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Clinical Trial Summary

This is a prospective qualitative study of obstetric clinicians examining factors which influence their approach to postpartum pain management, their perspectives and preferences of interventions aimed at reducing opioid use, and the biases which may contribute disparities in this setting.

Clinical Trial Description

Opioid misuse has been declared a national emergency in the United States. More than half of hospitalized patients receive an opioid during their hospitalization. As birth is the most common reason for hospitalization, reproductive-aged individuals are particularly vulnerable to opioid exposure and are an important population for addressing the opioid epidemic. Indeed, data have demonstrated the high frequency of postpartum inpatient and outpatient opioid use, the wide variation in postpartum pain management, the lack of alignment of opioid prescribing with patient reports of pain, and the contributions of obstetric clinicians to opioid prescribing. The opioid epidemic has a differential impact by race/ethnicity; individuals of minority race/ethnicity are less likely to receive an opioid for pain management than non-Hispanic White individuals. Notably, data show that, despite reporting higher levels of pain postpartum, minority race/ethnicity birthing individuals receive less opioid treatment as inpatients and are less frequently prescribed an opioid upon hospital discharge. A complete understanding and, ultimately improvement, of these experiences and reduction in disparities requires a deeper delve into influences which guide clinicians in their management of postpartum pain. This investigation aims to fill an unmet need for a systematic, in-depth, and unbiased evaluation of obstetric clinicians' experience of postpartum pain management. This is a prospective qualitative study of obstetric clinicians, examining factors which influence their approach to postpartum pain management, biases which may contribute to disparities, and their perspectives and preferences of interventions to reduce opioids and improve pain control. Investigators will conduct in-depth semi-structured interviews with up to 50 obstetric clinicians, including physicians, advanced practitioners, and nurses. Aim 1 will evaluate beliefs and factors which influence clinicians' management of postpartum pain, including potential clinician-level biases which may contribute to disparities. Using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Science, Aim 2 will evaluate clinicians' perspectives and preferences of interventions to reducing postpartum opioid prescribing and improving pain control, in order to optimize the implementation of future interventions. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05202795
Study type Observational
Source Northwestern University
Status Completed
Start date January 1, 2022
Completion date July 1, 2022

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