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NCT ID: NCT05421286 Not yet recruiting - Inflammation Clinical Trials

The MISTRAL Study: Gut Microbiome Correlates of Serious AIDS and Non-AIDS Events

MISTRAL
Start date: July 1, 2022
Phase:
Study type: Observational [Patient Registry]

MISTRAL (Microbiome-based stratification of individuals at risk of HIV-1 acquisition, chronic clinical complications, antimicrobial drug resistance, and unresponsiveness to therapeutic HIV-1 vaccination) is a 5-year EU Horizon 2020 project, running from 1/1/2020 - 31/12/2024. The project is led by Fundacio Privada Institut de Recerca de la Sida-Caixa CAIXA in Barcelona and aims to explore the gut microbiota in relation to HIV-1, seeking microbiome biomarkers to support development of interventions that mitigate infection and enhance response to vaccines and therapies. If successful, MISTRAL will benefit millions of human beings living with, or at risk of acquiring HIV-1 infection, and will produce novel concepts and technical innovations applicable to other human diseases. By doing that, MISTRAL will help to unlock the full clinical potential of the human microbiome to stratify patient outcomes and will irreversibly bring microbiome science closer to clinical practice

NCT ID: NCT05348733 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

A Study Called FINE-REAL to Learn More About the Use of the Drug Finerenone in a Routine Medical Care Setting

Start date: June 13, 2022
Phase:
Study type: Observational

This is an observational study in people with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) who will be receiving finerenone. Kidneys filter extra water and waste out of the blood and make urine. CKD is a long-term, progressive, decrease in the kidneys' ability filter the blood properly. In people with T2D, the body does not make enough of a hormone called insulin, or does not use insulin well enough, resulting in high blood sugar levels that can cause damage to the kidneys. As a result, CKD can occur as a complication of T2D. Finerenone works by blocking certain proteins, called mineralocorticoid receptors. An increased stimulation of these proteins is thought to damage the kidneys and the heart. By lowering their stimulation, finerenone reduces the risk of kidney disease progressively getting worse. Finerenone is available and approved for doctors to prescribe to people with CKD and T2D. Since it has only recently become available for these patients, there is a need for more information about the use of finerenone in the real-world setting. The main purpose of the study is to learn more about treatment patterns in people with CKD and T2D who will start finerenone treatment as decided and prescribed by their doctor as part of their routine medical care. To answer this question, the researchers will collect data on: - Clinical characteristics (e.g., history of CKD and T2D, blood pressure, heart health) of the participants - Reasons for starting finerenone - Reasons for stopping finerenone early - How long participants have been taking finerenone (planned by their doctor compared to actual time it was taken) - Dosing of finerenone - Other medications used while taking finerenone The researchers will also collect data on medical problems (called adverse events) that the participants may have during the study. All adverse events are collected, even if they might not be related to the study treatment. Hyperkalemia, a medical term used to describe a potassium level in the blood that is higher than normal, is of special interest when finerenone is combined with some medications commonly taken to control blood pressure. Researchers want to know how often higher potassium levels occur, and when it leads to: - Stopping finerenone treatment too early - Dialysis (a medical procedure to filter the blood of extra water and waste) - Care in a hospital All data will come from medical records or from interviews study doctors will have with the participants during visits that take place during routine medical care. Participants in the US will be invited to provide voluntary blood and urine samples that could be analyzed later to better understand possible changes in protein or nucleic acid levels over time. Each participant will be in the study for 12 months to 36 months. This time participating in the study may be shorter if their finerenone treatment is stopped early or the study comes to an end as planned in November 2025.

