There are about 141645 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in United States. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
The primary purpose of this study is to establish if an individualized, impairment-based orthopedic intervention (IOI) can improve pelvic floor function and pain in women with Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP). Dry needling will be used as a part of the IOI to intervene upon peripheral muscles stiffness previously found to be more stiff in this population compared to healthy controls. This study is intended to initiate a line of research aimed at assessing widely used orthopedic physical therapy practices to address orthopedic impairments and muscle stiffness differences in women with CPP potentially decreasing time to care for a widely experienced condition. This study will guide potential future studies aimed at intervening upon a larger population and establishing the characteristics of participants who respond favorable to orthopedic care alone. First, this study will establish if this type of intervention has an effect on pelvic floor function and symptoms, pain, and muscle stiffness, all of which are often priorities of treatment for PHPTs treating CPP. A single-subject design is well suited in studying an intervention on such a heterogeneous patient population that does not currently have physical therapy treatment subclassifications. Future studies could help to establish possible subclassifications of CPP to include an orthopedic or peripheral muscle stiffness classification and empower therapists with associations between peripheral orthopedic and myofascial dysfunction and pelvic floor function and pain. This line of research could help prioritize which patients require specialty care, who could initiate care with an orthopedic PT, and who may resolve dysfunction and pain with orthopedic PT alone.
The goal of this study will be to design, implement and test the impact of a quality improvement (QI) intervention that uses an EHR CDS tool among physicians newly ordering an antipsychotic medication for older adults with ADRD. The study team hypothesizes that the intervention will reduce each participating clinician's pill days per patient prescribed.
The Investigators propose a two-year, longitudinal pilot study of TS adults (>18) to determine impact of lifetime environmental stress exposure on tic severity, psychiatric comorbidity severity, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL).
This study is looking at the safety of applying dilute bleach compresses to patients receiving radiation therapy and the impact of these dilute bleach compresses on the frequency and severity of skin changes that occur during radiation therapy. The names of the study interventions involved in this study are: - Di-Dak-Sol: dilute bleach compresses - White petrolatum ointment
Family caregivers often take on the demands of long-term caregiving after ABI. Early efforts to prepare family caregivers for the caregiving role after discharge from acute ABI inpatient rehabilitation may be beneficial in many ways. This study will look at the impact of participation in a one-to-one peer mentor program on the use of family support services and caregivers' emotional health and well-being (depression symptoms, stress). Participants in this study will include caregivers of patient admitted to the Shepherd Center ABI inpatient rehabilitation unit. Caregivers will be randomly selected to participate in the one-to-one mentor program. The program will include visits with a peer mentor who is the caregiver of an individual with an acquired brain injury. Participants will be able to choose a peer mentor that matches their personal situation and preferences. They will meet with the peer mentor about once a week during the patient's stay at Shepherd Center and may continue with phone calls up to 30 days post-discharge. Participants will be asked to complete a brief evaluation after each peer mentor interaction to determine the value of the interactions and their interest in continuing visits. Participants will be asked to take part in three interviews that will last 10-15 minutes. The first will be within the first two weeks at Shepherd Center and the second will be a few days after discharge. A third interview will be conducted by phone about 30 days post discharge.
This study is a randomized, cross-over, dietary intervention research design comprising a 5-day run-in period, two 3-day dietary interventions, and a 7-day washout period. Participants (mother-offspring dyads) will be randomly assigned to order of interventions. Participants will be recruited as a convenience sample from mother-offspring dyads in the greater Moscow, Idaho and Boise, Idaho areas. The purpose of this study is to to learn more about the use of an allergen test strip to detect cow's milk and soy food allergen proteins in human milk, to explore the impact of maternal bovine milk and soy milk consumption on human milk and maternal/infant gastrointestinal microbiomes and to examine maternal stress during periods of dietary elimination and re-introductions periods.
The purpose of this study is to test whether or not the use of a low volume ventilator in an anesthesia machine reduces anesthetic costs significantly as compared to other high volume machines. The study will compare the a low-flow anesthesia machine to a traditional anesthesia machine during routine elective general surgery in patients with ASA ratings of 1-2 under general anesthesia receiving standard care.
The majority of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) occur in men and women ≥60 years of age. Vascular dysfunction, including endothelial dysfunction, as assessed by reduced endothelium-dependent dilation (EDD), and stiffening of the large elastic arteries (i.e., aortic and carotid artery stiffening), is a major mechanism of increased risk of CVD in older adults. Excess production of ROS (reactive oxygen species) by mitochondria (mtROS) has emerged as a central feature of vascular oxidative stress with aging and driver of age-related vascular dysfunction. As such, identifying novel strategies to decrease mtROS and improve vascular function, to ultimately reduce the risk of age-related CVD, is an important biomedical objective. MitoQ is a mitochondria-targeted antioxidant that accumulates at the inner mitochondrial membrane where it is optimally positioned to reduce mtROS. Preclinical findings showed that 4 weeks of oral MitoQ supplementation completely restored EDD in old mice, ameliorated mtROS-associated suppression of EDD, and was associated with reduced arterial mtROS, oxidative stress, and improved mitochondrial health. MitoQ therapy also reduced aortic stiffness in old mice. A recent small pilot study of older adults (n=20) found that supplementation with MitoQ was well-tolerated, improved endothelial function, and reduced plasma levels of oxidized low-density lipoprotein, a circulating biomarker of oxidative stress. Consistent with the preclinical findings, preliminary mechanistic assessments in subsets of subjects from the pilot study suggested that improved endothelial function with MitoQ was mediated by reduced endothelial cell mtROS production, associated reductions in tonic mtROS-related suppression of EDD, and improved mitochondrial health, linked in part to changes in circulating factors in the serum induced by chronic MitoQ supplementation. Lastly, MitoQ reduced aortic stiffness in older adults who exhibited age-related aortic stiffening at baseline. The investigators are conducting a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial to establish oral MitoQ (20 mg/day; MitoQ, Ltd.) for 3 months vs. placebo (n=56/group) for improving endothelial function in older men and women (≥60 years), and determine the mechanisms by which MitoQ improves endothelial function. The investigators will also assess the effect of MitoQ on aortic stiffness.
To collect and compare pilot data on the impact of a massage therapy intervention against usual care on self-efficacy measures for patients with advanced heart failure immediately discharged from hospital following left-ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation.
The purposes of this research are to 1) utilize virtual reality (VR) to evaluate the exercise dose required to improve symptoms in those with vestibular (dizziness) disorders, 2) compare VR vestibular exercises to standard exercises, and 3) compare exercise performance outcomes to healthy controls without vestibular disorders. Even though more than 35% of those over 40, and ~50% of those who have had concussion have such symptoms, the dose of specific exercises targeted to improve symptoms is not well defined. In this study, the investigators will use a wireless VR device to measure key parameters and response to exercise. Another advantage of the VR device is the ability to control what the individual can see while performing the exercise. In normal daily life, moving objects and distracting backgrounds can make vestibular exercise too uncomfortable to perform. Using these methods, the investigators aim to determine the appropriate type and amount of exercise required for symptom improvement. This study will also compare the effectiveness of performing exercises in the virtual reality environment to standard physical therapy and to healthy persons without history of vestibular disorders. Three categories of vestibular disorders will be investigated with an instrumented and usual therapy group of 1) Unilateral hypofunction, 2) bilateral hypofunction, and 3) post-concussion.