There are about 216 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Nepal. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Propofol is routinely used in our hospital for ECT. It causes hypotension and has anticonvulsant actions. Use of ketofol ( 1:1 combination of ketamine and propofol) during ECT can have longer seizure duration and better hemodynamics than propofol alone which ultimately leads to better therapeutic efficacy. Motor seizure duration of minimum 20-25 seconds is usually recommended for therapeutic efficacy of ECT.Patients planned for electroconvulsive therapy meeting the inclusion criteria and not having exclusion criteria will be randomized into two groups. Group K will receive titrated dose of Ketofol and Group P will receive titrated dose of Propofol for induction of anaesthesia
As many as 1 in 3 women in Nepal suffer from perinatal depression however, they often go unidentified and untreated. Lack of knowledge limited trained human resources, and unavailability of specific maternal mental health services are some of the major barriers impeding help-seeking. To mitigate this gap, the World Health Organization recommended Thinking Healthy Programme (THP), a psychological intervention that can be delivered by non-specialists and has been proven effective for perinatal depression in a resource constrained context. The THP has already been translated and adapted to Nepali context. In this study, the investigators plan to pilot test the intervention and assess its feasibility, acceptability, appropriateness, and preliminary effectiveness when delivered by the Female Community Health Volunteers (FCHVs). The FCHVs are cadre of Nepal Government mobilized for the prevention and promotion of maternal and child health in the community level.
Trigger fingers (TF) is the common cause of pain and disturbed function of hand. Many studies show that percutaneous release of A1 pulley has better outcome than the steroid injection. However, over the past many years, steroid injection has been considered as the choice of treatment after the failure of conservative treatment methods. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of percutaneous release of A1 pulley compared with the local Steroid injection in the treatment of trigger fingers. This study is based on a randomized clinical trial to compare the effect of the percutaneous release of A1 pulley with steroid injection in trigger fingers. A total of 112 participants aged 18 years and above suffering from trigger fingers with failed conservative treatment will be intervened randomly (56 participants in injection group and 56 participants in percutaneous release group). The Quinnell's classification, VAS scoring system and active range of movement in the affected site will be assessed at the baseline and the same criteria will be at one month and three month as end line assessment. Statistical analyses will be performed using independent t-test and Mann Whitney U test to compare between the two means. The outcome of this study will help to guide the physicians to choose the better therapeutic approach among the patients suffering from trigger fingers.
This study is conducted to determine whether morphine added to bupivacaine in ultrasound guided (USG) transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block has beneficial effects than bupivacaine alone in providing postoperative analgesia for inguinal hernia surgery.
This study is designed to assess the impact of the first introduction of microscope-based health education on people's attitude and practice towards disease prevention in Nepal, measured by vaccine acceptance rate. Such health education has an important role to play in communities where vaccine acceptance is low.
In the current era, laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the treatment of choice for symptomatic gallstone disease. The aim of this study is to find out the prevalence of open cholecystectomy among patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a tertiary care center.
Hypertension is a global risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Approximately 80% hypertension burden is in low-and-middle income countries. Hypertension can be managed with antihypertensive medication and following effective lifestyle interventions, however the control rate of hypertension among those on treatment is dismal. In Nepal, a quarter of adult population have hypertension of whom, 44% are unaware of their status, 33% are on treatment, and, only 12% are controlled. A comprehensive intervention strategy for hypertension management has shown promising results in high income countries. Therefore, it is of interest to understand its effectiveness, appropriateness and feasibility in the low income settings such as Nepal. The objective of the trial is to assess the impact on net change in mean systolic blood pressure measured between 7 to 8 months follow-up of a comprehensive intervention which provides personalized counselling on lifestyle modification and medication adherence together with support for regular monitoring of blood pressure at home, compared with a control arm where hypertensive patients have access to routine care only. The investigators are proposing a cluster randomized controlled trial conducted in government health facilities from Budhanilakantha, an urban municipality in the Bagmati Province of Nepal. Trial arms: 1) control (routine hypertension care); 2) Comprehensive approach to hypertension management that includes blood pressure (BP) audit and feedback by physician (nurse and doctor), and patient support to monitor BP, and home based patient care by community health workers to encourage self-monitoring of BP followed by tailored educational counselling on behavioral and lifestyle change. Eligible participants providing consent will be enrolled into the trial by a research assistant who will conduct interviews. Those from the intervention arm will receive the home visits for 6 months. Participants from both arms will provide follow up data in 7 to 8 months.
Proposal for Sub-Study to be conducted with the WHO Solidarity Plus Trial: Apart from the data been collected as per the WHO Solidarity Trial Plus protocol, Nepal Health Research Council will conduct a sub-study to evaluate some components which are felt to be important in the local context but have not been included as part of the Solidarity Trial Plus. Rather that conducting a separate study, the following components can be evaluated by collecting additional data as a part of sub-study in the local context.
To determine risk factors associated with recurrent intussusception among pediatric patients who have undergone successful reduction at a tertiary care hospital.
With the rise of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and diabetes, the global disease burden is shifting towards non-communicable diseases (NCDs). An increasing number of low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are currently experiencing the double burden of infectious and non-communicable diseases. In order to facilitate a patient-centred approach to healthcare, there is an urgent need to ensure that primary healthcare (PHC) facilities in LMICs are capable of addressing diagnosis and monitoring of non-communicable diseases at the point-of-care (POC). Important minimum parameters for PHC POC diagnosis and monitoring of cardiometabolic diseases are lipids/lipoproteins, glucose, glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and serum creatinine, to address cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease. While several technologies of multi-parameter POC devices capable of supporting diagnosis and monitoring of cardiometabolic diseases exist, their quantitative accuracy is often not well evaluated outside of the manufacturer's laboratories and published independent evaluations can be rare, particularly in the settings of intended use. These settings are PHC facilities in varying climatic environments and with staff without specialist laboratory training. Our study aims to evaluate the quantitative accuracy of 2 cardiometabolic POC devices in a setting of intended use and performed by the intended user. (Evaluating the quantitative measurements of glucose, HbA1c, total cholesterol and creatinine as measured in a healthcare setting with point-of-care multiparameter devices compared to a laboratory reference method).