There are about 120851 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in United States. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Cigarette smoking during pregnancy increases risk for catastrophic pregnancy complications, growth retardation, other adverse fetal and infant health problems, and later-in-life chronic conditions among exposed offspring. The most effective intervention for reducing smoking during pregnancy is financial incentives whereby participants earn incentives (e.g., gift cards, cash) contingent on objective evidence of smoking abstinence. However, financial incentives-based interventions are typically delivered in relatively intense protocols requiring frequent clinic visits, which limits the geographical range over which services can be delivered and potentially denies treatment to those residing in remote or otherwise difficult to reach settings. The present study will examine the feasibility, efficacy, and cost-effectiveness of a smartphone-based financial incentives intervention whereby smoking monitoring and delivery of incentives are completed remotely using a mobile app (to be designed by DynamiCare Health, Inc.). Eligible participants who complete the informed consent process will be randomized to one of two conditions: an incentives condition wherein women will receive financial incentives contingent on the remote submission of breath and saliva specimens indicating abstinence from recent smoking (described below), or a best practices control condition in which women will receive usual care for smoking cessation that is provided at their obstetrical clinics, as well as three brief educational sessions and referral to the Vermont (or other state) pregnancy-specific quit line by our research staff. For inclusion in the study, women must meet the following criteria: (a) > 18 years of age, (b) report being smokers at the time they learned of the current pregnancy, (c) report smoking in the 7 days prior to completing their phone eligibility screening, (c) < 25 weeks pregnant, (d) speak English, (e) own a smartphone (Android or iOS; 81.8% of pregnant women in wave 1 [2013-2014] of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health [PATH] reported owning a smartphone). Exclusion criteria include: (a) current or prior mental or medical condition that may interfere with study participation (assessed via self-report during phone eligibility screening), (b) smoke marijuana more than once each week and not willing to quit (marijuana smoking can inflate breath CO), (c) exposed to unavoidable occupational sources of CO (e.g., car mechanic), and (d) self-report currently being maintained on opioid maintenance therapy (e.g., methadone, buprenorphine). Participants randomized to the incentives condition will select a quit date (either the first or second Monday following their enrollment), and will submit videos of themselves blowing into a breath CO monitor twice daily during week 1. They will receive incentives for every sample where expired breath CO is < 6 ppm. Beginning in week 2 and extending through week 6, participants will submit videos twice per week (Monday/Thursday) for which they will receive incentives for providing videos of themselves completing saliva cotinine tests indicating smoking abstinence. From week 7 until delivery, participants will submit videos once per week and will continue to receive incentives for saliva cotinine tests indicating no smoking. During the postpartum period, women will submit videos twice weekly for the first 4 weeks and once weekly from weeks 5-12. Women will receiving incentives for negative breath and saliva samples, and the value of incentives will increase with each consecutive sample indicating smoking abstinence. Participants will not receive incentives for missed samples or samples that indicate smoking, and the incentive schedule will be reset at its starting value. However two consecutive negative samples following a missed or positive sample will restore the incentive to its prior value. Women in both conditions will complete seven formal assessments of their smoking status during their participation along with a treatment acceptability questionnaire and semi-structured interview on barriers and facilitators of treatment engagement. We conducted a power analysis to estimate the number of participants required to detect treatment effects assuming late-pregnancy abstinence rates of approximately 40% vs. < 10% (incentives vs. best practices, respectively), and 24-week postpartum abstinence rates of approximately 20% vs. < 5%. The proposed sample size of 76 per treatment condition will result in at least 80% power to detect a difference between the two treatment conditions in abstinence rates of 40% vs. 10 % at late-pregnancy or 20% vs. 5% at 24-weeks postpartum assessments using a chi-square test and significance level of 0.05.
This is a prospective observational single cohort trial quantifying time to radiographic union (primary endpoint) and convenience, satisfaction, pain and resource requirements (secondary) for patients with non-operatively treated distal radius fractures managed with a thermoformable Exos short-arm brace.
This clinical trial will test whether depression symptoms and cognitive functioning are impacted by internet-delivered mindfulness training following the principles of mindfulness meditation. The population is adults ages 65+ experiencing a current major depressive episode. Participants will receive an approximate 10-week instruction in mindfulness meditation, provided remotely through internet. Outcomes are depressive symptoms, assessed via clinical interview and self-report, and cognitive function, assessed via smartphone-delivered cognitive tests and surveys. The total duration of participation is approximately 18 weeks.
