Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Anal Canal Clinical Trial
Tumor Recurrence After Abdominal-perineal Amputation in Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Anus
Squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal is a rare cancer with an increasing incidence. It represents 2.5% of digestive cancers and occurs more frequently in immunocompromised persons, in particular HIV positive. It is a cancer that develops essentially locally, with only 5% of metastases at diagnosis. The reference treatment for forms deemed localized after clinico-bio-radiological pre-therapeutic evaluation is radiochemotherapy allowing a 5-year survival rate of about 80%. However, up to 30% of patients fail radiochemotherapy. Failure is defined as persistent disease (non response or progression in 10 to 15% of patients) or relapse (local or metastatic in 10 to 15% of patients). Salvage surgery by abdominoperineal amputation is indicated in this case after elimination of the metastatic character with an overall survival rate at 5 years varying from 23 to 69%. This complex and cumbersome surgery is burdened with significant postoperative morbidity with alteration of the quality of life. Investigators would like to perform a retrospective and prospective study in the Paris Saint-Joseph hospital group to evaluate the interest of abdominoperineal amputation in case of failure of radiochemotherapy in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal.
|Source||Groupe Hospitalier Paris Saint Joseph|
|Start date||October 15, 2021|
|Completion date||April 26, 2023|
|Active, not recruiting||