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This is a multicenter, randomized, placebo- and active-controlled, parallel-group, 24-week trial to investigate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of XXB750 in participants with HFrEF/HFmrEF.
Heart failure is a common disease, affecting 2-3% of the population in the western world. About 30% of patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction display signs of electrical dyssynchrony on ECG, usually left bundle branch block (LBBB), which is associated with a worse prognosis. Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) reduce mortality for patients with dyssynchronic heart failure, defined as ejection fraction (EF) = or < 35% and LBBB. About 1/3 of the patients that fit CRT criteria will not respond to CRT. Which patients that will turn out to be non-responders cannot be anticipated beforehand. We have started a clinical study to collect blood samples, heart tissue and clinical data from heart failure patients eligible for CRT and a control group of heart failure patients on medical therapy. Patients will be assessed before CRT implantation or early after initiation of medical treatment, at 3 months, 6 months and 12 months. Blood samples and tissue will be analysed in the search for (i) biomarkers to separate CRT responders from non-responders and (ii) mechanisms behind the remodelling observed in CRT and with medical therapy.
This is a 26-week, open label, single-arm prospective evaluation of the effects of sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibition on cardiac biomarkers, myocardial remodeling and patient reported outcomes in heart failure with both impaired and preserved left ventricular fraction.
Heart failure (HF) is a systemic clinical syndrome defined as cardiac dysfunction, which causes inadequate blood supply to meet metabolic needs. One of the most expressive markers of HF is neurologic exacerbation, with expected sympathetic hyperactivation, increased activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and elevation of vasopressin levels. These changes compensate the low cardiac output in the onset of ventricular dysfunction ensure a long term high blood perfusion pressure,though aggravate this dysfunction and contributes to the HF progression. There are evidences ofthe therapeutic effects of respiratory exercise techniques for HF patients. However, it demands new data for larger prescription and employment of these kind of exercises. Advanced technologies allowed the elaboration of the application for slow breathing CardioBreath. So far, it requires the possibility of comparison of their effects versus widely validated Inspiratory Muscle Trainig (IMT) on respiratory and cardiovascular outcomes in order to elucidate their specific benefits. In this way compare CardioBreath ® App versus IMT through a crossover randomized clinical trial design may elucidate the response effects of these interventions in these patients.
The goal of this registry-based observational study is to establish a comprehensive management plan, which focus on medical therapy, cardiac rehabilitation and active post-market surveillance of medical devices, in patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Patients with CVD mainly refers to four groups of patients：1) post-percutaneous coronary intervention (post-PCI) patients; 2) patients with heart failure (HF); 3) patients with cardiometabolic diseases (CMD); 4) patients with structural heart disease (SHD), and the detailed definition of each group can be found in "Eligibility" section. The main questions this study aims to answer are: - the effectiveness of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation in improving cardiac function, reducing CVD recurrence and mortality, and promoting quality of life for patients with CVD; - the feasibility of registry-based active post-market surveillance of high-risk medical devices used in cardiovascular surgeries, such as PCI, heart valve replacement, and cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT); - the utilization of multiomics datasets to identify and dissect cardiovascular heterogeneity in both healthy and diseased populations and to guide precision medicine in patients with CVD; - the analysis and evaluation of the prescription patterns and drug response in patients with CVD.
To evaluate the efficacy of SGLT2 inhibitors on left ventricular global longitudinal strain and diastology parameters among diabetic and non-diabetic patients with chronic heart failure
Rationale: Obesity prevalence in Dutch adults increased to 14.2% in 2020. Obesity is strongly associated with cardiovascular disease, especially heart failure (HF). HF is a serious condition with significant morbidity and mortality. HF in people with obesity often remains undetected for a relatively long time, because symptoms are attributed to the obesity and not to possible HF. As a result, individuals seek help late for already advanced HF. Screening may reveal HF risk factors or a HF diagnosis. Early treatment initiation will improve prognosis, both in terms of quality of life and morbidity and mortality. Objective: To investigate whether active screening for early signs of HF and its risk factors in adults with obesity without known heart disease improves clinical outcome. Study design: Investigator driven, not blinded, randomized controlled superiority trial. Study population: Consecutive individuals with obesity (body mass index ≥30 kg/m2) ≥ 45 years, without known cardiac disease, who sign up to participate in a Combined Lifestyle Intervention program, will be recruited. Intervention: Participant randomized to the intervention will undergo an active screening on HF and its risk factors, using anamnesis, physical examination, an electrocardiogram, blood tests and an echocardiogram. Main study parameters/endpoints: The main study endpoint is a combined endpoint of left ventricular dysfunction and/or HF.
More than 30% of people hospitalized with decompensated heart failure return to the hospital within 90 days. Emerging evidence suggests that hemodynamic monitoring with guided management may enhance prognosis and management. Hemodynamic monitoring with echocardiography using diastology and an evidence-informed therapeutic protocol have the potential to achieve this aim in a minimally invasive manner.
This study intends to investigate the current status of disease management and quality of life of patients with chronic heart failure and their family caregivers, explore the relationship between the two sides of disease management and quality of life, help nurses identify the influencing factors of quality of life of patients with chronic heart failure and their family caregivers, and carry out family-centered care in the future. This study intends to investigate the current status of disease management and quality of life of patients with chronic heart failure and their family caregivers, explore the relationship between disease management and quality of life of both sides, and help nurses identify the influencing factors affecting the quality of life of patients with chronic heart failure and their family caregivers, so as to carry out family-centered care in the future. To provide theoretical basis for improving the quality of life of both parties.
The purpose of this research study is to determine the effectiveness of low dose colchicine (LoDoCo) on measures of exercise capacity, physical function, frailty, and quality of life, among patients with heart failure with chronic stable preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and systemic inflammation. The use of LoDoCo in this study is considered investigational as it has not been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of exercise capacity in patients with HFpEF. Participants will undergo a 1-day screening that includes a blood draw and physical examination. If deemed eligible for the study, participants will undergo a baseline visit within 2 weeks of screening visit that includes physical examination, exercise testing, echocardiography and completion of quality-of-life surveys. Participants will also be randomized at this visit (randomly assigned to a group) to receive either LoDoCo or placebo (inactive substance) for 3 months. Participants will be called back at 3 months for repeat physical examination, blood draws, echocardiography, exercise testing and completion of quality-of-life surveys. Each visit will take about 3 hours. Total study duration is about 3 months.