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Clinical Trial Summary

HIV-infected pregnant women who begin taking antiretroviral (ARV) medications in the late stages of pregnancy need an effective medication regimen to reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to their children. This study examined the virologic response, safety, and tolerability of two different ARV medication regimens in HIV-infected pregnant women who were between 20 and 36 weeks pregnant when they entered the study.

Clinical Trial Description

When initiating this study there were many ARV medications and combination regimens available to treat HIV-infected people. However, the number of ARV medications that had been studied in HIV-infected pregnant women for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission was limited. Although HIV-infected pregnant women who began taking ARV medications late in their pregnancies required effective therapy to reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to their children, there were no published data available that compared the effects of non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI) and integrase inhibitors (which are two classes of ARV medications) in pregnant women. The purpose of this study was to compare the safety, tolerability, and virologic responses to two different medication regimens, each of which included an NNRTI or integrase inhibitor, in pregnant HIV-infected women who began ARV therapy late in their pregnancies (i.e., had gestational age between 20 and 36 weeks).

This study was originally opened under IMPAACT P1081, protocol version 2.0 (version 1.0 never opened to accrual) as a three arm study. However, IMPAACT P1081 was closed due to slow accrual, at which point NICHD took over the study, streamlined it to two arms, and reopened it as NICHD P1081 under protocol Version 3.0. Women who enrolled under IMPAACT P1081 (N=20) and were randomized to one of the two continuing arms (efavirenz- or raltegravir-based ART; N=14) were included in NICHD P1081, while IMPAACT P1081 women randomized to the dropped arm (lopinavir/ritonavir-based ART; N=6) were not eligible for inclusion in NICHD P1081.

In this study HIV-infected pregnant women were randomly assigned to one of two arms. Women in Arm A received lamivudine 150 mg/zidovudine 300 mg twice a day and efavirenz 600 mg each night. Women in Arm B received lamivudine 150 mg/zidovudine 300 mg twice a day and raltegravir 400 mg twice a day. All women were scheduled to receive their assigned medications from study entry through delivery. Antepartum study visits were scheduled at entry and Weeks 1, 2, and 4; and thereafter, every two weeks until labor and delivery. Study visits included a medical history review, physical examination, questionnaires, blood collection, and a vaginal swab procedure.

While women were in labor, they were scheduled to continue to receive their study medications. Some women may have received additional or alternate medications according to local standard of care/guidelines. Women had a physical examination and blood collection at the delivery visit. After delivery, some women continued to receive ARV medications according to the local guidelines, and could have received study ARV for up to eight weeks postpartum while they transitioned to the ARV regimen indicated per their local standard of care. Women were scheduled to attend study visits following delivery at Weeks 2, 6, 16, and 24, which included a medical history review, physical examination, and blood collection. Select visits were scheduled to include a vaginal swab procedure. Some women had vaginal specimens stored for future research.

Infants delivered on study were scheduled to receive ARV medications as prescribed by the babies' doctors per local standard of care/guidelines. Study visits for infants were scheduled at birth, and at Weeks 2, 6, 16, and 24. Each study visit included a medical history review, physical examination, and blood collection. Select visits included oral and nasopharyngeal swab collection.Some infants had oral and/or nasopharyngeal specimens stored for future research. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT01618305
Study type Interventional
Source Westat
Status Completed
Phase Phase 4
Start date September 5, 2013
Completion date December 11, 2018

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