This is a Phase 1, open label, non-randomised, dose-escalation single agent study with expansion cohorts for dose confirmation/safety and preliminary efficacy of MCLA-145 in selected advanced or metastatic solid tumors.
The purpose of this multi-center observational study (utilizing the sites enrolling patients for the Pediatric Adenotonsillectomy Trial for Snoring (PATS) [1U011HL125307-O1A1]) is to gather data regarding children with Down syndrome (DS) and Sleep Disordered Breathing (SDB) referred for treatment with adenotonsillectomy to inform a future randomized controlled trial in this population.
After diagnosis of Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome (CECS), the participants will be referred to both physical therapy and Botox injection. In physical therapy, the therapist will perform strength measurements of the lower leg (ankle plantarflexion and dorsiflexion) which will be repeated 2 months following the injection. An ultrasound-guided injection of 50 units of Botox will be administered into the tibialis anterior. 25 units will be injected into two different spots in the muscle one being more proximal and the other distal. This will be a one-time injection and will be observed as to how it effects participant symptoms over the next 6 months at either a clinic visit (at 2 months) or telephone call (at 4 and 6 months after injection) via the University of Wisconsin Running Index. Two months following the injection, the participant will undergo repeat measurements of strength using the Kiio Force Sensor. Should potential participants of childbearing potential wish to enroll in the study, a urine pregnancy test will be performed prior to enrollment; participants will not be enrolled if test is positive.
Polio is a serious disease that can cause paralysis and death. It is caused by a virus and can be prevented by vaccine. The World Health Organization's (WHO) Global Polio Eradication Initiative is trying to get rid of all polio disease around the world. Researchers want to help by testing a new vaccine. In many countries, people are vaccinated with oral polio vaccine (OPV) given by mouth during childhood. OPV is good at giving immunity (protection from polio) in the body and the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Immunity in the GI tract is called mucosal immunity. The downsides of using OPV are that it can be shed into the environment in people's feces after vaccination where it can infect people who are not vaccinated, and it can cause paralysis in 2-4 of every one million children vaccinated with OPV. The United States (U.S.) stopped giving any OPV to people for vaccinations in the 1990's. Since then, a polio vaccine called inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) is given as an injection for routine childhood immunizations in the U.S. You cannot get polio infection from IPV and it will not be shed into the environment. In 2016, the WHO started a plan to help other countries gradually get rid of OPV. The downside of using IPV by itself is that, unlike OPV, it doesn't give enough mucosal immunity to protect people living in places where there is still polio. There are also supply shortages of IPV, which is a problem if there are outbreaks of polio. For the supply of IPV to help more people, it is safe and effective to use a tiny dose of IPV injected under the top layer of skin (intradermal or ID injection) rather than getting the full dose in the muscle. This is called a fractional dose of IPV, or fIPV. To help stop using OPV globally, a better fIPV vaccine is needed. fIPV vaccine needs a substance to help stimulate a mucosal immune response. dmLT is a substance that has been shown to stimulate a mucosal immune response. It has been shown to be safe and effective in both humans and animals, both by itself and when given with other vaccines. This study will test a mixture of fIPV-dmLT given intradermally (under the outer layer of the skin). This is the first study done in humans to give this combination intradermally. The IPV vaccine has already been approved by the FDA. The fIPV-dmLT vaccine has not been approved by the FDA.
This is a Phase 2, double-blind study in pediatric subjects undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy.
This pilot trial studies the side effects and how well CBM588 works in improving clinical outcomes in participants who have undergone donor hematopoietic stem cell transplant. Gut microbiota (formerly called gut flora) is the name given to the microbe (bacteria) population living in the intestine. Gut bacteria help the body to digest certain foods that the stomach and small intestine have not been able to digest. CBM588, may increase gut bacteria biodiversity, prevent recurrent symptoms of gastrointestinal toxicity (ranging from diarrhea to life-threatening inflammation of the colon).
This feasibility and acceptability study will compare in-person to web-based parenting education for adolescent fathers on the outcomes of parenting confidence and participation in parenting activities.