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Clinical Trial Summary

Background: In 2019, investigators at the National Institutes of Health defined a new disease syndrome named VEXAS: Vacuoles in bone marrow cells, E1 enzyme mutations, X-linked, Autoinflammatory, Somatic syndrome. This syndrome is characterized by inflammatory and hematologic features and is frequently accompanied by marrow dysplasia, progressive bone marrow failure, and in some cases, the development of overt myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Somatic mutations are present at methionine 41 in UBA1, an X-linked gene encoding the major E1 ubiquitin activating enzyme that initiates the majority of cellular ubiquitylation. The inflammatory features of VEXAS include fever, pulmonary infiltrates, skin lesions, ear and nose chondritis, musculoskeletal involvement, and elevated inflammatory markers. The hematologic features include cytopenia, characteristic vacuoles in myeloid and erythroid precursors cells, and dysplastic bone marrow. Patients included in the initial description of the syndrome fulfill clinical or classification criteria for both inflammatory diseases (relapsing polychondritis, Sweet syndrome, polyarteritis nodosa, giant cell arteritis) and hematologic conditions (MDS or plasma cell dyscrasia). The inflammatory features of VEXAS are refractory to treatment other than high doses of glucocorticoids. Increased mortality and frequent morbidity are common in VEXAS secondary to the disease and treatment-related complications. The clinical manifestations of VEXAS are time-dependent. Systemic inflammation typically precedes progressive bone marrow failure with or without the development of hematologic malignancies leading to death. Escalating doses of glucocorticoids are typically administered to control the refractory, progressive features of systemic inflammation. Worsening cytopenias often require transfusion support. The discovery of hematologic mosaicism as the genetic driver of rheumatologic/hematologic syndromes defines a novel class of diseases, termed hematoinflammatory diseases (HINDS), and it raises the possibility that therapies aimed at eradicating these clones may be efficacious in this patient population. Objectives: Primary Objectives: To determine whether allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) results in sustained donor engraftment at day 100 and one-year post-HSCT. To determine whether allogeneic HSCT results in reversal of the clinical phenotype of VEXAS at one year and two years post-HSCT without requiring interval prednisone at >= 0.5 mg/kg per day for reasons other than graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Eligibility: Recipients ages 18-75 year-old with or without a somatic mutation in UBA1 who have: 1) the clinical phenotype for VEXAS with refractory cutaneous, pulmonary, musculoskeletal, and/or other recurrent acute inflammatory manifestations, and 2) require >= 0.5 mg/kg per day of prednisone for inflammatory manifestations OR have cytopenia (transfusion dependent anemia, transfusion dependent thrombocytopenia/platelets <75,000, neutropenia <1,000/microL) or MDS (by WHO criteria) or being intolerant or refractory to use steroids. Have an 8/8 or 7/8 HLA-matched related or unrelated donor, or a haploidentical related donor. Design: For Recipients with 8/8 HLA Matched Donors: Participants will receive reduced intensity conditioning with the following regimen: fludarabine 40 mg/m^2 IV once daily for four days on days -6, -5, -4, -3 and Busulfan IV for three days on days -6, -5, -and -4 followed by HSCT on day 0. The busulfan dose will be based on pharmacokinetic levels from the test dose and will be targeted to an AUC of 3600-4800 micorMol*min/L (52-65 mg*h/L) (3.2 mg/kg IV per day will be the default dose). For Recipients with 7/8 HLA Matched Donors or Haploidentical Related Donors: Participants will receive reduced intensity conditioning with the following regimen: fludarabine 30 mg/m^2 IV once daily for five days on days -6, -5, -4, -3, and -2, cyclophosphamide 14.5 mg/kg for two days on days -6 and -5, 200 cGy total body irradiation (TBI) on day -1, busulfan IV once daily for two days on days -4 and -3, and HSCT on day 0. The busulfan dose will be based on pharmacokinetic levels from the test dose and will be targeted to an AUC of 3600-4800 (Micro)Mol*min/L (52-65 mg*h/L) (3.2 mg/kg IV per day will be the default dose). For Post-Transplant GVHD Prophylaxis: Post-transplant GVHD prophylaxis in all groups will consist of cyclophosphamide 50 mg/kg IV once daily for 2 days on days +3 and +4, along with mycophenolate mofetil from day +5 to approximately day +35 and sirolimus from day +5 to approximately day +180....