NCT ID: NCT05324020 Recruiting - Breast Cancer Clinical Trials

eHealth Intervention for Medication Adherence in Breast Cancer Survivors

Edherence
Start date: October 4, 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Tamoxifen and aromatase inhibitors are two oral hormonal therapies (OHT) that decrease the risk of breast cancer recurrence by over 30 %. Their efficacy however strongly depends on the duration of use (5 to 10 years). Earlier work demonstrated that the longer an individual is not taking her OHT the less likely she is to restart her therapy. Thus, identifying the moment of treatment interruption in real-time and being able to contact the patient at these specific time-points may be the key to effective health interventions by improving medication adherence to reduce BC recurrence - therefore, increasing overall Breast Cancer survival (BCS). EHealth technologies may be a very effective mean to identify these interruptions in a real-time manner and to provide support at the time the person needs it. The overall aim of the E-dherence Pilot study is to evaluate the feasibility of the E-Health intervention to enhance OHT adherence in BCS. Feasibility is defined based on 1.The eHealth intervention acceptability, 2. eHealth intervention quality and 3. medication adherence. The study will include female breast cancer starting their first prescription of tamoxifen or aromatase inhibitors and are outpatient and followed-up in either of the 2 study sites. Participants should be 18 years or older and be fluent in french and or German and possess a smart-phone (iOS, Android). The investigators exclude males, patients with in situ metastatic tumors, inpatients and non Luxembourg residents. Within the E-dherence Pilot study each patient receives the eHealth intervention. The eHealth intervention consists a Medication Event Monitoring Systems (MEMS®) Helping Hand and MEMS Adherence Software application. The eHealth intervention will support BCS to adhere to the recommended OHT (i) by alerting the participants to take their OHT, and (ii) by allowing patient-physician communication. The intervention consists of a Medication Event Monitoring Systems (MEMS®), an electronic pillbox that counts the OHT intake, the date and time. Through Near Field Communication (NFC) the device is connected to the MEMS Adherence Software application on the patients' phone (Android or iOS). At the beginning, each patient can personalize the application. This application registers the history of OHT adherence (time and date of medication intake) and sends reminders to the patient to take the treatment as scheduled. Additionally, the patient receives an integrated calendar in the App that notifies the patient for upcoming medical visits. The eHealth intervention comprises a questionnaire that should be filled-out weekly and that informs about the presence and severity of side effects. These data are collected in real-time and monitored on a weekly basis by the clinical research nurse (CRN) in charge of the study. In case of an alert, meaning recurrent non-adherence and/or reporting of side-effects, the CRN will contact the breast cancer nurse (BCN) in charge of the patient. Thus the BCN will contact the patient by phone to check on their health status and together define the future procedure in order for the patient to remain on OHT and/or to better manage their side-effects. In a worst case scenario, the BCN will refer the patient to see the emergency department and/or the oncologist. The study received all ethical approvals.

NCT ID: NCT05271305 Enrolling by invitation - Clinical trials for Familial Hypercholesterolemia

Pilot Study for a National Screening for Familial Hypercholesterolemia

EARLIE
Start date: September 4, 2021
Phase:
Study type: Observational

A pilot study to study the feasibility of the screening of familial hypercholesterolemia within the setting of the legal medical visits at primary school. The pilot study shall evaluate whether this screening set-up is efficient to detect patients having familial hypercholesterolemia, detect further patients by an adjacent cascade screening of family members, to deliver treatment to these patients and to provide this screening in a cost-effective manner.

NCT ID: NCT05266872 Recruiting - Parkinson Disease Clinical Trials

Earlier Diagnosis and Better Treatment Mission Related to the Cohort Programme

LuxPARK
Start date: December 19, 2014
Phase:
Study type: Observational

The Luxembourg Parkinson's Study is an ongoing longitudinal nationwide monocentric observational study. It collects extensive clinical, molecular, genetic, and digital device-based longitudinal data, as well as foreseen post-mortem diagnostic validation (Hipp et al., 2018). The cohort consists of more than 1,600 participants from Luxembourg and the Greater Region, comprising patients with typical PD or atypical parkinsonism - irrespective of disease stage, age, cognitive status, comorbidities, or linguistic background - followed-up annually and age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects followed-up every 4 years. To provide a large, longitudinally followed, and deeply phenotyped set of patients and controls for clinical and fundamental research on PD, we implemented an open-source digital platform that has been partly harmonized with other international PD cohort studies. This effort is flanked by comprehensive biosampling efforts assuring high quality and sustained availability of body liquids and tissue biopsies (including blood, urine, stool, saliva, hair, skin biopsy and cerebrospinal fluid). All data and samples are stored, curated, and integrated into state-of-the-art data and biobank facilities.

