There are about 4521 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in India. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Evaluation of microneedling vs injectable -platelet rich fibrin on gingival phenotype in thin periodontal phenotype.
This Clinical trial study for the effect of a product E-PR-01 will be studied for its ability to attain rapid pain relief in the individuals suffering from exercise-induced knee joint pain, as well as determine its sustained effect on pain reduction over a treatment period of five days.
Rationale: Early in the covid-19 pandemic, it was unclear whether and how individuals and populations would develop protective and enduring immunity against SARS-CoV-2, either after infection or vaccination. It is still not clear what role might immune cellular responses play in the development of immunity to SARS-CoV-2 infection and what are the implications for vaccines? As T cells recognise and respond to viral antigens they produce many protective reactions and effector molecules. One such molecule is the cytokine interferon γ, secreted by CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and their memory cells. This can be measured means of documenting specific T cell responses to viral antigens. Published studies offered a strong evidence that T cell immune responses are sustained, even in the face of declining or undetectable antibodies, implying that some immunity persists. The evidence from new studies, interim results from phase III vaccine trials, and previous data from phase I and phase II trials support the notion that memory T cell responses to the vaccines, along with B cell antibody responses, should provide good and possibly enduring immunity to SARS-Cov-2. We propose to describe and characterize the humoral, innate and long-term adaptive immune responses and the neutralization potential generated by COVID-19 vaccination (Covaxin, Covishield) among healthcare and frontline workers.
DESTINY-Lung04 will investigate the efficacy and safety of Trastuzumab Deruxtecan (T-DXd) versus Standard of Care (SoC) as first-line treatment of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) with HER2 Exon 19 or 20 mutations
Researchers are looking for a better way to treat people who have non-diabetic chronic kidney disease (non-diabetic CKD). The trial treatment, finerenone, is being developed to help people who have long lasting kidney disease, also known as chronic kidney disease (CKD). It works by blocking a certain hormone called aldosterone that causes injury and inflammation in the heart and kidney which is known to play a role in CKD. In this trial, the researchers want to learn if finerenone helps to slow down the worsening of the participants' non-diabetic CKD compared to a placebo. A placebo looks like a trial treatment but does not have any medicine in it. The trial will include about 1,580 men and women who are at least 18 years old. The participants will take finerenone or a placebo once a day as tablets by mouth. All of the participants will also continue to take their current medicine for their CKD. The participants will be in the trial for up to about 50 months. During the trial, the doctors will collect blood and urine samples and check the participants' health. The participants will also answer questions about how they are feeling and what adverse events they are having. An adverse event is a medical problem that happens during the trial. Doctors keep track of all adverse events that happen in trials, even if they do not think the adverse events might be related to the trial treatments.
The 4-month daily regimen containing moxifloxacin (2HRZEM 7 / 2HRM7) of ICMR-NIRT was studied in 321 sputum positive pulmonary TB patients in a randomised clinical trial. Of the 321, there were 96% with sputum smear grading of 2+/3+ and 80% with >2 zone involvement in the chest radiograph, The sputum culture conversion at the end of intensive phase was 94%, favourable response at the end of treatment of 92% and the TB recurrence rate was 4.1%. The regimen was safe and well tolerated. The advantages of a 33% reduction in treatment duration are manifold in terms of financial and other administrative implications. As the next logical step we believe that the effectiveness of this shortened regimen that proved successful in our study needs to be tested in the field. Under NTEP the anti-TB drugs are offered as Fixed dose Combination (FDC).3 The HREZ intensive phase and HRE continuation phase FDC are administered to patients based on body weight category. If our proposed study proves successful, the addition of moxifloxacin tablet to the FDC of anti-TB drugs in the intensive and continuation phases of treatment would be feasible under TB program settings. We propose to evaluate 4-month moxifloxacin containing daily regimen [2 months of HRZEM daily / 2 months of HREM daily (2 HRZEM 7 / 2HREM7)] in the treatment of newly diagnosed sputum smear positive pulmonary TB patients.
The aim of this study is to assess immune responses to Mtb in children with MAM compared to well-nourished children and to evaluate the impact of a nutrition intervention on these immune responses.
Patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) are at risk of developing clinically significant portal hypertension (CSPH). In the Baveno VI consensus a new term "compensated advanced chronic liver disease (cACLD)'' has been proposed to better reflect that the spectrum of severe fibrosis and cirrhosis is a continuum in asymptomatic patients. Liver stiffness by TE is sufficient to suspect cACLD in asymptomatic subjects with known causes of CLD. TE values <10 kPa in the absence of other known clinical signs rule out cACLD; values between 10 and 15 kPa are suggestive of cACLD but need further test for confirmation; values >15 kPa are highly suggestive of cACLD. Patients with a liver stiffness <20 kPa and with a platelet count >150,000 have a < 5 % risk of having varices requiring treatment, and can avoid screening endoscopy. SSM can also predict the presence of CSPH and varices requiring treatment. Some studies have shown superiority of splenic stiffness over liver stiffness in predicting varices requiring treatment likely attributable to the better performance of SSM compared with LSM in more severe portal hypertension because it reflects better the hemodynamic component of portal hypertension. However, there are few studies on NAFLD and most are on viral hepatitis related cACLD. Moreover, very few studies are published on splenic stiffness from Indian subcontinent. Similarly baseline HVPG is an important predictor of disease progression patients of NAFLD related cACLD, but requires invasive hepatic vein catheterization. Hence, we intend to do the study assessing diagnostic utility of splenic and liver stiffness in predicting varices needing treatment in NAFLD related cACLD and compare from other noninvasive markers and its correlation with HVPG.
Pain in CP entails several independent yet overlapping mechanisms including oxidative stress-mediated parenchymal inflammation, pancreatic and central neuropathy and neuroplasticity. Medical modalities for long-term pain management includes antioxidants and neuromodulators. Pancreatic enzymes are also invariably used for pain management. CP with ductal obstruction and pain is treated with either endotherapy or drainage surgery. However, it has been observed that a substantially increasing proportion of patients experience pain recurrence as the duration of follow-up after endotherapy or surgery gets longer. Neural and dietary (proteins) stimuli activate CCK receptors in D1 & D2 which gives a positive feedback signal for pancreatic secretion. Once enzyme secretion starts, due to ductal and interstitial/tissue hypertension, nociception begins that results in pain. Blockade of the duodenal CCK receptors could inhibit the positive feedback loop, thereby reducing pancreatic secretion and resulting pain. Currently available enteric coated enzyme supplements are released throughout the small bowel and therefore may not be released sufficiently in the duodenum to effectively suppress the feedback loops. High doses of proteases (~25k-30k) would be required to block the receptors, while most of the currently available preparations have higher lipase but not proteases. This led to the investigators' hypothesis that negative feedback of CCK by non enteric coated pancreatic enzymes could ameliorate pain in a more effective manner by NE-PERT.
Investigators plan to study the prevalence of comorbidities in patients undergoing oncosurgeries