Clinical Trial Description

Background: In 2019, investigators at the National Institutes of Health defined a new disease syndrome named VEXAS: Vacuoles in bone marrow cells, E1 enzyme mutations, X-linked, Autoinflammatory, Somatic syndrome. This syndrome is characterized by inflammatory and hematologic features and is frequently accompanied by marrow dysplasia, progressive bone marrow failure, and in some cases, the development of overt myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Somatic mutations are present at methionine 41 in UBA1, an X-linked gene encoding the major E1 ubiquitin activating enzyme that initiates the majority of cellular ubiquitylation. The inflammatory features of VEXAS include fever, pulmonary infiltrates, skin lesions, ear and nose chondritis, musculoskeletal involvement, and elevated inflammatory markers. The hematologic features include cytopenia, characteristic vacuoles in myeloid and erythroid precursors cells, and dysplastic bone marrow. Patients included in the initial description of the syndrome fulfill clinical or classification criteria for both inflammatory diseases (relapsing polychondritis, Sweet syndrome, polyarteritis nodosa, giant cell arteritis) and hematologic conditions (MDS or plasma cell dyscrasia). The inflammatory features of VEXAS are refractory to treatment other than high doses of glucocorticoids. Increased mortality and frequent morbidity are common in VEXAS secondary to the disease and treatment-related complications. The clinical manifestations of VEXAS are time-dependent. Systemic inflammation typically precedes progressive bone marrow failure with or without the development of hematologic malignancies leading to death. Escalating doses of glucocorticoids are typically administered to control the refractory, progressive features of systemic inflammation. Worsening cytopenias often require transfusion support. The discovery of hematologic mosaicism as the genetic driver of rheumatologic/hematologic syndromes defines a novel class of diseases, termed hematoinflammatory diseases (HINDS), and it raises the possibility that therapies aimed at eradicating these clones may be efficacious in this patient population. Objectives: Primary Objectives: To determine whether allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) results in sustained donor engraftment at day 100 and one-year post-HSCT. To determine whether allogeneic HSCT results in reversal of the clinical phenotype of VEXAS at one year and two years post-HSCT without requiring interval prednisone at >= 0.5 mg/kg per day for reasons other than graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Eligibility: Recipients ages 18-75 year-old with or without a somatic mutation in UBA1 who have: 1) the clinical phenotype for VEXAS with refractory cutaneous, pulmonary, musculoskeletal, and/or other recurrent acute inflammatory manifestations, and 2) require >= 0.5 mg/kg per day of prednisone for inflammatory manifestations OR have cytopenia (transfusion dependent anemia, transfusion dependent thrombocytopenia/platelets <75,000, neutropenia <1,000/microL) or MDS (by WHO criteria) or being intolerant or refractory to use steroids. Have an 8/8 or 7/8 HLA-matched related or unrelated donor, or a haploidentical related donor. Design: For Recipients with 8/8 HLA Matched Donors: Participants will receive reduced intensity conditioning with the following regimen: fludarabine 40 mg/m^2 IV once daily for four days on days -6, -5, -4, -3 and Busulfan IV for three days on days -6, -5, -and -4 followed by HSCT on day 0. The busulfan dose will be based on pharmacokinetic levels from the test dose and will be targeted to an AUC of 3600-4800 micorMol*min/L (52-65 mg*h/L) (3.2 mg/kg IV per day will be the default dose). For Recipients with 7/8 HLA Matched Donors or Haploidentical Related Donors: Participants will receive reduced intensity conditioning with the following regimen: fludarabine 30 mg/m^2 IV once daily for five days on days -6, -5, -4, -3, and -2, cyclophosphamide 14.5 mg/kg for two days on days -6 and -5, 200 cGy total body irradiation (TBI) on day -1, busulfan IV once daily for two days on days -4 and -3, and HSCT on day 0. The busulfan dose will be based on pharmacokinetic levels from the test dose and will be targeted to an AUC of 3600-4800 (Micro)Mol*min/L (52-65 mg*h/L) (3.2 mg/kg IV per day will be the default dose). For Post-Transplant GVHD Prophylaxis: Post-transplant GVHD prophylaxis in all groups will consist of cyclophosphamide 50 mg/kg IV once daily for 2 days on days +3 and +4, along with mycophenolate mofetil from day +5 to approximately day +35 and sirolimus from day +5 to approximately day +180. ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT05027945
Study type Interventional
Source National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Contact Dennis D Hickstein, M.D.
Phone (240) 760-6169
Email [email protected]
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase Phase 2
Start date September 22, 2021
Completion date July 1, 2025

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