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Clinical Trial Summary

This study sought to investigate the efficacy and safety of a three-drug combination antiemetic regimen of olanzapine combined with aprepitant and palonosetron for the prevention of chemoradiotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.


Clinical Trial Description

Intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) combined with high-dose cisplatin is the standard treatment for locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Previous clinical studies of concurrent chemoradiotherapy have shown that the incidence of nausea and vomiting after treatment with 5-HT3RA and dexamethasone is about 40%. Nausea and vomiting seriously affect the patient's treatment tolerance and quality of life. In our previous prospective phase 2 study (NCT03572829), the triple antiemetic regimen of NK-1R antagonist (aprepitant), dexamethasone and ondansetron was firstly used in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma who received concurrent chemoradiotherapy. the primary endpoint-complete response rate was 86%, and the incidence of no vomiting was 88.4%, which was better than the data previously reported in the literatures. The incidence of no nausea was only 60.5%, and the hiccup caused by dexamethasone was as high as 16%. And with the confirmation of the efficacy of immunotherapy in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, the use of dexamethasone may reduce immunotherapy. Therefore, it is necessary to further optimize the antiemetic regimen. In recent years, a number of randomized studies have confirmed that the addition of olanzapine can reduce the incidence of nausea and increase the complete response rate of high emetic chemotherapy. Other randomized studies have shown that in patients with malignant tumors (including head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and esophageal cancer) receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy, the NK-1R antagonist was changed to olanzapine on the basis of the original triple regimen, which significantly redeced the incidence of nausea. Therefore, on the basis of previous studies, this study intends to conduct a prospective, single-arm phase II study to explore the efficacy and safety of olanzapine combined with aprepitant and palonosetron in the prevention of nausea and vomiting in patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma receiving IMRT and concurrent chemotherapy.. ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT05202275
Study type Interventional
Source Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences
Contact Zekun Wang, MD
Phone +8618710221130
Email dr_wangzk@163.com
Status Recruiting
Phase Phase 2
Start date December 1, 2020
Completion date September 2023

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