There are about 110693 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in United States. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Schizophrenia is associated with high rates of cigarette smoking and associated morbidity and mortality. In this study, smokers with schizophrenia will complete a baseline session and then randomized to varenicline (VAR) or placebo (PLA). After 1 week on medication, participants will complete a cigarette rating task session. Participants will then undergo a 72-hr abstinence period in which they will come to the laboratory twice per day and receive high-value cash reinforcement contingent upon meeting a strict breath CO abstinence criterion. At each visit, they will rate withdrawal symptoms, mood and craving. At the end of the abstinence period, they will repeat the cigarette rating task. Participants will return to the lab to provide a CO sample 24 hours later, and will text the lab with videos of their CO samples for one week. Date and time of smoking relapse will be measured from these samples.
The human skin aging process is characterized by thinning dermis, atrophy of the extracellular matrix, and reduced collagen synthesis. Loss of collagen in the dermis is of aesthetic concern, as it is the main structural support in the dermis and its loss results in skin laxity. Photo-damaged skin, mostly due to UVR, causes degradation of elastic fibers. This is histologically seen as disorganized tangles of elastin. Additionally, as humans age, skin tends to appear more dry due to its poor hydration and turgor capacity. The use of minimally invasive aesthetic treatments in reducing signs of aging has been gaining in popularity over surgical treatments in recent years. Several energy types including, laser, radiofrequency, infrared, and ultrasound, have been developed for facial rejuvenation. These treatments induce controlled thermal damage into the dermis and cause collagen contraction and neocollagenesis resulting in skin tightening over several months. For improving appearance of other anatomical areas, micro-focused ultrasound has been the preferred method, but has shown limited success in tightening the suprapatellar skin. As with facial skin aging, the suprapatellar skin loses elasticity with age and begins to sag. Noninvasive treatments used for the face may also be used in other anatomical areas to produce the same effects of tightening. Minimally invasive bipolar radiofrequency produces a controlled thermal injury in a fractional manner without damaging the dermal-epidermal junction, epidermis or subcutis. Radiofrequency, unlike lasers, are chromophore-independent providing better penetration than lasers, and spare sweat glands, sebaceous glands, and hair follicles. The Profound System is a bipolar fractional radiofrequency device which uses microneedles and thermal heat to stimulate neocollagenesis. Based on the its effect on facial skin, it can be hypothesized that bipolar fractional radiofrequency will stimulate similar effect on suprapatellar skin, lifting and reducing laxity of the skin in that region. This study intends to evaluate the effectiveness of the Profound System on suprapatellar skin, which has been FDA approved for treatment of facial wrinkles and improvement in the appearance of cellulite. This device is a well studied and frequently used on facial skin, however, there are no studies showing its effectiveness elsewhere on the body. There are alternative treatments that have been shown to decrease laxity of the suprapatellar skin, however, the studies include a small and limited population, and have not produced the desired effects in practice. The Profound device may be able to produce clinically significant improvement in laxity of the suprapatellar skin.
Caregivers suffer great amounts of distress that significantly impacts their mental and physical well-being, yet caregivers' access to quality, evidence-based care is currently very limited. The public health significance of the proposed study is that our internet and mobile-based web intervention will (1) significantly reduce caregiver distress and improve caregivers' overall well-being, and (2) dramatically increase caregivers' access to high quality, evidence-based care at relatively low cost.
Project MADD was designed to attempt to curb the alarming trends related to drunk driving and to move the field forward by testing a brief parent-intervention's ability to change adolescents' drinking, impaired driving, and riding with impaired driver behaviors. The aim of this project is to provide an easy-to-implement and low-cost alternative parent-based intervention that can be widely disseminated to address this important public health problem.
This is a Phase 1, Multicenter, Open-Label, Parallel Group Adaptive Pharmacokinetic Single Dose Study of ISIS 681257 Subcutaneous Injections in Male And Female Subjects with Normal and Impaired Renal Function
This phase I trial studies the side effects of NY-ESO-1 TCR engineered peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) after melphalan conditioning regimen in treating participants with multiple myeloma that has come back or does not respond to treatment. The melphalan conditioning chemotherapy makes room in the patient?s bone marrow for new blood cells (PBMC) and blood-forming cells (stem cells) to grow. Giving NY-ESO-1 TCR PBMC and stem cells after the conditioning chemotherapy is intended to replace the immune system with new immune cells that have been redirected to attack and kill the cancer cells and thereby improve immune system function against cancer. Giving NY-ESO-1 TCR PBMC and PBSC after melphalan may work better at treating multiple myeloma.
In this study, the investigators will evaluate the blood pressure response to nifedipine and labetalol in pregnant and postpartum patients, who present with hypertensive disease in pregnancy with severe range blood pressure defined as greater than 160/110. These anti-hypertensives are first line therapy for management of severe range blood pressures in pregnancy and postpartum by the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologist (ACOG). In addition at the Mount Sinai West site, the investigators will also analyze the ADRB1 and similar genes involved in beta blockade, genes involved in calcium channel blockade and other genes implicated in blood pressure response among pregnant and postpartum patients receiving labetalol and nifedipine. This analysis will be used to determine if a pharmacogenetic association exists between variant alleles in these receptors in the pregnant and postpartum population.
The purpose of this study is to determine if dry needling (DN) and soft tissue mobilization (STM) is superior to standard treatment protocol for affecting pain, pain medication usage and measurements of range of motion (ROM) after ACL reconstruction surgery compared to a standard treatment protocol. Measurements of pain, pain medication usage, lower extremity functional scale (LEFS) and ROM will be taken day 2 post op and 1 week, 2 weeks, 3 weeks, and 4 weeks post op. It is hypothesized that the inclusion of DN and STM will acutely decrease the demand for pain medication and improve objective measurements when compared to a standard treatment protocol. Findings will potentially lead to insights as to the benefit of applying these interventions to help decrease the demand for pain medication post-surgery.
The goal of this study is to determine whether QL blocks reduce opioid consumption following arthroscopic hip surgery by decreasing postoperative pain. Considering the current opioid epidemic, the responsibility of physicians to help prevent addiction, and the increasing prevalence of arthroscopic hip surgeries, this study holds a tremendous potential benefit for future patients.
This will be a single-center, randomized, double-blinded, vehicle-controlled clinical study to determine the efficacy of Enstilar® foam, a combination of calcipotriene and betamethasone dipropionate 0.005%/0.064%, in the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris in skin of color (FST IV-VI). This study will also evaluate the degree of erythema versus hyperpigmentation in psoriasis plaques in skin of color (and its change with Enstilar ® treatment) as well as the effect of Enstilar ® on post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation and quality of life.