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Clinical Trial Summary

Multiple sclerosis (MS) preferentially affects young adults with a female predominance. MS is not associated with an increased risk of complications or abnormal pregnancy outcomes. Nevertheless, disease-modifying therapies can have a teratogenic effect. Discussions about discontinuation should be made with a view to or upon discovery of pregnancy, taking into account the risk of untreated relapses and the risk of toxicity to the fetus. Natalizumab (NTZ) is a humanized anti-alpha4-integrin monoclonal antibody used as a treatment for highly active relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS). When it is stopped, there is frequent reactivation of the disease with possible relapses and a rebound effect could occur. At present, depending on the center, attitudes of neurologist may vary and 3 main scenarios can be observed: Pregnancy and postpartum under NTZ (group1), Pregnancy partially under NTZ (with or without immunomodulator (IM) supplementation, group 2), or NTZ stopped before pregnancy (with or without IM supplementation, group3). The first part of the BABYZUMAB study, a retrospective study of Natalizumab exposure during pregnancy, analysed the comparison the clinical activity of the disease (annualized relapse rate) according to these 3 scenarios of NTZ treatment The investigators analyzed the annual relapse rate (ARR) during a two-year period (9 months before and 15 months after the beginning of the pregnancy) in 117 patients identified in the OFSEP database. The investigators showed that the risk of relapses was four times higher in Group 2 versus Group 1 (p=0,014) and six times higher in Group 3 versus Group 1 (p=0,001). In the literature, there are few studies of newborns from NTZ-exposed pregnancies. No specific pattern of birth defects has been found, but mild to moderate transient thrombocytopenia and anemia have been reported in infants born to NTZ-exposed mothers in the third trimester of pregnancy.

Clinical Trial Description


Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05209815
Study type Observational
Source University Hospital, Bordeaux
Status Completed
Start date June 20, 2022
Completion date December 22, 2023

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