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Clinical Trial Summary

This study evaluates the addition of clomiphene citrate (CC) to letrozole for the treatment of infertility in women with polycystic ovary syndrome across a course of two treatment cycles with stair step dosing of letrozole similar to standard of care. Half of the participants will receive letrozole and CC in combination, while the other half will receive letrozole alone.

Clinical Trial Description

Letrozole and Clomid are both used for ovulation induction, but they have different mechanisms of action. In a pilot study we found that the combination of letrozole 2.5 mg and CC 50 mg nearly doubled the ovulation rate as compared to use of letrozole monotherapy (77% vs. 43%, P=0.007; rate ratio for ovulation (95% CI) 1.80 (1.18 to 2.75), with similar endometrial thickness and number of follicles across treatment arms among those who ovulated. Additional data is needed to evaluate escalating dosages, multiple cycles, live birth and multiple gestation with this novel treatment combination. This is a randomized controlled trial of letrozole versus letrozole and clomiphene citrate (CC) for up to three menstrual cycles. Women will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive letrozole 2.5 mg or combination of letrozole 2.5 mg and clomiphene 50 mg for 5 days on days 3-7 of menstrual cycle. The women and their partners will be instructed to have regular intercourse with the intent to conceive during the cycle. Patients will have an transvaginal ultrasound in the mid-luteal phase of cycle to assess corpora lutea number and endometrial thickness. Patients will have mid- luteal phase progesterone level drawn to evaluate ovulation. Patients in both study arms who do not ovulate will have their Letrozole dose increased by 2.5 mg in the next study cycle to a max of 7.5 mg. Patients in the combination arm who do not ovulate will only have their Letrozole dose increased and will continue to receive the same dose of clomiphene across the three study treatment cycles. Side effect profile will also be monitored. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05206448
Study type Interventional
Source University of Iowa
Status Active, not recruiting
Phase Phase 4
Start date October 26, 2020
Completion date December 2024

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