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Background: For patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) at the intensive care unit (ICU), oxygen therapy plays an important role in post resuscitation care. During hospitalisation, a lot of these patients occur with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Currently a wide oxygen target is recommended but no evidence regarding optimal treatment targets to minimise the prevalence of PAH exists. Methods: The RELIEPH trial is a substudy within the BOX (Blood pressure and OXygenation targets in post resuscitation care) trial. It is a single-center, parallel-group randomised controlled clinical trial. 300 patients with OHCA hospitalised at the ICU are allocated to one of the two oxygenation interventions, either a restrictive- (9-10 kPa) or liberal (13-14 kPa) oxygen target both within the recommended range. The primary outcome is the fraction of time with pulmonary hypertension (mPAP >25 mmHg) out of total time with mechanical ventilation. Secondary outcomes are: length of ICU stay among survivors, lactate clearance, right ventricular failure, 30 days mortality and plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) level 48 hours from randomisation. Discussion: This study hypothesises that a liberal target of oxygen reduces the time with PAH during mechanical ventilation compared to a restrictive oxygen target in patients with OHCA at the ICU. When completed, this study hopes to provide new knowledge regarding which oxygen target is beneficial for this group of patients.


Clinical Trial Description

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Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT05029167
Study type Interventional
Source University of Southern Denmark
Contact Mie Mørkøre, MS
Phone +45 28555083
Email [email protected]
Status Recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date September 11, 2017
Completion date December 2021

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