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Clinical Trial Summary

Squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal is a rare cancer with an increasing incidence. It represents 2.5% of digestive cancers and occurs more frequently in immunocompromised persons, in particular HIV positive. It is a cancer that develops essentially locally, with only 5% of metastases at diagnosis. The reference treatment for forms deemed localized after clinico-bio-radiological pre-therapeutic evaluation is radiochemotherapy allowing a 5-year survival rate of about 80%. However, up to 30% of patients fail radiochemotherapy. Failure is defined as persistent disease (non response or progression in 10 to 15% of patients) or relapse (local or metastatic in 10 to 15% of patients). Salvage surgery by abdominoperineal amputation is indicated in this case after elimination of the metastatic character with an overall survival rate at 5 years varying from 23 to 69%. This complex and cumbersome surgery is burdened with significant postoperative morbidity with alteration of the quality of life. Investigators would like to perform a retrospective and prospective study in the Paris Saint-Joseph hospital group to evaluate the interest of abdominoperineal amputation in case of failure of radiochemotherapy in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal.

Clinical Trial Description


Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05201105
Study type Observational
Source Groupe Hospitalier Paris Saint Joseph
Status Completed
Start date October 15, 2021
Completion date April 26, 2023

See also
  Status Clinical Trial Phase
Active, not recruiting NCT04472429 - Carboplatin-paclitaxel With Retifanlimab or Placebo in Participants With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Squamous Cell Anal Carcinoma (POD1UM-303/InterAACT 2). Phase 3
Recruiting NCT05661188 - Tiraglolumab Atezolizumab and Chemoradiotherapy in Localized Anal Carcinoma (TIRANUS) Phase 2