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NCT ID: NCT05452447 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Arbovirus Infections

Spatial Repellents for Aedes-borne Virus Control in Sri Lanka

Start date: August 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The primary objective of the study is to demonstrate and quantify the protective efficacy (PE) of a single SR product, in reducing DENV infection and active Aedes-borne virus (ABV) disease in human cohorts. The study design will be a prospective, cluster randomized controlled trial (cRCT). Although not a specific objective of this project, an overall goal is to allow for official recommendations (or not) from the World Health Organization (WHO) for the use of SRs in public health. A WHO global policy recommendation will establish evaluation systems of SR products to regulate efficacy evaluations, thereby increasing quality, overall use and a consequent reduction in disease.

NCT ID: NCT05395195 Not yet recruiting - Encephalopathy Clinical Trials

Erythropoietin for Neonatal Encephalopathy in LMIC (EMBRACE Trial)

Start date: December 1, 2022
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

One million babies die, and at least 2 million survive with lifelong disabilities following neonatal encephalopathy (NE) in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), every year. Cooling therapy in the context of modern tertiary intensive care improves outcome after NE in high-income countries. However, the uptake and applicability of cooling therapy in LMICs is poor, due to the lack of intensive care and transport facilities to initiate and administer the treatment within the six-hours window after birth as well as the absence of safety and efficacy data on hypothermia for moderate or severe NE. Erythropoietin (Epo) is a promising neuroprotectant with both acute effects (anti-inflammatory, anti-excitotoxic, antioxidant, and antiapoptotic) and regenerative effects (neurogenesis, angiogenesis, and oligodendrogenesis),which are essential for the repair of injury and normal neurodevelopment. Pooled data from 5 small randomized clinical trials (RCTs) (n=348 babies), suggests that Epo (without cooling therapy) reduce the risk of death or disability at 3 months or more after NE (Risk Ratio 0.62 (95% CI 0.40 to 0.98). Hence, a definitive trial (phase III) for rigorous evaluation of the safety and efficacy of Epo monotherapy in LMIC is now warranted.

NCT ID: NCT05109611 Active, not recruiting - Clinical trials for SARS-CoV-2 Infection

Nitric Oxide Nasal Spray (NONS) as Prevention for Treatment of Individuals at Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 Infection

Start date: November 20, 2021
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

A multicenter, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, phase 3 clinical efficacy study evaluating nitric oxide nasal spray (NONS) as prevention for treatment of individuals at risk of exposure to COVID-19 infection.

NCT ID: NCT05051774 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Coronary Heart Disease

Effectiveness of a Motivated, Action-based Intervention on Health Outcomes of Coronary Heart Disease Patients

Start date: August 15, 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Coronary heart disease (CHD), the major group of cardiovascular disorders, is the leading cause of cardiac-associated mortality, causing >9 million death in 2016. American Heart Association (AHA) and the American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) recognized that lifestyle modification including physical activity is the class one-level recommendation for secondary prevention and risk reduction therapy for patients with CHD. The assessment of physical activity and confidence in performing exercise for patients with CHD will help healthcare professionals to develop and implement the appropriate intervention to enhance patients' confidence in performing exercise and physical activity to promote and maintain their health. With the increasing morbidity and mortality from CHD, especially in low and middle-income countries, secondary prevention including exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) plays an important role to improve the prognosis of CHD patients. High prevalence of physical inactivity, unhealthy dietary practices, poor control of blood glucose, blood pressure (BP), blood lipid, and body weight (BW) was found among CHD patients in the world as well as in Sri Lanka. Therefore, it is important to design and implement an appropriate intervention to improve the physical activity level, exercise self-efficacy, and cardiovascular risk factors in CHD patients in Sri Lanka. This study aims to develop and examine a culturally specific motivated, action-based intervention for improving physical activity level, exercise self-efficacy, and cardiovascular risk factors of CHD patients in Sri Lanka. The participants will be patients who admitted to the coronary care unit (CCU) and medical wards of the Teaching Hospital Batticaloa, Sri Lanka with CHD for the first time confirmed by electrocardiogram with aged 18 years or above, able to reads and speak Tamil, able to attend clinic follow-up, obtain a medical clearance from a cardiologist to perform the exercise and, able to understand and give informed consent. The medical records of the CHD patients will be reviewed to screen for their eligibility. In addition, the cardiologist of the participants will be consulted for their suitability to perform the exercise of the intervention. The purpose of the study, the data collection procedures, the potential risk and benefits, the maintenance of confidentiality, and the voluntary basis of participation will be clearly explained to the participants, and informed written consent will be obtained before data collection. Ethical approval was obtained from The Joint Chinese University of Hong Kong - New Territories East Cluster Clinical Research Ethics Committee and Ethics Review Committee, Faculty of Health Care-sciences, Eastern University, Sri Lanka. The Statistical Package for Social Science version 22.0 software (SPSS 22.0) will be used to analyze the data and the p-value less than 0.5 will be considered as significant. This study will provide evidence on the effectiveness of a motivated, action-based intervention on the physical activity level, cardiovascular risk factors, and exercise self-efficacy of CHD patients in Sri Lanka. Findings from this study could be useful to promote healthy lifestyle behaviors in CHD patients in a low-resource setting. Furthermore, this study will provide information on which level this intervention could be applied and possible constraints that hinder the outcomes of the results.

