionnaire regarding VR1. Subsequently, VR2 is offered for ten minutes. Before and immediately after VR2 the patient filled in the NRS score for pain, and the patient completed a post-intervention questionnaire regarding VR2. Additional use of VR is allowed by maternal request. Five days post-partum all participants who completed both VR interventions will be contacted by telephone for a semi-structured interview. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT04858984
Study type Interventional
Source Zuyderland Medisch Centrum
Status Completed
Phase N/A
Start date July 1, 2020
Completion date March 1, 2021

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