View clinical trials related to Hemolytic-uremic Syndrome.Filter by:
The purpose of this Phase 3 study is to determine whether iptacopan (LNP023) is efficacious and safe for the treatment of aHUS in adult patients who are treatment naive to complement inhibitor therapy.
This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of crovalimab in adult and adolescent participants with aHUS.
Eculizumab is an anti-C5 monoclonal antibody approved for rare diseases including atypical haemolytic-uraemic syndrome. The maintenance phase dosing regimen is identical for all adult patients but several studies have shown a high interindividual kinetics variability. A tailored administration of eculizumab based on therapeutic drug monitoring will be compared with real-life administration in adults suffering from an atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome. The objective is to improve efficiency of eculizumab administration.
It is a multicenter observational non-comparative study of the efficacy and safety of long-term pathogenetic Elizaria® therapy in patients with atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is a severe and life-threatening condition, often affecting the kidneys and brain. It can occur on the background of various clinical conditions. Dysregulation of the alternative pathway of complement may be the etiological factor and this type of TMA is classified, according to the current nomenclature, as primary atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). Half the patients with primary atypical HUS present with rare variants in complement genes, although coexisting conditions are often needed for the TMA to become manifest. In patients with secondary atypical HUS, certain coexisting conditions appear to drive the disease and treatment should target the underlying condition to remit the TMA. Recently, the investigators demonstrated, by using a novel in-house developed functional endothelial cell-based test, that complement dysregulation and overactivation is the dominant cause of disease and its sequelae in a subset of patients with secondary atypical HUS, having impact on treatment and prognosis. The investigators did first prove this concept in patients presenting with TMA and hypertensive emergency. A prospective study is needed to further corroborate these findings along the spectrum of TMA. The investigators hypothesize that their functional endothelial cell-based test, the so-called "HMEC" test, can better categorizes the TMA into different groups with potential therapeutic and prognostic implications. Thus, paving the road to the ultimate goal of precision medicine.
The investigational medicinal product (IMP), INM004, proposes to neutralize the toxin in the bloodstream to prevent the interaction of the Stx with the specific receptor, by means of a polyclonal antibody to be administered upon the appearance of symptoms (bloody diarrhea) and diagnosis of infection by STEC, thereby preventing the action of the toxin in the body. Thus, the initial hypothesis for examination is for the prevention of the full expression of HUS, based upon presumptive clinical, biochemical, and other biological evidence suggesting a risk of HUS at the time of treatment application. The polyclonal antibody (F(ab')2 fragment) is obtained by processing the serum of equine animals previously immunized against engineered Stx1B and Stx2B immunogens. INM004 could be administered at the earlier stages of STEC disease since subjects with STEC diarrhea are more likely to benefit from Stx neutralizing antibodies before the development of extra-intestinal manifestations and HUS. Neutralizing equine anti-Stx F(ab')2 antibodies (INM004) have the objective of preventing the development of HUS by blocking the circulating toxins in patients infected with STEC. Therefore, INM004 may be used in patients with a clinical manifestation of bloody diarrhea and a positive Stx result in feces. Early interruption of the Stx mediated cascade is expected to prevent the development of HUS, alleviate the severity of the illness, the rate of complications and the incidence/duration of hospitalizations. Therefore, patients in the early phases of the disease will be targeted in this study, ie, children who seek medical care due to diarrhea associated with STEC infection before HUS development.
Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (aHUS) is a rare, lifethreatening, chronic disease of complement-mediated thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) characterized by acute onset of renal impairment, thrombocytopenia, and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia. The estimated incidence of aHUS is approximately 0.5 per million per year. aHUS affects both adults and children, but is observed primarily in children and young adults. Atypical HUS commonly develops due to dysregulation of the alternative complement pathway and can be sporadic (80%) or familial(20%). The clinical course of aHUS is often unpredictable and can be dependent upon the specific genetic abnormality present within the complement system, if any, and/or triggering events associated with complement activation or inflammation, including autoimmune disease, transplant, pregnancy, infection, metabolic conditions, and drug use. In patients with dysregulated complement activity, such as those with complement mutations commonly observed in aHUS, the kidney vasculature is often the site of thrombosis stemming from endothelial injury. Cemdisiran has been designed to reduce the level of C5 mRNA in the liver, thereby reducing levels of circulating C5 protein, inhibiting terminal complement pathway activity, and preventing formation and deposition of the MAC (C5-b9) on endothelial cells in the kidney. As a result, complement-mediated endothelial cell damage in patients with aHUS and subsequent progression to End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) may be reduced.
Patients with diseases requiring complement inhibition who have previously taken part in Akari clinical trials and who wish to continue to receive rVA576 (Coversin) after their active participation in the previous trial has completed and patients treated under compassionate use or named patient arrangements who wish to continue on rVA576 (Coversin) therapy.
This study will evaluate the impact of early administration of erythropoietin in the number of red blood cell transfusions in children with Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli hemolytic uremic syndrome (STEC-HUS).
Diarrhea-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (D+HUS) is defined as a prodrome of enteritis followed by thrombocytopenia (< 150,000/mm3), microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, and signs of variable degrees of renal damage (increase in serum Cr, proteinuria, and/or hematuria) . Our aim is to detect the most reliable early predictors of poor prognosis to identify children at major risk of bad outcome who could eventually benefit from early specific treatments.