NCT ID: NCT04904549 Active, not recruiting - COVID-19 Clinical Trials

Study of Monovalent and Bivalent Recombinant Protein Vaccines Against COVID-19 in Adults 18 Years of Age and Older

Start date: May 26, 2021
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this Phase III study is to assess the efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity of two CoV2 preS dTM-AS03 vaccines (monovalent and bivalent) as part of primary series vaccinations in a multi-stage approach, as well as a booster injection of a CoV2 preS dTM-AS03 vaccine, in adults 18 years of age and older. A total of approximately 21 046 participants are planned to be enrolled (5080 per study intervention group in Stage 1 and 5443 per study intervention group in Stage 2). Initial, double-blind, primary series study design is planned for 365 days post-last Initial injection (ie, approximately 386 days total) for each participant. Based on decisions of the Study Oversight Group, Stage 1 and Stage 2 participants will be invited to participate in an unblinded Crossover / Booster study design with duration as follows: - For participants who initially received vaccine: 12 months post-booster (ie, approximately 18 to 24 months) - For participants who initially received placebo: ≥ 4 months post-last dose of the primary series + 12 months post-booster (ie, approximately 28 to 34 months) - For participants who do not consent to continue in the unblinded Crossover / Booster part of the study, all study procedures will be stopped and participants will be discontinued from the study.

NCT ID: NCT04518293 Recruiting - Hypertension Clinical Trials

Efficacy and Safety of GMRx2 Compared to Dual Combinations for the Treatment of Hypertension

Start date: June 26, 2021
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

Recent hypertension guidelines recommend combination therapy as initial treatment for many or most patients. Several trials suggest triple low-dose combination therapy may be highly effective in terms of achieving blood pressure control without increasing adverse effects. This trial is designed to investigate the efficacy and safety of GMRx2 in participants with high blood pressure compared to dual combinations.

NCT ID: NCT04381936 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome

Randomised Evaluation of COVID-19 Therapy

Start date: March 19, 2020
Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

RECOVERY is a randomised trial investigating whether treatment with Lopinavir-Ritonavir, Hydroxychloroquine, Corticosteroids, Azithromycin, Colchicine, IV Immunoglobulin (children only), Convalescent plasma, Casirivimab+Imdevimab, Tocilizumab, Aspirin, Baricitinib, Infliximab, Empagliflozin, Sotrovimab, Molnupiravir, Paxlovid or Anakinra (children only) prevents death in patients with COVID-19.

NCT ID: NCT04287985 Active, not recruiting - Clinical trials for Immunoglobulin A Nephropathy

Safety and Efficacy Study of VIS649 for IgA Nephropathy

Start date: July 20, 2020
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of VIS649 in participants with immunoglobulin A (IgA) Nephropathy (IgAN)

NCT ID: NCT04098198 Completed - Biomarker Clinical Trials

Biomarkers for Inborn Errors of Metabolism

Start date: August 1, 2019
Study type: Observational

International, multicenter, observational, longitudinal study to identify or monitor Inborn Error of Metabolism disease biomarkers and to explore the clinical robustness, specificity, and long-term variability of these biomarkers

NCT ID: NCT03922594 Terminated - Microcephaly Clinical Trials

Surveillance of Zika-related Microcephaly in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia

Start date: May 20, 2019
Study type: Observational [Patient Registry]

This study will explore whether ZIKV is currently responsible for neurological complications, and particularly microcephaly, in Aedes-infested regions of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and Asia. This will inform regional public health strategies, such as vaccination of women of child-bearing age. It will also demonstrate the public health impact of ZIKV infection and increase the understanding of other regional infectious (e.g. cytomegalovirus) causes of microcephaly.