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ACLF and cirrhotic patient have deranged coagulation parameters and this coagulation parameters altered when this group of patients undergoing dialysis because of renal failure. this group of patients is also high risk of sepsis. Most common organ involved during sepsis leading to organ failure is renal. So, all this cascade increases the risk of bleeding as well as coagulation failure. Currently there are no studies evaluation the coagulation status in patients with cirrhosis undergoing dialysis. Further there are no studies evaluating the utility of these global tests of coagulation as a guide to judicious blood transfusion in these patients to prevent bleeding. Further there are no studies comparing the two different modalities of assessment.
To evaluate change in coagulation tests during a 48-h period after initiation VV-ECMO and VA-ECMO. (ECMO= Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenator) Assessment of bleeding during Veno-Venous Extracoporeal Membrane Oxygenator (VV-ECMO) and Veno-Arterial Extracoporeal Membrane Oxygenator (VA-ECMO).
Descriptive study, in which the haemostatic profile of ambulatory patients with IBD will be analyzed by means of ROTEM and other techniques, such as the thrombin generation test and the study of platelet function by flow cytometry.
Venous thromboembolism (VTE - blood clots that form in deep veins or in the lungs) has been identified as a leading cause of death in economically developed countries for pregnant and recently-pregnant women. There is evidence that clotting parameters can take up to 6 weeks to return to normal for women who have had term deliveries, however there is an absence of information on time taken for clotting parameters to normalise following abortion. As such, existing guidelines are based solely on expert opinion and recommend durations of VTE prevention from as short as 7 days, up to 6 weeks following abortion. All women are assessed for risk of VTE, but data are needed to inform an evidence-based approach to prevention of VTE in these women. The findings from this pilot study have the potential to inform clinical guidance and possibly a larger study subsequently.
The purpose of this study to evaluate the translational application of the safe and effective treatment of Narrow-Band Ultraviolet light B-band (NB-UVB) to high-risk COVID-19 patients in an effort to improve their immune and hemostatic imbalance to increase survival and improve outcomes.
Study of blood loss in preeclamptic patients using mathematical formulae
Coagulopathy, bleeding, and transfusion are common in cardiac surgical patients. Our collaborator has developed a novel point of care device that can be used to assess thrombin generation in real-time in cardiac surgical patients. The investigators will measure thrombin generation using our novel device and compare it to standard methods, while examining the association of thrombin parameters with bleeding and other clinical outcomes.
This is a prospective observational study of 100 patients undergoing liver transplantation at a single centre. Thrombin generation and kinetics will be assessed using a novel point-of-care device, and compared to conventional measures of hemostasis as well as viscoelastic tests to pinpoint specific coagulation deficits and identify potential therapeutic targets. The clinical course of patients will be followed for major bleeding and transfusion outcomes.
Psychological stress (PSS) is one of the most common problems among healthcare providers during COVID-19 pandemic. PSS influences the homeostatic equilibrium of the body, involving activation of the sympathetic nervous system and hypothalamus pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis. Copeptin; C-terminal portion of Vasopressin (AVP) precursor is stable. Nevertheless, Evidence about influence of PSS on copeptin levels is lacking. The reason we are doing this research is to determine the level of psychological stress among healthcare providers exposed to at the time of work in intensive care unit (ICU) during COVID-19 pandemic; They will be appraised every assembly for psychological stress level; before start of duty shifts (first time), one week after start (second time) and two weeks after departure from shift duties in ICU (third time) for assessment of psychological stress level and stress hormones.
The Pure-Vu® System can be effectively used as a cleansing device in patients admitted with acute LGIB to the intensive care unit and the regular nurse floor (RNF) bypassing the need to administer an oral bowel preparation for adequate visualization and hence decreasing time to colonoscopy and improving diagnostic and therapeutic yield.