NCT ID: NCT05222139 Recruiting - Clinical trials for SARS CoV 2 Infection

Monitoring COVID-19 Vaccination Response in Fragile Populations

ORCHESTRA-4
Start date: May 24, 2021
Phase:
Study type: Observational

The present study is part of ORCHESTRA project, a three-year international research project aimed at tackling the coronavirus pandemic. ORCHESTRA provides an innovative approach to learn from the pandemic SARS-CoV-2 crisis, derive recommendations to further management of COVID-19 and be prepared for the possible future pandemic waves. The ORCHESTRA project aims to deliver sound scientific evidence for the prevention and treatment of the infections caused by SARS-CoV-2 assessing epidemiological, clinical, microbiological, and genotypic aspects of population, environment and socio-economic features. The project builds upon existing, and new largescale population cohorts in Europe (France, Germany, Spain, Italy, Belgium, Romania, Netherlands, Luxemburg, and Slovakia) and non-European countries (India, Perú, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Argentina, Brazil and Gabon) including SARS-CoV-2 infected and non-infected individuals of all ages and conditions. The primary aim of ORCHESTRA is the creation of a new pan European cohort applying homogenous protocols for data collection, data sharing, sampling, and follow-up, which can rapidly advance the knowledge on the control and management of the COVID-19. ORCHESTRA will include SARS-CoV-2-negative individuals and thereby enable a prospective follow-up and an analysis of vaccination response. The cohort will involve four different populations: general population, COVID-19 patients, fragile individuals (children, elderly, transplanted, oncological, HIV infected, and those with Parkinson disease), and health-care workers. Each of these "perpetual" cohorts can answer different research questions and vaccine strategies. Within the ORCHESTRA project, the Work Package 4 (WP4) will focus on the cohort of fragile patients including pregnant women/new-born, children, patients with HIV infection, patients with autoimmune disease, solid organ transplant recipients, patients with oncological and hematological diseases, patients with cystic fibrosis, patients with Parkinson Disease and rheumatological diseases from from 14 countries (5 European and 9 non-European countries), with approximately 20000 subjects.

NCT ID: NCT05138094 Recruiting - Neoplasm Metastasis Clinical Trials

LIVACOR Trial: Minimally Invasive LIVer And Simultaneous COlorectal Resection

LIVACOR
Start date: August 6, 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The LIVACOR - Trial is a European wide, randomized controlled, open-label, multicenter trial. Patients with synchronous colorectal liver metastases (CRLMs) and primary colorectal tumor are considered eligible and will be randomized between minimally invasive (MI) combined or staged colorectal resection (all colectomies, including high anterior resection) and liver resection of up to three segments.

NCT ID: NCT04948840 Recruiting - Breast Cancer Clinical Trials

Pilot Study of the Predictive Value of TREM1 Expression and Activation in Inflammation and Radio-induced Mammary Fibrosis

TREM-1
Start date: April 1, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in the world. Half of patients with such cancer are treated with radiation therapy. Some patients will develop cutaneous or subcutaneous fibrosis, more or less bothersome. Several studies have shown a correlation between an inflammatory reaction and a protein, called TREM-1. But to date, no link has been proven between TREM-1 and inflammation / fibrosis in the phenomena of fibrosis induced by radiotherapy in patients with breast cancer. Our study aims to understand the involvement of this TREM-1 protein in the development of fibrosis or radio-epidermis in patients with breast cancer.

NCT ID: NCT04891133 Recruiting - COVID-19 Clinical Trials

EU SolidAct: An Adaptive Pandemic and Emerging Infection Platform Trial

Start date: June 3, 2021
Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

EU SolidAct is a randomized, multifactorial, adaptive platform trial for COVID-19 and emerging infectious diseases and pandemics. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of a range of interventions to improve outcome of patients admitted to hospital with COVID-19. The platform is designed for running phase 2 and phase 3 trials, and with modular data capture (end point/safety data, biobanking, add-on studies) depending on the capacity of participating sites. The study consists of two parts with different primary end points depending on disease stage: EU SolidAct part A includes hospitalized patients with moderate disease, whereas EU SolidAct part B includes hospitalized patients with severe and critical disease.

NCT ID: NCT04848623 Recruiting - Chronic Disease Clinical Trials

Identification of Vocal Biomarkers to Monitor the Health of People With a Chronic Disease

CoLive Voice
Start date: June 26, 2021
Phase:
Study type: Observational

The CoLive Voice research project aims to identify vocal biomarkers of severe conditions and frequent health symptoms. The project is based on digital technologies and statistical algorithms. This is an international anonymous survey where vocal recordings are collected simultaneously with large validated clinical and epidemiological data, in the context of various chronic diseases or frequent health symptoms in the general population.