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Clinical Trial Summary

The purpose of this study is to examine how the timing of eating changes how the body makes and uses energy (metabolism). This study will also examine how fat cells respond to insulin (a hormone that controls blood sugar levels).

Clinical Trial Description

The timing of food intake and caloric distribution across the 24hr day are emerging as contributing factors to weight gain. The idea that not only what you eat, but when you eat can contribute to weight gain has garnered interest from both the scientific community and the public. In fact, the distribution of caloric intake over the 24hr day has been recently recognized as a potential source of "circadian misalignment" which can result in adverse health outcomes, including overeating, impaired glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity. Moreover, reward driven eating (eating for the pleasurable aspect instead of energy need) generally results in caloric intake well in excess of energy requirements and is recognized as a major culprit in the epidemic of obesity. The endocannabinoid (eCB) system is involved in both homeostatic processes (energy need only) that govern food intake, and has been shown to play a key role in reward eating. Thus, the role of circadian organization of the eCB system and how misalignment may contribute to overeating, overweight, obesity, and diabetes is the main focus of this study. The overall goal is to determine whether the timing of food intake is a major determinant of the 24 hour variation in eCB activity that in turn affects hunger and appetite, glucose metabolism, and insulin sensitivity. This study will focus on overweight individuals who are at high risk of obesity but are still on a trajectory that can potentially be reversed by lifestyle changes. Following a careful assessment of the subject's habitual sleep and meal timing and caloric distribution under real life conditions, a short laboratory study will determine whether participants who consume more of their daily calories later in the day (later dietary chronotype) display delays in the eCB rhythm and lower insulin sensitivity. During a 6-day in patient intervention, combining laboratory and ambulatory procedures, study procedures will assess the effect of experimentally changing caloric distribution across the day, advancing versus delaying the dietary chronotype. The outcome measures will be the timing of the daily peak of the eCB rhythm and insulin sensitivity. This study will also measure the potential durability of the intervention on subsequent habitual behavior under real life conditions, in that how long does one maintain the feeding in lab imposed feeding schedule and does that schedule effect subsequent behavior and/or weight. Identification of circadian misalignment of the eCB system as a mediator of increased food intake and reduced insulin sensitivity may help develop novel preventive strategies. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT03000803
Study type Interventional
Source University of Chicago
Contact Erin Hanlon, PhD
Phone 773 834 5849
Email [email protected]
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date January 2021
Completion date January 2025

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